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English 1301

by: Kumar Jyoti

English 1301 Music 1300

Kumar Jyoti
GPA 3.3

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Synthesis Essay
Music Appreciation
Dr. Scott Pool
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Kumar Jyoti on Tuesday December 29, 2015. The Bundle belongs to Music 1300 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Scott Pool in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.


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Date Created: 12/29/15
Haisam Mubarik ENG 1301­003 14 November 2015 Bringing our Beloved Animals Back to Life De­extinction is a word that brings hope to many, and brings pain to others. It is such a  controversial topic. De­extinction is bringing extinct animals, like the wooly mammoth, back to  life. Does the dangers of this outweigh the benefits? Is this even possible? The topic has been  debated for years. Humans should definitely focus on reviving extinct species because a great  number of those animals do not have a modern equal, de­extinction would further the ability of  science (maybe even making it useful to furthering human life), and the revival would enhance  biodiversity.  Firstly, UTA’s community is very diverse therefore arguments will have a variety of  dimensions. Appealing to the majority of the student body of UTA is not an easy talk, as there  are people from all over the world – and at comparable percentages. Most people at this  university will understand logical and thoughtful claims because it helps them in pursuing a  further education. The first article of the Jurassic play essay cluster is “The Case for De­ extinction.” It mentions how the method of de­extinction is possible. Stewart Brand, the author,  says “All you might need is to patch into the living genome of the extinct animal’s closest living  relative. For the passenger pigeon, it would be the band­tailed pigeon; for the woolly mammoth,  the Asian elephant” (Brand) to recreate organisms. Brand is highly knowledgeable about the  science behind it all, and he is a strong supporter of restoring the extinct wildlife. He is evidently  on board because he created a nonprofit organization called Revive and Restore in order to  research the effects. Agreeing with him are those who want to see a bright future with expanded  scientific possibilities.  My primary point supporting de­extinction reflects on the fact that mammoths and saber­ tooth tigers, among others, were and are (or still can be) extremely unique. These species have  evolved into multiple next­generation species that are individually weaker than their ancestors.  Ultimately, saber­tooths were the greatest killing machines. Now, we have lions, tigers and  leopards – all of which are not as physically or mentally dominant as their previous version.  Also, the only factor that killed ancient animals was the ice Age – this cannot properly be  prepared for so the death of those animals did not test their adaptability. In “The Case for De­ extinction,” Brand explains how the mammoth can currently be useful in reducing the  consequences of global warming – something today’s beasts cannot do” When the herds of  northern megaherbivores were killed off by humans ten millennia ago, Zimov says, the largest  biome on earth, called the "mammoth steppe," converted from grassland to boreal forest and  tundra. In these days of global warming, thawing tundra is releasing greenhouse gases, whereas  grassland fixes carbon. Zimov is currently restoring grassland in the far north with muskoxes,  wisents, and Yakutian horses. He is waiting patiently for mammoths” (Brand). The second article in Jurassic Play is the exact opposite of the first. “The Case against  De­extinction” attempts to diffuse the idea of reuniting lost species back with Earth. The writer,  Ehrlich, creates a thesis that claims “It would take resources away from saving endangered  species and their habitats and would divert us from the critical work needed to protect the  planet.” Ehrlich makes a valid point. How will we able to bring species back and take care of  them if we cannot adequately care for our current populations? Fortunately, Brand anticipates  this counterattack and says that the revival of passenger pigeons and others would enhance  biodiversity and increase the availability of resources. The food chain would increase and  become even more diversified. This directly backs up my third reason. Next, the Jurassic discussion takes a turn toward cloning. As expected, “Six reasons we  are no Longer Cloning Dogs” mentions the moral issues and other problems with genetic  mutation. The article discovers the unsatisfactory financial performance of cloning. Due to  cloning having a small market and little buyers and donators, the operations are too expensive.  They are far from cost­effective. Another point is the unethical black market competition. It is  obviously next to impossible for the government to regulate all sales. Underground networks will be promoted because of the possibilities. If nobody is there to stop certain motivated individuals  (mad scientists), who knows how far they are willing to go? The author, Lou Hawthorne, does  not fail to describe the inconsistent results of mutation. Technology is not one­hundred percent  perfect so devastating deviations in findings still occur, causing more polarization against the  idea. De­extinction and cloning are very similar in the sense that both can form new material  out of the old. In order to allow de­extinction to help humans, restrictions on the program need to decrease. My second reason argues that bringing animals back can assist everyday people. Back  when technology was hard to access, birds were a great tool. Passenger pigeons used to deliver  messages all across the globe. Some species can still be trained to do that, in an inexpensive and  fun way. Utilizing the animals’ gifted abilities reduces the dependency of phones and other  devices that can be manipulated or fail. My previous instance of Brand describing how the  mammoth can help reduce the effects of climate change should do justice to this claim. The  fourth article in the cluster, “The Cloning Scandal of Hwang Woo­Suk,” goes into detail the  possible moral issues with cloning. It narrates the infamous story of a once­respected South  Korean scientist who bribed mom’s for their eggs to do research. Not only was this ‘under­the­ table’ procedure illegal, it was also unjust in that these moms would not be comfortable with  handing over their eggs. Events like Woo­Suk’s emphasize the negatives of cloning.  People fear de­extinction because they do not understand the safety precautions  associated with it. If the idea was supported by lawmakers, strict guidelines would definitely be  in place to ensure that nobody is harmed. My final reason is supporting Brand is the increase of  diversity on our beautiful planet. Would you, the readers of The Shorthorn, the students and staff of UTA, not want to see a real­life mammoth in your life? I hate the chance that my kids may not ever experience the frightening sight and roar of a black panther. These endangered animals will  once go away but now, since we can possibly bring them back, why not try? Wild animals from  the Ice Age and other time periods would easily contribute to today’s environment. They would  bring spectacular abilities and ever­changing needs – needs that can affect the food web. The last article “100 Babies in a Year Will have Three Parents” is about genetic mutation, and partly, cloning. Many sad mothers and fathers lose their children before they are born, or a  few hours after birth. This can cause depression in many families. Scientists have proposed a  viable solution. This calls for one man and two females to develop one baby. Women with great  health are needed (one for every procedure). With this, women with poor health can have healthy babies! After all, everyone deserves to live, right? This highlights pro­life but keeps pro­choice  ethical because healthy babies will be increasingly abundant.    In conclusion, readers of The Shorthorn should find the future of scientific advances  interesting, as it will affect them. De­extinction should be supported as it will increase  biodiversity, it will allow ancient animals to assist mankind and it will call for animals with  unique abilities.  Works Cited Woollaston, Victoria. “100 Babies a year in the UK will have three parents.”


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