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by: Isabella DeLain


Marketplace > Auburn University > THEA 1010 > THEA 1010 FULL SEMESTER
Isabella DeLain

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These are all the notes taken during Spring 2016 of THEA 1010. Many quiz questions come from in class notes!
Intro to Theater
Jean Butler
intro to theater, theater
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This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Isabella DeLain on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Bundle belongs to THEA 1010 at Auburn University taught by Jean Butler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 01/13/16
   Theater   Jan  28     Theatre  People  and  Terms   Chapters  5  &  9   Assassins-­‐  no  Tuesday  march  1  show-­‐  look  on  website,  RESERVE  free  student   ticket  online     Theatre  people  and  terms   The  difference?   -­‐Producer  or  producing  director  vs.  artistic  director  vs.  director  of  play   -­‐Literary  manager/  department  vs.  dramaturge  vs.  publicity  department  vs.  house   manager     What  do  they  do?   Stage  manager-­‐  calls  every  cue   Assist.  Stage  manager-­‐     Technical  director-­‐  over  construction  and  tech  crews   Drapers  and  stitchers   Prop  master     In  rehersals…   Musical  directors   Choreographer   Movement  coach   Fight  director   Vocal  coach     Terms  to  know;   Concept  meeting   Production  meeting   Mission  statement   Ghost  light   Greenroom   Repertory   Flat   Scrim   Cyclorama   Teasers  and  legs   Stagehands,  running  crew,  dressers,  riggers   Stage  door   Call  time             Theatrical  space  and  design:   • Designers:   Scenic   Costume   Lighting   Sound     Props  designer   What  kind  of  HW  do  designers  do  to  prepare  for  a  new  show?   What  is  the  purpose  of  a  design  team  meeting?   What  are  the  basic  elements  of  deisng,  or  the  toolkit?   What  is  the  process  each  type  of  designer  uses  to  realize  their  designs?  How  are   they  alike/  different?     Theatrical  Spaces       Thrust  is  also  called  a  three  quarter  round   Arena  stages-­‐  theater  in  the  round   Black  box  theatre-­‐  flexible  seating     Theatrical  styles:   Realism   Suggested  or  selective  realism   Expressionism-­‐  more  stylized,  story  told  through  the  mind  of  one  character   Surrealism-­‐  dreamlike,  taking  to  extreme   Symbolism-­‐     Pgs  202,  203     Why  she  takes  off  period  boots:   It  would  take  too  long  to  unlace  for  quickchange                                   Feb  2:   The  Playwright  and  the  script:     Theatre  begins  with  the  playwright   Wright-­‐comes  from  middle  ages  and  means  one  who  builds   • Usually  work  alone,  some  exceptions   • Often  called  the  primary  artist   • Get  top  billing   • Retain  copywright   • No  closed-­‐  shop  union  for  playwrights   • Considered  management   • Less  money  but  more  power  over  script   • Open  shop  union  for  playwrights  is  the  dramatist  guild  of  America   • Royalties,  subsidiary  rights     Television  and  screen  wrighters   “writers  for  hire’  (  sell  copywright)     Powerful  closed  shop  union   Writers  guild  of  America  (WGA)     • more  money  but  less  power  over  the  script     Three  basic  ingredients  of  a  play:   1. dialogue   2. stage  directions   3. parentheticals     Tools  of  the  playwright:   1. Theme  (  central  idea  or  message;  more  powerful  if  revealed  through  action   rather  than  stated  explicitly)   2. Characters  in  action  (  must  understand  peoples  motivations  and  emotions,   come  to  life  by  what  they  say  and  do)   3. Conflict  (desire  +  obstacle  +  lack  of  compromise  =  conflict)   4. Language  (we  talk  because  we  want;  subtext  (hidden  meaning)    Listening  (   interpretations  of  what  is  heard)  imagery  (painting  pictures  with  words)   Rhythm,  tempo,  sound  (  musical  tools)   5. Plot       Story  vs.  plot   Everything  that  happens  vs.  how  it  all  fits  together   Plot/  plot  structure:  playwrights  selection  of  events  to  create  a  logical   sequence  as  a  result  to  distil  meaning  from  the  chaos  of  life     When  plotting  a  story,  playwrights  consider  to  genre  and  its  rules   Genre-­‐  a  category  of  an  artistic  work  that  has  a  particular  form,  style,  of  subject   matter   Comedy,  tragedy:         *Formula  Plot*     Beginning:     Exposition  (  back  story)   Intro  of  protagonist  and  antagonist   A.  Events  (  unusual  event  draws  audience  in)   B.  Disturbance:  (  Balance  is  upset)   C.  Point  of  attack  (fuse  is  lit)   (Major  dramatic  question  or  MDQ)     Middle:     Rising  action,  or  path  of  most  resistance   A. Conflicts,  crises,  and  complications   Conflict:  struggle  of  pposing  forces   Crisis:  event  that  make  action  necessary   Complication:  roadblocks  to  success   B.  Dark  moment  (  protagonist  fails,  goal  seems  unattainable)     End:   Usually  the  shortet  part   A. Enlightenment:  (protaganists  realizes  how  to  defeat  the  antagonist,  tied  to   theme  of  play)   B. Climax  (point  of  greatest  dramatic  tension,  moment  of  defeat)   C. Denouement  (fiinal  outcome,  hints  at  future,  balance  returns)     Act  and  intermissions:     Acts  are  the  major  sections  of  plays,  divided  by  short  intervals  called  intermissions   More  scenes  than  acts                                 February  9     The  art  of  Acting     Training  the  body  and  the  voice   International  Phonetic  Alphabet-­‐  system  using  symbols  to  write  different  dialects     Gurus  and  Mentors:   Konstantin  Stanislavsky  -­‐“Father  of  modern  acting”   • Co  founder  of  Moscow  art  theatre   • Method  acting   • Immersive,  detailed,  realistic  and  psychological  approach   Stella  Adler,  Lee  Strasberg   Sanford  Meisner,  Uta  Hagen,  Michael  Chekhov     Acting  Techniques     Outside/  in  vs.  Inside  out   Changing  the  physical-­‐  technical  acting   Emotional  Memory-­‐  sense  memory   • Relive  something  to  show  emotion   Empathy   Magic  if   Substitution     Understanding  Character:   Given  Circumstances   Superobjective-­‐  guiding  course  for  actors  actions  throughout  the  play   Public  and  personal  images     Goals  vs.  Obstacles   Inner  conflict   Fatal  flaw  or  tragic  flaw   Motivations/  tactics/actions     The  actors  life   Union-­‐  actors’  equity  association   The  screen  actors  guild  (SAG)   American  federation  of  television  or  radio  artists  (AFTRA)     Equity  Waiver       Auditions:   Cattle  Call-­‐  open  call   Callback  list   Cold  reading     Rehearsals:     Table  work   Blocking   General  working  rehearsal  “works”   Special  rehearsals  (song,  dance,  fight)   Off-­‐  Book/  Off-­‐  prompt   Run-­‐Throughs   Tech   Dress   Que  to  Que-­‐    jumping  from  sound  and  light  Que  to  sound  and  light  Que.     Standard  America  speech-­‐  neutral  dialect   Final  Dress     February  11:   The  art  of  directing:   All  about  vision,  synthesis,  and  coordination     Represents  the  audience  members     Come  from  many  backrounds   Didaskalos:  ‘teacher;     Ancient  greek  playwright/director   Modern  concept  of  direction  came  about  with  the  advent  of  realism     Georg  II  –  duke  of  saxe-­‐  meiningen   Often  credidted  as  first  modern  director     Pre-­‐rehearsal  phase:     Script  analysis   Structural  analysis   • French  scene-­‐   • Beat-­‐  single  unit  of  thought   Concept  meetings   Production  meetings   Casting   • To  type  or  against  type   • Gender-­‐neutral   • Cross  gender-­‐  intentionally  casting  opposite  gender         Rehearsal  phase:   Blocking  and  building  the  story     Focus:   • Body  positions   • Stage  areas   •  Level   •  contrasting   • triangulation   • stage  areas     interpretive  vs  creative:           February  16,  2016     Non-­‐western  theatre     Theater  grew  out  of  ritual  and  myth   Ritual-­‐  from  latin  ritualis     Ceremonial  act  connected  with  human  life  and  all  that  sustains  it     Understand  and  deal  with  environment       Pass  on  tradition  and  knowledge  of  society’s  history  and  heroes     How  do  they  play  parts  in  our  lives?     Weddings   Funerals     At  what  point  do  rituals  become  theatre   Ritual,  ritual  theatre,  theatre     Ritual  theatre:  An  early  form  of  theatre  that  used  theatrical  techniques  such  as  son,   dance,  and  charaterizations,  but  was  firmly  rooted  in  religion     Traits  that  distinguist  ritual  from  theater     An  actor  plays  a  role  (vs.  a  priest)   Theatre  is  artificial-­‐  imitates  action     Theatre  (drama)  usuallt  has  a  story  with  scripted  conflict     Play  can  be  ritual  (  or  ritual  theatre)     Western  drama-­‐  grew  our  of  thespis  in  ancient  Greece  passed  to  romans  to  medieval   europeans  passed  from  europe  to  north  America     Non-­‐  western  drama   Alls  other  forms  (africam  asia,  india,  muslim  lands)     Non-­‐western  Video:   Noh-­‐  masked  drams,  two  characters,  drumers     Origins  of  puppet  theratre  go  back  hundred  of  years     African:  egundun-­‐  cult  of  anscestos     February  18     Theth  greeks  to  the  rise  of  Christianity   5  century  BCE   Greece  made  of  over  150  independent  city-­‐states  (Sparta,  Athens  etc.     Defeat  of  Persians>  great  age  of  Athens   Gradle  of  western  civilization   Originated  modersn  western  forms  of  gov.  art.  Theatre,  and  philosophy     Logos   Mythos-­‐beleifs  and  myths  of  gods     What  is  nature  of  reality?     No  women  of  slaves  allowed  to  be  citizens     Pg  216     Birth  of  tragedy:   Theatre  grew  of  ritual  called  dithyramb,  hymn  sung  at  alter  of  God  Dionysus,  god  of   wine  and  fertility.   dionysus  honored  by  crazy  celebrations     city  of  Dionysus  festival   became  comp  of  plays     Thespis:   Wrote  and  acted  in  a  play  that  won:  created  theatre  by  stepping  out  and  creadting  a   role.  (ritual  to  character_   Thespian-­‐  actor     Early  greek  plays-­‐  all  male   Playwrites  at  the  helm-­‐  no  director   Choregos-­‐  wealth  citizen  who  financed  production     Features  of  greek  theatres:   1. orchestra-­‐  circular  playing  area/  dancing  place   2. 2.  Theatron-­‐  seating  area/  seeing  place   3. skene-­‐  building  behind  orchestra,  held  dressing  rooms     Elements  of  greek  plays:   1. prologue-­‐  short  speech/  scene  to  explain  setting   2. parados-­‐  entrance  of  chourus  to  orchestra   3. episode-­‐  actors  emerge  from  skene  and  preform  scene  (  1-­‐3  actors,  unlimited   characters)   4. 4.  Stasimon-­‐  songs  and  dances  by  chorus  that  comented  on  action  so  far   5. exodus-­‐  summation  by  chorus  on  theme  and  wisdom  of  play     Nature  of  greek  tragedy-­‐  serious  but  not  really  sad  or  disasturupus   “goat  song”  >  related  to  fertility  rites     catharsis-­‐  two  fold  feeling  of  pity  and  fear;  emotional  release     Tragic  hero:  extraordinary  person  of  noble  birth/acchomplishment  (not  poor  or   lower  class)     Hamartia-­‐  tragic  flaw/fatal  flaw   Hubrus-­‐overbearing  prode  of  arrogance   Peripeteia-­‐  racial  reversal  of  fourtune   Anagnoris-­‐  process  of  self-­‐examination     Tradegies  presented  in  trilogies   Satyr  play-­‐  comic  relief  play     Greek  tragedy  playwirghts:   1.  Aeschylus-­‐  warrior  who  fought  battles  against  persioans   Father  of  tragedy   Most  theatrical     2.sophocles-­‐   wise  and  honored  one   won  festival  many  times   Oedipus  rex     4. Euripides   Award  winning  gymnast   Not  popular  due  to  views    Most  often  produced  greek  playwrite   Medea       Greek  comedy   -­‐ old  comedy   -­‐ new  comedy     Aristotle-­‐  philosopher,  educator,  scientist             Midterm       March  1:   Group  project     March  8:   The  roman  empire   “the  las  vegas  of  ancient  times”   mass  entertainment     Obscene  spectacle   Live,  bloody  entertainment   Roman  mimes   Shows  with  jugglers,  acro,  comics,  buffoonery,  vulgar  lang,  indecent  songs,  nudity     New  religion-­‐Christianity-­‐  roman  catholic  church     They  weren’t  having  it   Christians  rose  to  power  and  outlawed  theater   Actors  deprived  of  rights  and  salvation   After  533  ce,  theatre  went  dark     THE  DARK  AGES                               vv   GROUP11   The Renaissance Pt. 6 – pp 324-325 Elizabethan theatre overview Who produced & acted in the plays? Who were Puritans? Where were theatres located and why?   Who  produced  and  acted  in  the  plays?     Grammar  schools,  and  boy  companies-­‐  professional,  organized  companies  of   boys  who  competed  with  adult  acting  troupes  in  temporary  theatres.     Who  were  Puritans?     Religious  group  that  protested  theatre.  Got  their  name  from  their  zeal  to   purify  the  church.  Only  way  to  escape  hell  was:  hard  work,  abstinence  from  profane   amusements  and  sensual  pleasures,  and  careful  observalnce  of  religious  rites.  They   condemned  theatre  as  a  temptation  of  the  devil.       Where  were  theatres  located  and  why?     Outside  city  limits-­‐  to  avoid  the  London  magistrates  and  the  puritans.  Two   permenant  playhouses:  small  indoor  theathres  such  as  blackfairs-­‐  catered  to  the   weatlthy  and  huge  outdoor  theathres  (The  Rose  and  The  Globe)  open  to  public.         MARCH  10:     Playlets-­‐   Tropes-­‐   Mansions-­‐     March  24   Modern  theathre     1800s   many  life  changing  inventions   industrial  revolution     advent  of  realism   luois  Daguerre-­‐  like  like  sesm  daguerreotype   William  fox  talkbot-­‐  phototgraphy     Thomas  Edison-­‐  incandescent  lightbulb   Charles  dawrin     Karl  Marx-­‐  democratic  socialism  and  revolutionary  communism           Realism  playwrighter     Henrik  Ibsen-­‐  Norwegian,  most  famous,  father  of  realism,  complex  disturbing  view   of  human  society.     George  Bernard  Shaw-­‐  british,  high  comedies-­‐  cerebral,  socially  relevant  plays,   Characters  argued  about  social  issues.     Anton  Chekhov-­‐  Russian,  objective  obsever  of  life   Last  chaos  of  lives  crushed  by  lifes  absurdities  and  missed  opportunities       Oscar  Wilde-­‐  English,  advocated  “art  for  art’s  sake”.  Known  for  aesthetic   idiosyncarsis  and  wit   Wityy  repartee  that  forced  victorian  society  to  reexamine  hypocrisies  and   arbitratiness  of  its  moral  and  social  taboos.     Rise  of  Avant-­‐garde   Lumieres-­‐  first  movie  theatre   Movies  provided  realim  and  threatened  theatre   Avant  garde-­‐  any  artist     Isms-­‐  set  of  odeas  about  the  style,  purpose  and  scale  of  production     Symbolism   Expressionism-­‐  Eugene  oneil   Dadism-­‐  life  has  no  purpose   Surrealism-­‐  Antonin  artaud,  theatre  of  cruelty   Absurdism-­‐  fatalist,  hilarious,  existentialist     Samuel    becket-­‐  joined  French  resistance,  mostly  a  fatalist   plays   dramatized  moral  and  social  uncertainty.  Endgame,  waiting  for  godot     Harold  pinter-­‐  british,  hilarious,  comidies  of  menance-­‐  both  frighten  and  entertain,   known  for  dialogue  that  captures  incoherence,  broken  language,  and  pauses  of   modern  speech,  has  Kafkaesque  quality.  The  dumb  waiter.  Betrayal     Jean-­‐Paul  sarte,  French,  existence  is  the  will  to  create  our  future,  and  opposite  of   existence  is  note  having  the  power  to  create  our  future  or  giving  that  power  away,   NO  Exit     Bertolt  Brecht,  german,  communist,  plays  that  would  force  audience  to  think  about   social  issue  of  the  day.  Epic  theatre,  Alientation  effect,  Estrangment,  staging   teqnigues  to  remind  you  are  in  theatre,  the  threepenny  opera,  mother  courage,  and   her  children       March  31,  2016     Post  war  theatre  in  the  US   Despite  wars,  filled  with  optimism,  mostly  still  realistic     Some  mixing  of  ‘isms”   Authur  Miller-­‐  death  of  a  salesman   Mized  realism  and  expressionism     Tennessee  William;s  the  glass  menagerie   Called  “poetic  realism”  bc  realism  is  expressed  through  lyrical  language     Some  remaining  realistic  plays  that  attacked  system  and  attempted  to  put  real  life   on  stage.     Usef  during  civil  rights  movement,  Lorraine  Hansberry’s  A  raisin  in  the  sun.  (   economic,  social,  and  political  predujucies  and  self  doubts.     First  Black  woman  play  wright  to  be  produced  on  broadway  (1959)     “McCarthyism”   one  of  the  worst  periods  of  censorship  in  the  US,  led  by  joseph  R  mcCathey,   republican  senator  from  WI     Began  1938   1947-­‐  investigated  alleged  communist  influence  in  Hollywood.     HUAC-­‐  house  un-­‐american  activities  committess,     Many  “blacklisted”  refused  to  hire)     Some  sent  to  proson  for  mot  testifying.  (Hollywood  ten)     Late  1950s     Off-­‐  broadway   Small  theatres  that  sprang  up  in  manhattan  to  put  on  plays  about  issues  of  the  day.   (movement  actually  began  50  years  earlier  with  the  little  theatre  movement”  )     Eventually  because  a  victum       Experimental  theatre:   Happenings,     Bread  and  puppet  theatre   The  living  theatre   Chicago  off-­‐  loop     San  fransisco  mime  troupe   El  teatre  campesina   Nationl  black  theatre   Joseph  papps  public  theatre           April  12,  2016     Straigh  play  vs.  musical   Types  of  musicals:   Musical  comedy   Straight  musical     Rock  musical   Book   Dance  mucicals     Related  musical  entertainment     Revue   Variety  show   burlesque     Precursors  to  the  musical:   Opera  –  Italy   Operetta  –  comic  opera   Ballad  opera  –  earliest  American  musicals     The  black  crook  (1866)-­‐  often  called  the  US  first  modern  musical     African  American  musical  began  to  flourish  in  the  late  1800’s:  blacks  and  whites  still   did  not  perform  together     Influences  on  early  musical  thater:   Railroad   WW1  (cohan  and  berlin;  patriotic  and  sentimental   Jazz  music  –  George  and  ira  Gershwin       April  14,     Doubt:    


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