THEA 1010 FULL SEMESTER
THEA 1010 FULL SEMESTER THEA 1010
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This 14 page Bundle was uploaded by Isabella DeLain on Wednesday January 13, 2016. The Bundle belongs to THEA 1010 at Auburn University taught by Jean Butler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 01/13/16
Theater Jan 28 Theatre People and Terms Chapters 5 & 9 Assassins-‐ no Tuesday march 1 show-‐ look on website, RESERVE free student ticket online Theatre people and terms The difference? -‐Producer or producing director vs. artistic director vs. director of play -‐Literary manager/ department vs. dramaturge vs. publicity department vs. house manager What do they do? Stage manager-‐ calls every cue Assist. Stage manager-‐ Technical director-‐ over construction and tech crews Drapers and stitchers Prop master In rehersals… Musical directors Choreographer Movement coach Fight director Vocal coach Terms to know; Concept meeting Production meeting Mission statement Ghost light Greenroom Repertory Flat Scrim Cyclorama Teasers and legs Stagehands, running crew, dressers, riggers Stage door Call time Theatrical space and design: • Designers: Scenic Costume Lighting Sound Props designer What kind of HW do designers do to prepare for a new show? What is the purpose of a design team meeting? What are the basic elements of deisng, or the toolkit? What is the process each type of designer uses to realize their designs? How are they alike/ different? Theatrical Spaces Thrust is also called a three quarter round Arena stages-‐ theater in the round Black box theatre-‐ flexible seating Theatrical styles: Realism Suggested or selective realism Expressionism-‐ more stylized, story told through the mind of one character Surrealism-‐ dreamlike, taking to extreme Symbolism-‐ Pgs 202, 203 Why she takes off period boots: It would take too long to unlace for quickchange Feb 2: The Playwright and the script: Theatre begins with the playwright Wright-‐comes from middle ages and means one who builds • Usually work alone, some exceptions • Often called the primary artist • Get top billing • Retain copywright • No closed-‐ shop union for playwrights • Considered management • Less money but more power over script • Open shop union for playwrights is the dramatist guild of America • Royalties, subsidiary rights Television and screen wrighters “writers for hire’ ( sell copywright) Powerful closed shop union Writers guild of America (WGA) • more money but less power over the script Three basic ingredients of a play: 1. dialogue 2. stage directions 3. parentheticals Tools of the playwright: 1. Theme ( central idea or message; more powerful if revealed through action rather than stated explicitly) 2. Characters in action ( must understand peoples motivations and emotions, come to life by what they say and do) 3. Conflict (desire + obstacle + lack of compromise = conflict) 4. Language (we talk because we want; subtext (hidden meaning) Listening ( interpretations of what is heard) imagery (painting pictures with words) Rhythm, tempo, sound ( musical tools) 5. Plot Story vs. plot Everything that happens vs. how it all fits together Plot/ plot structure: playwrights selection of events to create a logical sequence as a result to distil meaning from the chaos of life When plotting a story, playwrights consider to genre and its rules Genre-‐ a category of an artistic work that has a particular form, style, of subject matter Comedy, tragedy: *Formula Plot* Beginning: Exposition ( back story) Intro of protagonist and antagonist A. Events ( unusual event draws audience in) B. Disturbance: ( Balance is upset) C. Point of attack (fuse is lit) (Major dramatic question or MDQ) Middle: Rising action, or path of most resistance A. Conflicts, crises, and complications Conflict: struggle of pposing forces Crisis: event that make action necessary Complication: roadblocks to success B. Dark moment ( protagonist fails, goal seems unattainable) End: Usually the shortet part A. Enlightenment: (protaganists realizes how to defeat the antagonist, tied to theme of play) B. Climax (point of greatest dramatic tension, moment of defeat) C. Denouement (fiinal outcome, hints at future, balance returns) Act and intermissions: Acts are the major sections of plays, divided by short intervals called intermissions More scenes than acts February 9 The art of Acting Training the body and the voice International Phonetic Alphabet-‐ system using symbols to write different dialects Gurus and Mentors: Konstantin Stanislavsky -‐“Father of modern acting” • Co founder of Moscow art theatre • Method acting • Immersive, detailed, realistic and psychological approach Stella Adler, Lee Strasberg Sanford Meisner, Uta Hagen, Michael Chekhov Acting Techniques Outside/ in vs. Inside out Changing the physical-‐ technical acting Emotional Memory-‐ sense memory • Relive something to show emotion Empathy Magic if Substitution Understanding Character: Given Circumstances Superobjective-‐ guiding course for actors actions throughout the play Public and personal images Goals vs. Obstacles Inner conflict Fatal flaw or tragic flaw Motivations/ tactics/actions The actors life Union-‐ actors’ equity association The screen actors guild (SAG) American federation of television or radio artists (AFTRA) Equity Waiver Auditions: Cattle Call-‐ open call Callback list Cold reading Rehearsals: Table work Blocking General working rehearsal “works” Special rehearsals (song, dance, fight) Off-‐ Book/ Off-‐ prompt Run-‐Throughs Tech Dress Que to Que-‐ jumping from sound and light Que to sound and light Que. Standard America speech-‐ neutral dialect Final Dress February 11: The art of directing: All about vision, synthesis, and coordination Represents the audience members Come from many backrounds Didaskalos: ‘teacher; Ancient greek playwright/director Modern concept of direction came about with the advent of realism Georg II – duke of saxe-‐ meiningen Often credidted as first modern director Pre-‐rehearsal phase: Script analysis Structural analysis • French scene-‐ • Beat-‐ single unit of thought Concept meetings Production meetings Casting • To type or against type • Gender-‐neutral • Cross gender-‐ intentionally casting opposite gender Rehearsal phase: Blocking and building the story Focus: • Body positions • Stage areas • Level • contrasting • triangulation • stage areas interpretive vs creative: February 16, 2016 Non-‐western theatre Theater grew out of ritual and myth Ritual-‐ from latin ritualis Ceremonial act connected with human life and all that sustains it Understand and deal with environment Pass on tradition and knowledge of society’s history and heroes How do they play parts in our lives? Weddings Funerals At what point do rituals become theatre Ritual, ritual theatre, theatre Ritual theatre: An early form of theatre that used theatrical techniques such as son, dance, and charaterizations, but was firmly rooted in religion Traits that distinguist ritual from theater An actor plays a role (vs. a priest) Theatre is artificial-‐ imitates action Theatre (drama) usuallt has a story with scripted conflict Play can be ritual ( or ritual theatre) Western drama-‐ grew our of thespis in ancient Greece passed to romans to medieval europeans passed from europe to north America Non-‐ western drama Alls other forms (africam asia, india, muslim lands) Non-‐western Video: Noh-‐ masked drams, two characters, drumers Origins of puppet theratre go back hundred of years African: egundun-‐ cult of anscestos February 18 Theth greeks to the rise of Christianity 5 century BCE Greece made of over 150 independent city-‐states (Sparta, Athens etc. Defeat of Persians> great age of Athens Gradle of western civilization Originated modersn western forms of gov. art. Theatre, and philosophy Logos Mythos-‐beleifs and myths of gods What is nature of reality? No women of slaves allowed to be citizens Pg 216 Birth of tragedy: Theatre grew of ritual called dithyramb, hymn sung at alter of God Dionysus, god of wine and fertility. dionysus honored by crazy celebrations city of Dionysus festival became comp of plays Thespis: Wrote and acted in a play that won: created theatre by stepping out and creadting a role. (ritual to character_ Thespian-‐ actor Early greek plays-‐ all male Playwrites at the helm-‐ no director Choregos-‐ wealth citizen who financed production Features of greek theatres: 1. orchestra-‐ circular playing area/ dancing place 2. 2. Theatron-‐ seating area/ seeing place 3. skene-‐ building behind orchestra, held dressing rooms Elements of greek plays: 1. prologue-‐ short speech/ scene to explain setting 2. parados-‐ entrance of chourus to orchestra 3. episode-‐ actors emerge from skene and preform scene ( 1-‐3 actors, unlimited characters) 4. 4. Stasimon-‐ songs and dances by chorus that comented on action so far 5. exodus-‐ summation by chorus on theme and wisdom of play Nature of greek tragedy-‐ serious but not really sad or disasturupus “goat song” > related to fertility rites catharsis-‐ two fold feeling of pity and fear; emotional release Tragic hero: extraordinary person of noble birth/acchomplishment (not poor or lower class) Hamartia-‐ tragic flaw/fatal flaw Hubrus-‐overbearing prode of arrogance Peripeteia-‐ racial reversal of fourtune Anagnoris-‐ process of self-‐examination Tradegies presented in trilogies Satyr play-‐ comic relief play Greek tragedy playwirghts: 1. Aeschylus-‐ warrior who fought battles against persioans Father of tragedy Most theatrical 2.sophocles-‐ wise and honored one won festival many times Oedipus rex 4. Euripides Award winning gymnast Not popular due to views Most often produced greek playwrite Medea Greek comedy -‐ old comedy -‐ new comedy Aristotle-‐ philosopher, educator, scientist Midterm March 1: Group project March 8: The roman empire “the las vegas of ancient times” mass entertainment Obscene spectacle Live, bloody entertainment Roman mimes Shows with jugglers, acro, comics, buffoonery, vulgar lang, indecent songs, nudity New religion-‐Christianity-‐ roman catholic church They weren’t having it Christians rose to power and outlawed theater Actors deprived of rights and salvation After 533 ce, theatre went dark THE DARK AGES vv GROUP11 The Renaissance Pt. 6 – pp 324-325 Elizabethan theatre overview Who produced & acted in the plays? Who were Puritans? Where were theatres located and why? Who produced and acted in the plays? Grammar schools, and boy companies-‐ professional, organized companies of boys who competed with adult acting troupes in temporary theatres. Who were Puritans? Religious group that protested theatre. Got their name from their zeal to purify the church. Only way to escape hell was: hard work, abstinence from profane amusements and sensual pleasures, and careful observalnce of religious rites. They condemned theatre as a temptation of the devil. Where were theatres located and why? Outside city limits-‐ to avoid the London magistrates and the puritans. Two permenant playhouses: small indoor theathres such as blackfairs-‐ catered to the weatlthy and huge outdoor theathres (The Rose and The Globe) open to public. MARCH 10: Playlets-‐ Tropes-‐ Mansions-‐ March 24 Modern theathre 1800s many life changing inventions industrial revolution advent of realism luois Daguerre-‐ like like sesm daguerreotype William fox talkbot-‐ phototgraphy Thomas Edison-‐ incandescent lightbulb Charles dawrin Karl Marx-‐ democratic socialism and revolutionary communism Realism playwrighter Henrik Ibsen-‐ Norwegian, most famous, father of realism, complex disturbing view of human society. George Bernard Shaw-‐ british, high comedies-‐ cerebral, socially relevant plays, Characters argued about social issues. Anton Chekhov-‐ Russian, objective obsever of life Last chaos of lives crushed by lifes absurdities and missed opportunities Oscar Wilde-‐ English, advocated “art for art’s sake”. Known for aesthetic idiosyncarsis and wit Wityy repartee that forced victorian society to reexamine hypocrisies and arbitratiness of its moral and social taboos. Rise of Avant-‐garde Lumieres-‐ first movie theatre Movies provided realim and threatened theatre Avant garde-‐ any artist Isms-‐ set of odeas about the style, purpose and scale of production Symbolism Expressionism-‐ Eugene oneil Dadism-‐ life has no purpose Surrealism-‐ Antonin artaud, theatre of cruelty Absurdism-‐ fatalist, hilarious, existentialist Samuel becket-‐ joined French resistance, mostly a fatalist plays dramatized moral and social uncertainty. Endgame, waiting for godot Harold pinter-‐ british, hilarious, comidies of menance-‐ both frighten and entertain, known for dialogue that captures incoherence, broken language, and pauses of modern speech, has Kafkaesque quality. The dumb waiter. Betrayal Jean-‐Paul sarte, French, existence is the will to create our future, and opposite of existence is note having the power to create our future or giving that power away, NO Exit Bertolt Brecht, german, communist, plays that would force audience to think about social issue of the day. Epic theatre, Alientation effect, Estrangment, staging teqnigues to remind you are in theatre, the threepenny opera, mother courage, and her children March 31, 2016 Post war theatre in the US Despite wars, filled with optimism, mostly still realistic Some mixing of ‘isms” Authur Miller-‐ death of a salesman Mized realism and expressionism Tennessee William;s the glass menagerie Called “poetic realism” bc realism is expressed through lyrical language Some remaining realistic plays that attacked system and attempted to put real life on stage. Usef during civil rights movement, Lorraine Hansberry’s A raisin in the sun. ( economic, social, and political predujucies and self doubts. First Black woman play wright to be produced on broadway (1959) “McCarthyism” one of the worst periods of censorship in the US, led by joseph R mcCathey, republican senator from WI Began 1938 1947-‐ investigated alleged communist influence in Hollywood. HUAC-‐ house un-‐american activities committess, Many “blacklisted” refused to hire) Some sent to proson for mot testifying. (Hollywood ten) Late 1950s Off-‐ broadway Small theatres that sprang up in manhattan to put on plays about issues of the day. (movement actually began 50 years earlier with the little theatre movement” ) Eventually because a victum Experimental theatre: Happenings, Bread and puppet theatre The living theatre Chicago off-‐ loop San fransisco mime troupe El teatre campesina Nationl black theatre Joseph papps public theatre April 12, 2016 Straigh play vs. musical Types of musicals: Musical comedy Straight musical Rock musical Book Dance mucicals Related musical entertainment Revue Variety show burlesque Precursors to the musical: Opera – Italy Operetta – comic opera Ballad opera – earliest American musicals The black crook (1866)-‐ often called the US first modern musical African American musical began to flourish in the late 1800’s: blacks and whites still did not perform together Influences on early musical thater: Railroad WW1 (cohan and berlin; patriotic and sentimental Jazz music – George and ira Gershwin April 14, Doubt:
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