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CRIMJ101 Chpt 1 Sec2

by: Zuleykha aslanova

CRIMJ101 Chpt 1 Sec2 Criminal Justice 101

Zuleykha aslanova
GPA 3.0

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These notes are the middle part of chapter one. The final part will be up Monday evening
Otwin Morenin
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Zuleykha aslanova on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Criminal Justice 101 at Washington State University taught by Otwin Morenin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views.


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Date Created: 01/14/16
Intro to Crime and the CRIMJ System: pt.2   Crime definitions change over time   mala en se ­  refers to behavior that is sinful and inherently wrong by nature.   mala prohibita ­ describes behavior that is prohibited by law. Is dynamic and changed over time.    with more law we have more crime    Justifiable Homicide ­The lawful and intentional taking of another's life, has always been legal, what    constitutes homicide has changed over time.  ­ Justifiable homicide: ¤ must have evidence that the suspected offender presented an immenent  threat to the life of or well­being of another.  • includes murder, manslaughter, armed robbery, or rape.  ¤ killing in self­defense/defending another, state­sanctioned  executions, &  killing during time of war       ­ State laws expanded situations for justifiable homicide possibility ¤ EX: Owner had to obey duty to retreat during the time of robbery. Now,  CA, FL, PA, TN => adopted the  "castle doctrine" law   Legal doctrine that state home owners are no longer required to retreat  if threatened by an intruder. In some states, it extends beyond homes.   (such as business, motor vehicle, public place,  Adultery    ­ Another example of decriminalization     ­ This law sought to prevent a husband from supporting/leaving an inheritance to       another man's child/children due to his wife's adulterous behavior     ­ Punishment varied by state.   Driving Under the Influence     ­ Example of increased criminalization     ­ By expanding what’s considered criminal behavior, the number of offenders and the       number of under control of the Criminal justice system increased.     ­ Candace Lightner founding president of MADD (mothers against drunk driving  ¤ Daughter, Cari was murdered by a drunk driver. Man had consumed too much  alcohol and mentally blacked out. Cari was his 5th hit­and­run murder.  ­ Legal alcohol content level: 0.08%  ­ Penalties and criminal charges varied by state.   Rape     ­ example of a crime that has seen an expansion in its definition over time     ­ considered as a mala en se     ­ Originally defined as "carnal knowledge of a female forcible and against will" by the  FBI     ­ Prior to 1975, rape by def. couldn’t occur btwn marital partners ¤ currently all states have marital rape law which took 20 yrs to recognize  seriousness of rape btwn couples. ¤ South Dakota ­ first to make law. North Carolina ­ last in 1993         ­ Rape shield laws restrict a defendant's ability to cross­examine a rape victim about past           sexual behavior and prohibit the revealing of the identity of a rape victim.   Purpose/perspectives of the Criminal Justice System.   purpose of the CRIMJ System ­ different beliefs:     ­ some believe rehabilitation is the purpose others believe     ­ control and punish offenders/ protect society    ­ ensure that all the accused are treated fairly and/or restore justice  Crime Control      ­ Perspective:  popular view of the role of the criminal justice  system. This       perspective states that the goal of the system is to prevent crime by shrewdly and       harshly punishing offenders.     ­ Perspective: punishment is weak/ avoided and offenders do not fear apprehension &      continue to commit crime ¤ offenders choose to commit crime therefore should pay the price ¤ are all greedy, impulsive, and/or thrill seeking individuals  ­ Currently is in vogue and resulted in part in the enormous growth of individuals under   the supervision ­ Research indicates this model isn't effective, efficient/ economically sound. b/c 2/3's  offenders commit another crime  Rehabilitation     ­ Perspective:  a view that the purpose of the criminal justice system is to      rehabilitate the offender    ­ Care and treat people who can't take care of themselves    ­ Based on the belief that people commit crime because it's their only option     ­ CRIMJ system would provide means to improve their lives through education, training,      and social work   Due Process     ­ Perspective: perspective that views the role of the CRIMJ system to be to ensure all people accused of crimes are treated fairly and equally in the system ¤ protective rights found in the 5th and 14th amendment - Not allow inequitable treatment based on any characteristics (race, ethnicity, age, income, or religious preference)  Restorative Justice - Perspective: indicates the CRIMJ system is to restore justice as best as possible through repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior - Shouldn't operate through punishment, but cooperate among victims, offenders, family members  Nonintervention - Perspective: a view that the appropriate role od the CRIMJ system is to be as minimal and nonintrusive as possible      ­ Advocates  for the decriminalization and legalization of non­serious victimless crimes      such as public drunkenness, vagrancy, and possession and use of marijuana.   Criminal Justice and Public Policy  Consensus model - a theoretical view of the criminal justice system


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