Notes on Middle East, North Asia, Monsoon Asia, and Pacific Realm
Notes on Middle East, North Asia, Monsoon Asia, and Pacific Realm GEOG 1010
Popular in Global Geography
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Geography
This 125 page Bundle was uploaded by Isabella DeLain on Thursday January 14, 2016. The Bundle belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daniel A McGowin in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
Reviews for Notes on Middle East, North Asia, Monsoon Asia, and Pacific Realm
Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes for this class
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/14/16
Monsoon Asia ▯ Announcments: ▯ Exam 1 graded ▯ Assignment 2 available soon Due date has changed Total of 3 exercises ▯ Map Quiz 2 Material available soon Quiz opens on sept 28 ▯ ▯ Outline September 16: South Asia Physical Geography Mountains and Isolation Rivers Monsoon ▯ Population Geography Growth Rates Solutions to population strains ▯ Cultural Geography ▯ ▯ Question! ▯ By population, what are the five largest countries in the world? ▯ 1. China 1.37billion ▯ 2. India 1.28billion ▯ 3. US 321 million ▯ 4. Indonesia 257 million ▯ 5. Brazil 204 million ▯ ▯ South Asia ▯ Wall of mountains surrounding the region ▯ Enter though the seas and the eastern lower mountains ▯ ▯ Himalayas- tallest mountain range in the world ▯ Indian subcontinent slammed into asia to create mountains ▯ 53 of the 100 tallest mts are in the Himalayas ▯ ▯ Hindu Kush ▯ Karakoram- separates south asia and central asia nd K2 2 highest mt o Top 100 mountains are located here ▯ Himalayas form boundary from northeast and southwest asia ▯ Rivers begin in mountains ▯ Indus River-Pakistan’s main river, most important ▯ Ganges River- indias main river, Sacred river to hindus ▯ ▯ Bangladesh ▯ Brahmaputra river- gives fertile land ▯ Great agriculture and farming ▯ Indian Ocean and Monsoons (Seasonal Wind) High pressure- clockwise Low pressure- counter clockwise Pollution- sewage and water pollution Ends up in streets and rivers Malthusian Theory: Rev Thomas Malthus An eassy on the principle of population(1798) Population and resources grow at different rates Different growth- causes on to overpower the other Population is too much for resources ▯ He was wrong ▯ He predicted this during the Industrial revolution Neo-Malthusian Looks at other resources like oil Family planning in South Asia: Increased in last 30 years Huge cities, but most live in the countries Bangladesh is working to send women to share benefits of family planning Green Revolution: The way they produce and manufacture seeds so crops can produce more Started in India Instead of crops growing taller, they grow shorter and wider to produce more rice, etc. Lack of Urbanization: Over crowding of india: Not the whole country, but the indian cities ▯ Deforestation: for space for farming, land, businesses Chipko tree huggers o Hug to protect the trees, to keep them from being cut down o It worked to some extent ▯ Wildlife vs Humans: ▯ Cities close to forests ▯ Friday Septermber 18 2015 Announcments: Assignment 2 now available Exercises 7.1, 8.3, 9.3 DUE OCT 7 ▯ Map Quiz 2 Material Available this weekend Quiz will open sept 28 Todays Outline Cultural Geography Early Settlements Caste System Religions Language ▯ Socio0economic Geography ▯ Political Geography Partitioning of South Africa Early Settlement: Indus river valley- first area of settlement in south asia Ganges River Valley- Caste system- system of separation/ hierarchy Based on traditional culture of India Recarnation- common eastern belief ▯ 1.Sudra- lowest ▯ 2. Vaishya- Merchants ▯ 3. Kshatriyas- elite, princely ▯ 4. Brahmin- Monks, priest, religious leaders ▯ Untouchables- less than human, had the worst jobs/ dirty work Not even included in caste system ▯ Families investigate backrounds ▯ Arranged marriages still exist somewhat ▯ Caste system attached to religion ▯ ▯ Sikhism: ▯ Larger than Judaism ▯ All of these people live in one Indian country- Punjab Over 90% of all Siks live here ▯ Not an ethnic religion- its universal ▯ Came from battles between Hinduism and islam Middle ground ▯ ▯ Jainism: ▯ Pro-life to the extreme Value the life of EVERYTHING ▯ ▯ Hinduism: ▯ Dominates the Earth ▯ One of the largest religions of the world ▯ Ethnic religion ▯ 3 largest religion on the world ▯ Oldest organized religion in the world Difficult to trace its origins ▯ Collection of various beliefs Multiple religions as one ▯ Polytheistic- many gods ▯ Monotheistic- one god ▯ Basic principles; Path of Knowledge Path of Renunciation Path of Devotion Path of Action( Karma ) ▯ As a hindu, you can chose your own path ▯ ▯ 2 main Deities: ▯ Vishnu- caretaker of the world Large percent of hindus follow ▯ Shiva-the destroyer (not satan) Good portion also follow shiva ▯ ▯ Supreme deity: brama (creator), but most do not worship Brama ▯ ▯ “Thug” comes from southasia culture ▯ “Thugies” groups of people following the deity to get rid of all evil ▯ ▯ Mt. Kailas- most sacred places in all of Hinduism Most holy Never been climbed- because it’s a sacred mountain Sacred because it is the earthly home of Shiva Gives birth to Ganges river o Makes Ganges river a sacred river o Ganges is one of the most polluted rivers in the world ▯ ▯ Islam: ▯ South asia has no Christian countries ▯ Islam forced its way in my governments and the armies ▯ -Vijayanagara ▯ -Mughal ▯ -matatha ▯ ▯ Languages: ▯ To main languages: Hindi and Urdu Very similar- but written different Spoken the same nd ▯ India: 2 largest country in the world(population) Languages of India: Hindi and English ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Status of Women: ▯ Very unfair treatment of women ▯ Dowrys ▯ ▯ ▯ SEPTEMBER 21, 2015 ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assignment 2 available ▯ Map quiz 2 Material available Includes asia, and pacific realm Quiz opens SEPT 28 ▯ Trivia lovers readings available ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Wrap up socio-economic geography ▯ Political geography Partitioning of south asia Effects of partitioning Kashmir Cricket diplomacy ▯ Sri Lanka ▯ Himalayan Countires ▯ ▯ Socialist reform: ▯ -Sri Lanka ▯ -Kerala State ▯ Socialism= Prosperity?? ▯ ▯ Southern Indians are better off ( Higher GDP, more money, more education) than Northern Indians ▯ ▯ India becoming leader in engineering and Technology ▯ ▯ Silicon Plateau: ▯ ▯ Political Geography: ▯ British mostly colonized south Asia, main colonizers ▯ Arrival of the British: ▯ Culture, legal system, ▯ When British left, what was there to do with south asia? South asia wasn’t divided, it was all one ▯ ▯ -Post WW2 Partitioning (dividing) ▯ Main people who pushed for one country: Gandhi ▯ Decided on 2 countries: India and Pakistan ▯ One for Hindus, one for Muslims ▯ ▯ Pakistan ▯ West and East(Bangladesh) Pakistan ▯ Peaceful movement of people because of religion ▯ ▯ East Pakistan Independence Became Bangladesh in 1971- independance India got involved-manipulated things ▯ Effects of partitioning: ▯ Mumbai One of the wealthiest cities in India Bollywood ▯ Kolkata Used to be the capital of british india Partitioning cut it off Bengal was split in half, then Kolkata was cut off Became extremely poor ▯ Assam: major tea producer of india Known for culture and dances Lightly populated Restrict internal immigration from other parts of india Trying to keep the cultural and demographic balance o Worried about change of demographic balance ▯ Kashmir: Should be concerned for Kashmir Princely states- local elites controlled this area o Hindu leader Kashmir has to choose: become part of India, or pakistan Wars between india and Pakistan ▯ 1974- india became a nuclear power ▯ 1998- Pakistan became a nuclear power ▯ ▯ Cricket: influenced by the British ▯ -Cricket and Imperialism: ▯ Prince Ranjitsinhiji- one of the best cricket player ▯ Ball and bat sport ▯ ▯ Friendship series: India vs Pakistan in Cricket ▯ ▯ Sri Lanka: ▯ Island right of the coast of south india ▯ Buddhist country ▯ Longest practitioner of Buddhism in the world ▯ ▯ Tamils- moved in Sri Lanka ▯ Tamil Tigers- fought against ▯ ▯ ▯ SEPTEMBER 23, 2015: ▯ Announcments: Assignment 2 now available due oct 7 ▯ Map quiz 2 Material available, Asia, and pacific realm Opens sept 28 ▯ Trivia lovers reading available ▯ Assignment 1 grades available ▯ Outline: ▯ Southeast asi Himalayan countries Maldives ▯ Northeast asia Defining reliegions Physical geography o Rivers o Chinese civilization o Islands ▯ ▯ Himalayan Countries: High elevation, landlocked, tend to be ignored Nepal- 8 of the 10 tallest mountains are in Napal o Collection of old kingdoms- Gorkha Kingdom o Prithvi Naranyan Shah- united the states (Father of united nepal) o Unification of different ethnic groups o April 2015 Earthquake: 7.3 scale Mt Everest 29,029ft- tallest mt on earth Littered with garbage, littered with people High crime area Bhutan-Buddhist country o Isolated, because it wants to be left alone o Last country to have internet, and tv o Policy: Gross national happiness: measures happiness o Chimi Lhakhang: madman monk claiming he could cure infertility. Temple devoted to him. …wooden penises…? ▯ Maldives: collection of islands, SW of India High GDP Honeymoon spot for wealthy Threatened by climate change, ocean levels ▯ ▯ EAST ASIA: ▯ Northeast asia: korea, japan, ▯ Physical geography ▯ Rivers of East Asia: (Tibetan Plateau-rooftop of the world o Indus, Ganges) Huang River- yellow river, color of river only at a certain point upstream- color of soil, (loess)- o North Chinas major river Yangtze River: South Chinas major river o Longest river in asia o Landscape made of limestone Three Gourges Dam o 2 ndlargest hydroelectric dam o Dams caused farmers to move, and factories shut down Rivers prone to flooding o All highest flooding tradgedies are in China ▯ ▯ China:thargest county in the world by pop (4 largest country by area) 2nd largest economy in the world Qin dynasty- first dynasty to unify china Concept: “Whoever controls the rivers, controls china” Chinese Culture Chinese Inventions- “The 4 Great inventions” o Compass o Gunpowder o Paper o (Woodblock) Printing Population centered around two rivers (above) ▯ ▯ SEPT 25 ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assignment 2 due oct 7 ▯ Map quiz 2 opens sept 28, Monday ▯ Trivia lovers readings online ▯ South Asia study guide available ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Chinese Pop ▯ Physical Geography Islands Impact of mountains East Asian Deserts ▯ Cultural Geography Buddhism Other Religions ▯ ▯ Chinese Population Eastern 1/3- best farmland Policy of Birth Planning- One Child Policy o Couples only permitted one child o Exception_ only applies to the majority ethnic group (Han Chinese) o IF you are a minority, you are exempt from policy o If you are an only child, you can have two children o Boys are preferred over girls. Boys take care of the parents ▯ ▯ Japan: ▯ Japanese Islands Mountains are central, forcing people to live in certain places Kanto Plain: o Mt Fuju- Tallest mt in Japan, and a volcano o Kanto Plain, largest plain in Japan- most populated 40 million people live here Tokyo o Kansai Plain: rd 3 major cities: Osaka( 3 largest city in the world), Kyoto( historic) & Kobe ( industrial City) Japan builds artificial islands Kansai International Airport [Osaka] Most expensive airports in the world Trying to keep it from sinking o Tokyo Subways: Mt Fuji- tallest in Japan o Sacred Mountain o Forest around Fuji is top places for suicides o Saving Face- (Suicide) Honorable thing to do o Volcano Japan and Earthquakes: o Great Hanshin earthquake (jan 17, 1995) o Tohoku Earthquake 11 march 2011 Earthquake and tsunami 9.0 ranking, one of the top 5 biggest earthquakes Volcanoes: o Sakurajima- grown from an island and is connected to other land o Baektu Mountain-North Korea- tallest mt in the Korean peninsula ▯ ▯ Taiwan: Similar pattern to Japan and Korea- eastern mts push people to the west Taipei is a city close to Jade mountain- tallest mt in east asia ( not including mt Everest) ▯ ▯ East Asian Deserts: Gobi Desert- largest in Asia o Rocky desert o Mongolia/ China TaklaMakan- lose translation- once you come in, you don’t come out o Impossible to go through o Not sand- SNOW. o A cold desert ▯ ▯ Typhoons: Common in Taiwan One of the most active places for typhoons ▯ ▯ ▯ September 28: ▯ Announcements: Assign 2 due oct 7 ▯ Map quiz now available ▯ Some assignments grades ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Religions in NE Asia Buddhism Religious minorities ▯ Languages Impact of Chinese languages Japanese and Korean ▯ Cultural Impact of Society Businesses Daily Life Popular Culture Cultural Geography: Buddhism- very old religion Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism is a universalizing religion Try to convert people to Buddhism Believes in ONE supreme creator o Not Buddha- he is only a messenger The Eight Fold Path- paths you must take to reach enlightenment The Four Noble Truths- what forms the foundation of Buddhism o 1. Life is suffering o 2. Suffering is caused by desire o 3. There is a way to end cycle of suffering o 4. You must follow the Eight Fold Path Buddhism began in Nepal, but Sri Lanka was the first to keep it o Japan was one of the last to accept it o Originated in India- same as Hinduism Theravade Buddhism- Oldest of the Three Main branches o Southeast Asia-Thailand area o The difference: how to break the cycle of enlightenment- believe you must be reincarnated Mahayana Buddhism- Largest branch by population, youngest of the three branches o Northeast Asia- Koreas, China, o Believe you can reach Enlightenment in one lifetime Vajrayana (Tantrayana) Buddhism- the smallest in numbers o Tibetan Buddhism, also found in Mongolia o Withdraws from society- give up material positions, live a simple life o More associated with adala lama ▯ ▯ Islam ( in China): Northeast asia Silk Roads- roads used to trade long ago Mostly in China Ningxia region o Hui People- minority Ethnic/ Han Chinese Muslim, but speak chinese and live in china Xinjiang Region o Uyghur People- defined by ethnicity- TURKIC!! Majority group here Muslim ▯ Christianity in South Korea: More Christians in South Korea than any other religion ▯ ▯ Shinto: ethnic religion of Japan More of a way of life Explains where they come from Believes spirit is found in all things ( natural things- rivers, mountains, etc) ▯ ▯ Religions: Taoism- developed by Lao Tzu o Passive religion- just going with the flow Confucianism- o A philosophy o Dictates social relationships Who rules over who: Kings over servants, etc. The rulers are the ones in control, Kings, etc are blamed for problems, natural disasters o Influence of Confucianism: Respect of people older than you Cleanliness Importance of Education ▯ ▯ Languages: Chinese is the number one spoken language ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ September 30, 2105: ▯ Announcments: Assignment 2 due October 7, Staple ALL of them together ▯ Map quiz 2 available ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Language Impacts of Chinese languages Japanese and Korean ▯ Cultural Impact on Society Businesses Food Customs ▯ Popular Culture ▯ Political Geography Japan vs. everyone Two china’s ▯ ▯ ▯ Chinese: ▯ ▯ Japanese: ▯ Difference between two different alphabets? One is used for Japanese origin words, another is used for foreign words. ▯ ▯ Korean: No other language related to Korean Language isolate ▯ ▯ Keiretsu Everything controlled by one person/corporation Ex: Mitsubishi- there is a bank, a trading house/corporation, and car/ship/ material manufacturer o Many companies are under the ‘umbrella’ of the Mitsubishi company ▯ Chaebols: Ex; Samsung, LG, Hyundai, etc o These control about 95% of economy in japan? o Everything is connected to something else ▯ ▯ Driving IN Japan: Japan drives on the Left side of the road Left side driving comes from samurai- they would walk on the left side, not the right side, and people followed o Their sword would be on the left side, so they wouldn’t bump swords ▯ ▯ Food Customs: Eat the whole fish Share drinks Food is a social thing Koreans don’t enjoy the “invividual” theme of fast food Argue over who pays the bill ▯ ▯ ▯ FRIDAY October 2, 2015 ▯ EXAM: Monday October 12 ▯ ▯ Japan: ▯ Known for innovating things ▯ Japanese Emperor- not the leader ▯ ▯ Modernization of Japan: Closed off to the world for hundreds of years 1800s- US broke open Japan o began to modernize, and adopted western styles and copied actions ▯ ▯ Japanese Empire: Began to spread outwards and colonize Brutal Empire ▯ Japan and Its neighbors: Yasukini shrine- represents the fallen warriors who protected the emperor Territory conflict beyond its boundaries o East sea/ sea of japan o Islands o Dokdo/takashima ▯ Japan and its people: Ainu: the ‘native americans’ of Japan o Minority, looked down upon Okinawans: o Japan territory Victims of atomic bombs o Thought of as no longer Japanese o The Hibakusha- bomb survivors o Discriminated against ▯ Discrimination in Japan ▯ Japan is loosing population ▯ ▯ ▯ China: ▯ Huang river Valley ▯ 4 Dynasty’s: 1. Qin: o first time that China was unified in north and south civilizations o Didn’t last long, but it unified 2. Han: o point where most Chinese trace their origins to 3. Ming: o well known internationally o height of Chinese power o At is strongest in the Ming Dynasty 4. Ch’ing Dynasty: o last dynasty of China lasted until 1911 o Last emperor who came to power was 9 years old ▯ Secret Societies: “Men of the mountain” Known as the Traids today Chiang Kai-shek o Early chinese president, part of the secret society o ▯ ▯ Taiwan 2 chinas; o china, and republic of china( AKA Taiwan) o Republic of China: Fled to island of Taiwan in 1949- led by Chaing Kai shek Recognized by 22 countries o Peoples republic of China: Aka china Communists Widespread recognition in 1970s ▯ ▯ ▯ OCTOBER 5, 2015 ▯ Assignment 2 due- done ▯ EXAM OCT 12 ▯ ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Southeast asia Physical geography o Rivers and islands o Ring of fire 2004 tsunami volcanoes o deforestation population geography o urban primacy o Myanmar and diversity ▯ ▯ ▯ Southeast Asia ▯ Physical geography: 2 areas- Mekong River- important river because os fishing, agriculture, and culturally significant ▯ Rivers and Southeast Asia: Rivers begin in the Himalayas o Irrawaddy river- important to Myanmar o Cho Phraya, Thailand ▯ Islands: Have rivers, but people live all over, rivers don’t bring populations to those areas ▯ Indonesia: 17,000 islands, but much of the population live on only TWO islands largest country in the region in population and area Volcanic soils it what matters Sumatra- largest Indonesian island o Known for earthquakes Borneo- largest island in the region o Divide- Malaysia and brulae o Created through plate tectonics o Largest cave systems ▯ Phillippine Islands: Northern volcanoes are somewhat active Very active plate- Philippine tectonic plate o Much of the islands along fault lines Ring of fire- outlined of the countries surrounding the pacific ocean ▯ 2004 Tsunami: Tsunami- Japanese term 9.1 scale affected entire Indian ocean basin ▯ Volcanoes: Mt. Pinatube- filled with water o Last erupted in 1991 o 2 nd largest/ loudest eruption (1 was mount Helen) o Shut down airbase due to ash o Carried ash all the way to veitnam o Caused entire worlds temperature average to drop half a degree Krakatau o Cooled earth by 2 degrees o Affected the worlds climate o Erupted 1883 o Island is coming back ▯ Deforestation: Northern part of Thailand Banned commercial logging Logging now takes place in Laos o Laos is one of the poorest countries in all of asia Malaysia and Indonesia: Largest national park- Kutai National Park ( Indonesia) ▯ Population Geography: Primate cities- largest city is MANY times larger than the second largest city Bangkok has nearly 4 times largest pop than second largest city Bangkok full name: Kuala Lumpur ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Wednesday October 7 ▯ EXAM OCT 12 ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Pop geography Pop trends ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ RNI- rate of natural increase Birthrates and death rates ▯ Migration rates- rates of migration in and out ▯ Practice of birth control ▯ East Timor- poorer country Poorer countries tend to have higher birth rate ▯ Laos- poorest country in the region ▯ ▯ Main driving force for population trends- religion and economics ▯ ▯ Indonesia- largest Muslim country in the world by population Java(most populated island)Trying to get the population to spread throughout the country on to the other Indonesian islands. Transmigration- process of moving people from a heavily populated island to a less populated island. ▯ ▯ Myanmar (Burma?) Ethnically diverse ▯ Internal division of Myanmar Broken into states Rohingyas o State of Rakhine o Muslims o Place where Buddhist are attacking Muslims ▯ ▯ The Golden Triangle: Opium/herion producer Huge trade center( for heroin) ▯ ▯ Regime change in Maynmar Saffron rebellion o Monks attacked by state police Cultural Geography: ▯ No dominate religion in southeast asia ▯ Ancient Kingdoms ▯ 3 major influences: ▯ 1. South Asian influence came mostly from Hinduism influenced writing styles architectural styles ▯ 2. Chinese Influence: mainland part of southeast Asian influence Veitnam has had the most influence from china ▯ 3. Islamic Infulence: mostly the islands Came through the merchants trading in the spice islands ▯ ▯ Christianity: ▯ 2 main countries: Philippines and east timor Philippines was a Spanish colony ▯ Religions Clashes: ▯ Teorrist groups ▯ Jemaah Islamiyah-(JI) Just want sharia law Want to make the laws ▯ Abu Sayyaf- Want each place to control its own religion Kidnap tourists ▯ ▯ Southeast Asian Languages ▯ Veitnamese: Latin/roman alphabet Influenced by Europeans ▯ Malaysian/Indonesian Same language ▯ ▯ ▯ October 9, 2015 ▯ Political Geography French indo-China Vietnamese war o Impact on Laos and Cambodia o Impact on Thailand Piracy in southeast asia Malaysia and Singapore ▯ ▯ ▯ Political geography: ▯ Indonesia was never colonized ▯ ▯ Viet Nam: ▯ war ▯ ▯ Laos: ▯ Bombed more than viet nam ▯ ▯ Cambodia: ▯ The killing fields ▯ ▯ Thailand: ▯ Only country not colonized ▯ Effect on Thailand ▯ Prostitution- land of sex ▯ HIV ▯ ▯ Rural-Urban Divide: ▯ Yellow shirts- urban ellite- color of the king ▯ ▯ 2014 Military Coup: ▯ military controls Thailand ▯ ▯ Indonesia ▯ Minangkabau- society where women are more powerful than men ▯ Papua- completely separated ▯ ▯ Indonesia is a poor country ▯ Pirates/piracy is active Strait of Malacca ▯ ▯ Malaysia: ▯ Created by british in late 1950s ▯ Brunei- one of the richest countries in the world ▯ ▯ Singapore- was part of Malaysia- not anymore ▯ = ▯ ▯ North Asia 10/14/2015 ▯ ▯ Question: ▯ 1. By native speaker, what are the five most commonly spoken languages in the world? Mandarin Spanish English Hindi/Urdu Arabic ▯ Central and North Asia: Russian Realm Russian was part of the Soviet Union The 15 republics of the Soviet Union: -Mongols: Nomadic -Uyghur’s: -Afghanistan Origin of Russian People Ethnic group Kievan Rus o Vikings o Slavs ▯ ▯ Mongolia: ▯ Mongol Empire: Largest continuous empire Genghis Khan- started the empire United all of central and north asia From Korea and China, all the way into Europe, to present day Iran Broke up into states ▯ ▯ Russian States Ivan the Terrible (means “the Great” in Russia) o St. Basil’s Cathedral Eastern otrthodox Church ▯ Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine ▯ Bellarussians- white Russian ▯ Russian- Last to develop ▯ Ukranians- original settlers Russian Language Slavic Language Cyrillic ▯ Russian Orthodox Church Most influential ▯ ▯ The Soviet Union ▯ 1920s-1990s ▯ Largest country ever ▯ First four: Russian SFSR Byelorussian SSR Ukrainian SSR Transcaucasian SFSR o (Became): o Armenian SSR o Azerbaijan SSR o Georgian SSR ▯ ▯ The Russian Federation: ▯ Russification: Attempt to move Russian people to the other republics ▯ OCT 19 ▯ Assignment 3: ▯ 3.2 religious map of Europe ▯ 4.1 (the disappearing sea) ▯ 11.1 (geographies of economic production) ▯ ▯ Taiga vs tundra ▯ Taiga: Siberia Forest type Largest forest type ▯ Tundra: Treeless plains Hard grass/ land Very barren ▯ Steppes: Habitable treeless plain More of a grassland ▯ Siberia: Summer temp 68-72 Winter temp 0- -40 Permafrost- frozen and refrozen land Rasputitsa- o ‘the muddy season’ o the roads turn to mud ▯ Lake Baikal: In eastern Russia/ and Siberia Rift lake Cleanest water in the world The deepest lake in the world Maybe the oldest? 20% of the worlds freshwater is found in this lake ▯ Population: Most people live on the European side Warmest area This area was the central area, but then expanded west o No one moved there ▯ Population in Highlands: ▯ Tarim Basin ▯ ▯ Fergana Valley; Most fertile region in all of central Asia ▯ ▯ October 21: ▯ Announcments: Assign. #3 Map Quiz 3 net week o Europe Assign 2 not graded yet ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Physical Geography Caspian and Aral Sea Chernobly ▯ Political Geography Russians eastwards expansion Downfall of Soviet Union (USSR) Unification attempts o Moldova o Belarus ▯ ▯ Azerbaijani Oil Lots of natural gas Money from oil went to Soviet Union o Not good for aserbaijan ▯ ▯ Caspian Sea: Lots of oil for ajer. Not really a sea o Not connected to the ocean Technically a lake Largest lake in the world (Surface area) Theory that it was once connected to oceans Oil drilling pollutes water bodies Pollution affects Caspian sea Pollution affects businesses o Fishing o Sturgeon- a fish valued for its eggs Caviar Oil drilling affects the caviar business ▯ AralKum Desert formed from former Aral Sea (technically a lake) About 40 years old ▯ Aral Sea Also technically a lake Once was 4 largest lake Impacted people Rivers fueling the lake have been cut off The water is not useful o Salt level increases o Useless to humans, plants and animals ▯ ▯ Chernobyl: Well known nuclear catastrophe Human caused explosion 1986 present day Ukraine workers lived in a town next to the plant o town was called Pripyat Workers left three days after the explosion Animals and plants continue to survive Belarus most directly impacted ▯ ▯ Political Geography: ▯ Russia Largest country in the world 11 time zones expanded east, towards Pacific Volga River- eastern boundary of Russian Empire First expansion- Ural Mountains Sea of Okhotsk o It freezes Vladivostok- doesn’t freeze o Warm water port ▯ Russian Conflicts- British Afiganistan was created as a buffer state ▯ Russian Conflicts- Japan ▯ Russian Conflicts -China Different vison of communisum ▯ ▯ Issues with Soviet Union Philosophical war Cold War o Cuban missial crisis Proxy wards, no direct wars Novaya Zemlya- new land/area Zara Bomb- biggest/ strongest bomb created and tested ▯ ▯ End of the Soviet Union Ronald Regan o Forced Soviets 5 reasons of downfall: o 1. Afganistan War o 2. Economic trouble limited trading state controlled everything o 3. Mikhail Gorbachev leader of all 15 republics had 2 ideas attack economic problem (perestroika) glasnost- being more open o 4. Ethnic Dissention o 5. 1991 coup attempt to overthrow Gorbachev Person who stopped it: the president of Russia This transferred power to the republics, and not soviet union ▯ Lithuania- first to become indepentant/ republic ▯ ▯ ▯ October 23, Friday ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assign 3 due Monday nov 3 ▯ Map quiz 3 next week Outline: Political Geography Unification attempts o Moldova o Belarus Separatism o Georgia o Ukraine o Azerbaijan/ Armenia o Russia Afghanistan ▯ ▯ Lithuania: ▯ Highest suicide rate in Europe ▯ ▯ Estonia: ▯ First to adopt the Euro ▯ ▯ Moldova: ▯ Carved from Romania ▯ Russians have history ▯ Very poor compared to everyone else ▯ Trying to rejoin Romania ▯ ▯ Belarus: ▯ Three original cores of Russian custom ▯ ▯ Georgia: Part of southwest asia? Issues with Abkhazia and South Ossetia Ukraine: Wheat is traded with European Union Black sea is a crossroad between Europe, middle east and Russia Focal point of power ▯ Crimea: ▯ Russia invaded ▯ Crimean Tartars Ethnic Muslim group Kicked out of Crimea Returned, then kicked out again ▯ Trans-Dniester ▯ ▯ Armenia: ▯ Christian ▯ Home to first church in the world ▯ Oldest branch of Christianity ▯ First to officially adopt Christianity as a state ▯ The Great Crime: First genocide of the 20 century th ▯ ▯ Russia and Chechnya: ▯ Different in languages and religion ▯ *Chechnya was not a republic!!* ▯ Russia bombed Grozny, Chechnya- they (Russia) were angry ▯ Grozny was once the most destroyed city in the world ▯ Chechnya used terrorism to fight back Form of warfare Beslin- city Solntsevskaya Bratva- various criminal organizations in Russia o Most dangerous in the world Arms dealing Auto theft Contract killings drug trafficking Extorotion Money laundering Oil deals Prostitustion Stolen art Trading nuclear material ▯ ▯ Monday October 26 ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assignment 3 due November 2, Monday ▯ Map quiz 3 available ▯ Exam #3 date: FRIDAY November 6 ▯ ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Afganistan Ethnic Diversity Opium Trade ▯ Europe Physical Geography o Physographic Regions o Ring of Seas Economic Geography o Feudal System ▯ ▯ ▯ Land of Afgans? ▯ Opium in Afganistan ▯ Traditional Routes Opium routes o Traditional middle eastern route Has been shut down Iran doesn’t want the drugs passing through their country. Taliban Europe: Region defined by European Union(EU) Croatia- newest in EU 48 countries in EU Europe is a peninsula of Asia Defined as a continent Tallest mt in Euope Mt Everest ▯ Longest river Volga river o In Russia? ▯ Iceland? No- icy, but not as you would think ▯ ▯ North Atlantic Drift: Warm water drift London is warmer in the winter than New york ▯ European lowlands Some hills Mostly low and flat Home to the largest population A lot of industrial activity happens here Agriculture relies on rivers ▯ Alpine System Southern Europe MTs: The alps, Apennines, Balkan, Pyrenees, Carpathian Alps as a barrier o Hinder ▯ Central Uplands Terrible for agriculture Limits of Ice Cap o Builtup of rocks and mineral Coal and iron ore found in central uplands Material for manufacturing found here, busy area for manufacturing ▯ Western Highlands Rugged Oldest rocks in the world Spectacular landscape ▯ **Fjords- deep narrow body of water made by glaciers ▯ ▯ ▯ Wednesday October 28, 2015 ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assign 3 due Monday nov 2, ▯ Office hours extended: Tomorrow 9:30-10:30, and Friday 2- 3pm ▯ Map quiz 3 available- done ▯ Exam 3 – Friday Nov 6 ▯ ▯ ▯ Todays outline: ▯ Physical Geography Rings of Seas Natural Hazards ▯ Economic Geography Rise and Fall of Feudal Systems Capitalism’s ascension Industrial Revolution and Age of Discovery Geography of Manufacturing ▯ ▯ Ring of Seas: ▯ Mediteranian Sea Strait of Gibraltar- British territory Whoever controls striat of Gib. Controls Mediterranean sea, which controls Europe North Africa was important to manufacturing Climate: o Temparate and very dry o Pretty average- ever very cold/hot o Wine production mirrored by this climate type Wineries on southeast facing slopes- gets most sun on the northern hem. Southern Europe- major wine producers- thanks to climate ▯ North Sea ▯ Sealand: a country created on an abandoned sea fort ▯ Independent from britian ▯ ▯ Natural Hazards: ▯ Earthquakes in this area- (sea of rings) ▯ Iceland is active for earthquakes ▯ Volcanoes: Mt. Etna, Italy Iceland o Disrupted air travel ▯ ▯ Economic Geography: ▯ One type of economy to another ▯ Agriculture and Feudal System Economic concept based off of property, not actual work lords: owners of land o workers had to give back the crops they grew on the lords land no surplus ▯ Aristocrats and Serft Controllers of land, and workers on the land ▯ Feudal Cities: Lucca Italy ▯ Development of Guilds: System of education Learn though a master ▯ Yersinia Pestis- Bubonic Plague ▯ Pope Gregory IX- orders the kill of all cats, which increases rodents Rodents carried fleas, which carried the plague ▯ Impact of Plague Started dec 1347 ▯ Likely gave birth to capitalism Control of goods and services Depended on wealth Merchants brought it up, started in Italy ▯ New Ideologies: New ideas and theories Copernicus o Heliocentric Universe o Jailed for thinking this Protestant Reformation o People became educated and started learning new ideas and theories ▯ ▯ United Kingdom: 4 counties: England, Wales, Scotland, and northern Ireland ▯ Industrial Revolution Switch from Agr. To manufacturing ▯ ▯ Inanimate Energy: ▯ Non tireing energy ▯ Water energy ▯ Coal ▯ ▯ Technological Innovations ▯ Early inventions focused on agriculture ▯ ▯ Portugal: ▯ EU member ▯ Starting point of age of discovery ▯ Colonialism ▯ Wealth is power ▯ Mercantilism- idea of having cololnies and transerfing what happens in the colonies to Europe ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Friday October 30 ▯ Accouncments: Assignment 3 due Monday- done ▯ Map quiz due today- done ▯ Exam 3 next Friday ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Economic Geography European agriculture Geography of manufacturing ▯ Political geography Rise of nationalism Unifications of Italy and Germany Yugoslavia Separatism in Europe ▯ ▯ Agriculture- wheat ▯ Europe falls within the wheat belt ▯ Agruculture –potatos Europe is the largest potato producer o Poland-worlds leader in potato production ▯ European Manufacturing: ▯ 3 main man. zones ▯ 1.) Northern European Lowlands southern England concentrated around Rotterdam Netherlands, north France, southern england, belgium area Rotterdam is one of the top busiest ports in the world ▯ 2.) Upper Rhine/ Alsace- Lorraine porshe located here concentration of automobile manufactueres ▯ 3.) Italy EU member Po river valley- manufacturing zone o Major manufacturing Region for Italy o Largest open flat area in all of italy ▯ Lega Nord ▯ ▯ Political Geography: ▯ Kingdoms of Europe ▯ Nation state Country- state of similar people San Marino: Vatican City- Seat of roman catholic church ▯ Monaco: ▯ One of the richest countires in the world ▯ ▯ Germany: ▯ EU Member ▯ ▯ WW1: ▯ Spain was neutral ▯ ▯ Yugoslavia: ▯ “Slavs of the south” ▯ ▯ Monday November 2, ▯ Announcment: Assign 3 due today ▯ Exam 3 Friday ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Political Geography Yugoslavia Separitism in Europe o Kosovo o Catalonia and basque o Scotland ▯ European Union Formation Pros o Single currency o Schengen Agreement Cons o Immagration concerns o Regional differences ▯ ▯ ▯ Yugoslavia: ▯ Ethnic Diversity: Josipi Broz Tito- the dictator in Yugoslavia ▯ 7 neighbors ▯ 6 republics ▯ 5 nationalities/ ethnicities ▯ 4 official languages ▯ 3 different religions ▯ 2 alphabets ▯ 1 dinar (money system) ▯ ▯ Break up of Yugoslavia: ▯ 1990 ▯ ▯ Bosnia and Herzegovina: Place that’s not one ethnic group No Bosnian language United be religion- majority muslim Balkanization- the region known as the Balkan region o When a county or region breaks along ethnic lines ▯ SERBIA: ▯ Leftover of Yugoslavia ▯ Muslims- 40% ▯ Serfs- 30% ▯ Ethnic cleansing Moving out an ethnic group ▯ ▯ Kosovo: Independent country ▯ ▯ Spain: EU Member Spanish Nationalism o Many types and dialects of Spanish Catalonia o Common language o Basque Random- where did it come from? ETA- terrorist group o Wants independence for basque ▯ Scotland Separatism group Country part of the UK ▯ ▯ European Union: ▯ Six Original Countries ▯ Belgium ▯ France ▯ Italy ▯ Luxemburg ▯ Netherlands ▯ West Germany ▯ --*Which of the following was NOT an original EU country? * Spain or UK ▯ European steel and oil union? ▯ EU- #1 economy in the world ▯ ▯ US – European labor differences: US Minimum wage is lower European labor unions are more powerful Choice of capital over labor in US Higher Wage disparity in US Unemployment is higher in Europe ▯ ▯ Strengths of EU (European Union) ▯ Euro- not used everywhere in Europe ▯ 1 Euro = $1.10 ▯ ▯ Schengen Agreement: Freedom of movement around Europe Opened borders ▯ ▯ Problems in EU: ▯ Greece: Center of civilization Bad economy ▯ ▯ November 4, 2015 ▯ Announcments: ▯ EXAM 3 on Friday _BOOK READINGS ▯ Assignment 4 Choose 2 of three o Ex 1.3 Defining regions o Ex. 2.3 soccer and exporting latin American talent o Ex 10.2 isalnd migration ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ European Union Immigration concerns Regional differences ▯ Languages Spatial Variations Belgian differences ▯ Religion Spread of Christianty Three branches of Christianity Ireland ▯ ▯ ▯ Immigration concerns ▯ Migration into “Fortress Europe” South Asia Carribean West Africa Turkey ▯ Immigration and Europe ▯ Soccer and Europe ▯ ▯ Romania: EU Member ▯ Pig farming in Romania Family farms ▯ Cultural Geography: ▯ ▯ Religion: ▯ ▯ Albania Rare muslim countries in Europe ▯ Iceland Elfs live in nature o Huldufòlk ▯ Christianity: ▯ Began in middle east ▯ Spread through relocation diffution Missionaries ▯ Univeralising religion Seeking converts ▯ **Roman cathomicism: MOSTLY IN SOUTH ▯ ▯ Seven sacraments: ▯ 1. baptism ▯ 2. confirmation ▯ 3. eucharisy ▯ 4.penance ▯ 5.anointing the sick ▯ 6.holy orders ▯ 7.matrimony ▯ ▯ This is the way of salvation ▯ ▯ Eastern Orthodox ▯ ▯ Protestantism ▯ Faith is what dictated salvation ▯ ▯ William the Orange First to adopt prodestantism ▯ ▯ Pacific Realm 11/09/2015 ▯ Monday November 9, 2015 ▯ ▯ Annouoncments: ▯ Assignment 4 Choose 2 of three exercises Due Friday, November 20 ▯ Map quiz #4 available November 30 ▯ ▯ Outline ▯ Pacific Realm Physical Geography o Austria and Zealand o Island Surroundings Cultural Geography o Population migration o Europeans show up ▯ Assignments: ▯ Ex: 1.3 –defining regions North America Characteristics of regions -create a survey ▯ Ex 2.3- south American soccer Teams who have participated in the soccer world cup the most vs. the least Origins of the players ▯ Ex 11.2 Island Migration Web address is incorrect- link on canvas ▯ ▯ ▯ Pacific Realm ▯ Australia and new Zealand And a lot of tiny countries ▯ Includes Hawaii ▯ ▯ Physical Geography ▯ Australia: ▯ Capital: Canberra ▯ #1 here in pop. Area, etc. ▯ Very isolated ▯ Western Australia- large desert ▯ Outback: all of the rural area ▯ Very dry ▯ ▯ Perth- maybe one of the most isolated cities in the world No other large cities near it ▯ Great barrier reef Largest in the world Very protected The coral sea ▯ Tasmania An island Cold- gets snowfall o Similar to southern Canada Tasmanian devil ▯ ▯ New Zealand ▯ Two islands: north island and south island North island: smaller area, but bigger population South island: bigger area, smaller pop ▯ Tallest mountain in NZ- Aoraki (was once called Mt. Cook) Giant glacier ▯ Fjords mostly known here ▯ North Island: ▯ Nice climate ▯ Volcanoes ▯ ▯ Pacific Islands: ▯ 3 broad characteristics ▯ 1. Micronesia: small islands oceanic islands- formed out of the ocean atolls: ring shaped islands o created after volcano stops erupting ▯ 2. Melanesia: Largest of the three Island sizes Continental islands Continental rock and soil o At some point- these islands were connected “dark islands”-references skin color ▯ 3. Polynesia: everything else all islands east of 180 degrees (the international date line) poly- ‘many’ attached by culture lighter skinned in comparison to Melanesians. ▯ ▯ Wednesday November 11 ▯ Announcements: ▯ Map quiz 4 available November 30 ▯ The final is Exam 4 ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Cultural Geography Population migration Europeans show up Indigenous populations today ▯ Political Geography Colonialism Hawaiian independence Environmental politics ▯ ▯ Cultural Geography ▯ ▯ New Zealand- likely the last place to be inhabited by humans ▯ ▯ Population: ▯ ▯ Easter Island: (Rapa Nui) ▯ Giant heads Mysteries of the world ▯ ▯ Europeans: ▯ James Cook ▯ Abel Tasman ▯ ▯ Land of Immigrants ▯ ▯ Indigenous people Original people in Australia o In the outback ▯ People of New Zealand: ▯ ▯ Aoraki: tallest mountain ▯ Tales of ‘big brothers’ creating the mountain ▯ Cultural ▯ ▯ Aotearoa- aoraki name for new Zealand ▯ All new zealands sports team perform war dances before a game ▯ ▯ Fiji: ▯ Colonized by British ▯ ▯ Resentment of Indians in Fiji ▯ ▯ Papua New Guinea ▯ Seen as poorest country in world ▯ Former german colony Lost it after WW1 ▯ Richest mines in the world located here ▯ Not because: 1. The mines are difficult to get to o rugged, tough physical geography 2. Many corporations are Australian o austrailians do the extraction, so the money goes to Australia ▯ New guineas ▯ -most diverse place on earth ▯ -1100 different languages related to ethnic groups ▯ ▯ Korowai Traditional culture May or may not practice cannabilism o Likely once was a punishment thing ▯ ▯ Pitcairn Islands: ▯ A territory of London ▯ Part of UK ▯ Least populated territory/country on earth (56 people!!!) ▯ But not smallest in area ▯ ▯ Ancestors of polonesian people ▯ ▯ ▯ Political geography ▯ ▯ Colonialism ▯ Done by Germany, bristish, us ▯ ▯ ▯ Friday November 13 ▯ Announcments: ▯ Assignment 4 due Friday November 20 Will accept in cclass on Monday ▯ Quiz 4 opens nov 30. ▯ Outline: Political Geography Hawaiian separatism Environmental polictics ▯ Social Geography Language and local identity Geography of disease Flags of convenience ▯ ▯ ▯ Hawai’i ▯ The only US state with a non-white majority Most people are Asian ▯ Hawaii was a kingdom ▯ Queen lili’uokalani Signed away her land and power to protect her people Gave Hawaii to US ▯ Article 73 of UN Charter Let the people of your controlled territory decide for themselves ▯ US never gave Hawaii a chance ▯ State aug 21, 1959 Last state of US ▯ UNGA resolution of 1514 ▯ Hawaii sees themselves that they were never given a chance at self determination Marshall Islands: Mostly atolls (island rings) Bikini atoll: people once lived there o Bombed the atoll (with no people on it) o Castle bravo- largest weapon US ever tested ▯ Nuclear Testing Many tests in pacific Kiribati: Likely will be the First island to disappear due to climate change International date Line: 180 degrees Roughly ▯ Go West across date line= add one day ▯ Go East across date line= subtract a day ▯ ▯ Used to go straight though pacific ▯ Now is tweaked around kitibati ▯ Now is the furthest place east ▯ ▯ Impact of Global Warming ▯ ▯ Kyoto Protocol Attempt to curve carbon emmisions ▯ Socioeconomic Geography Hawaii Large number of millionaires Poverty is high here Spam in Hawaii HA is the number one comsumer of spam in US Cheap Poverty surrounds native Hawaiians Kamehameha schools Exclusive to native Hawaiians 1. promotes native culture Teach language, heritage, culture, etc ▯ 2. To bring the native people up socially, economically, and trying to get them out of poverty ▯ ▯ Local language ▯ Pidgin Doesn’t follow basic rules Communication between two people that don’t speak the same language Became a real language in HI ▯ ▯ Income Disparities ▯ ▯ Mining is bad for the land ▯ ▯ Nauru Has no capital Cleaned out the island for phosphorus Lots of processed food 75% obese o highest rate of type 2 diabetes ▯ ▯ November 16, 2015 ▯ Announcmenets: ▯ Map quiz 4 available on 30 november ▯ ▯ Outline: ▯ Pacific Realm Flags of convenience ▯ Latin America Defining region Physical Geography o Mexico City o Volcano Axis o Andes Mountains El Nino ▯ ▯ ▯ Latin America ▯ Latin- language of ancient rome Person born of living in Latin America ▯ ▯ How do we define Latin America? ▯ *** ▯ ▯ Physical Landscape: ▯ Mexico is dominated by mountains ▯ ▯ Mexico: ▯ Mexican Altiplano Large plane area between mts. ▯ Mexico City: worst air quality in all of Americas Thermal Inversion o The mountains form a bowl shape, and cause a boundary to keep the pollution from escaping above the mountains ▯ Subsidence: sinking ▯ MC sits on an Aquifer ▯ ▯ ▯ Cocos Plate- most impactive ▯ ▯ Volcanic Axis ▯ Earthquakes ▯ ▯ Valdiva Earthquake (1960) ▯ 9.5 scale ▯ Caused a tsunami in pacific ocen ▯ ▯ Andes Mountains nd ▯ 2 tallest mt range in the world ▯ ▯ Tallest mt in andes: Aconcagua ▯ 2 nd tallest: Ojos del Salado ▯ ▯ Penitentes: Ice sword shaped structures ▯ Sun melts snow in a particular way ▯ ▯ Lake Titicaca-worlds navigable highest Lake Can take large boats on it ▯ La Paz Bolivia- highest capital of the world ▯ ▯ Altitudinal Zonation- as you go up in altitude, things change climatically ??
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'