New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Class Notes and Worksheets from Crull's Listening to Music Class FHSU

by: Aubree Broyles

Class Notes and Worksheets from Crull's Listening to Music Class FHSU 161

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > Music > 161 > Class Notes and Worksheets from Crull s Listening to Music Class FHSU
Aubree Broyles
GPA 3.8

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes and Worksheets from Crull's Listening to Music Class FHSU
Listening to Music
Terry Crull
terry, Crull, FHSU, Listening, Music
75 ?




Popular in Listening to Music

Popular in Music

This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Aubree Broyles on Monday January 18, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 161 at Fort Hays State University taught by Terry Crull in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Listening to Music in Music at Fort Hays State University.


Reviews for Class Notes and Worksheets from Crull's Listening to Music Class FHSU


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/18/16
NAME  Aubree Broyles                         MUS 161A            BAROQUE TERMS a.   aria – song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment – usually expressing an emotional state  through its outpouring of melody found in operas orations and cantatas b.  continuo ­accompanimental group – cello, harpsichord, bassoon c. cantata ­ sacred, short, like opera d.  chorale ­ familiar hymn tune e. chorale prelude – short composition for organ based on a hymn tune and often used to remind the  congregation of the melody before the hymn is sung f. concerto = extended composition for instrumental soloist and orchestra usually in 3 movements  (fast, slow, fast) concerto grosso = composition for several instrumental soloists and small orchestra –  common in late baroque music g. fugue =  polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject h. libretto = text of an opera i. movement = piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition j. opera = drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment usually a large scale composition  employing vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery k. oratorio  = large scale composition for chorus vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a  narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes; often based on biblical stories l. overture = short musical composition, purely orchestral, which opens an opera and sets the overall  dramatic mood – orchestral introductions of later acts of an opera are called preludes m. pedal tone  = when an organists plays a pedal with the foot and holds it for a long time – other  higher notes are going on above it n. recitative = vocal line in an opera oratorio or cantata that imitates the rhythms and pitch  fluctuations of speech, often serving to lead into an aria o. sonata = instrumental composition in several movements for one to eight players – in music after  the baroque period, an instrumental composition usually in several movements for one or two players p. points of imitation = like a round – echoing ­  q. suite = a set of dance­inspired movements all written in the same key but differing in tempo,  meter, and character r. trill = musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half  step apart NAME   Aubree Broyles                              MUS 161A         PART I, CH3 TERMS 3 levels of rhythm  1. Beat  1. Pattern of Rhythm (word or melody) 2. Steady pulse/beat  2. Meter  Groups of 2,3,4… beats per measure  Duple: 2/4 ­­ 2 quarter notes per measure th  Triple: 3/8 – 3 8  notes per measure  3. Notes and Rests  Pattern of rhythm (word of melody) o Pattern   See sheet music handout for different notes  Tie = adds the 2 durations together Measure  One unit of the meter  6/8 time o 6 beats per measure o 8 = what kind of notes  4/4 time o 4 beats per measure o 4 = quarter notes o “Common time” Barline  Separates the measures  If a note needs to be carried into the next measure – use a tie Downbeat  First beat of any measure Accent  In 4/4 time, usually the 1  and 3  notes get the accent  A stress added   Looks like “>” Syncopation  Shift of accent forward to what would normally be a weak beat Tempo  Speed of a song Upbeat (pick­ups)  Partial measure before the 1  barline  The end of the song (last measure) should make up for the time that was lost  in the first measure Metronome markings  Machine that clicks a steady tempo ♪ = 60 ­­­ = 60 beats in a minutes ♪  = 120 ­­­ = 2 beats in a second ♪ = 84 ­­­ = 7 beats in 5 seconds Tempo terms: Allegro = Fast and lively Presto = Very fast Moderato = Moderately Grave = slow and solemn Accelerando  (accel.) = gradually get faster Ritardando  (ritard; rit.) = gradually get slower Listening to Music – TEST 3 NOTES Beethoven (1770 – 1827)  Most famous for his 9 symphonies  Slight departures from “rules”  Vast harmonic exploration  Multiple themes  Vast emotional extremes  Unrecognizable form  Solo voices and chorus  Movement called “Sturm und Drang” – (Storm and Stress) o Happened at 29 years old o 30-35 = further hearing loss – completely deaf by age 35  30+ sonatas  16 string quartets  5 piano concerti  Vocal music th  9 symphony was vocal  Misin Solemnis = solemn mass (for church)  1 opera – Called “Fidelio”  Treated voices as another tone color in his orchestral pallet Romantic Period (1825 – 1900)  Key Points o Melody is very important o Extremes  Very intense louds or softs  Tchaikovsky used 5 “F’s” = fffff o Program music  The idea that something non-musical is associated with a melody  Ex. The theme from Jaws (scary)  Absolute Music – has a key, theme, dynamic, etc.  Composers o Beethoven  German  Symphonies, concerti, absolute music o Brahms  German  Folk music o Schubert  German  Known for “Art Song” – short piece for a vocal singer + piano accompaniment – tell stories o Schumann  German  Known for “Art Song” – short piece for a vocal singer + piano accompaniment – tell stories o Tchaikovsky  Russian  Symphonies, ballet o Rachmaninoff  Russian  Piano concerto o Liszt  Hungarian  Wrote very difficult music o Chopin  Polish  Mostly piano music  Opera Composers o Verdi  Italian  Dramatic o Wagner  German  Serious o Puccini Donizetti  Italian  Verismo – life-like Orchestra  Very large (80-200 parts)  New instruments o Piccolo, saxophone, percussion, “battery”  Tone color Musical Characteristics  Use of imagination  Nationalism – using characteristics of their homelands  Exoticism – wrote music imitating other cultures The Art Song  New form of music (operasymphonicart song)  Strophic – tells a story – many verses use the same melody accompaniment provides variety, mood, color  Thru-Composed = continually new melody as the story unfolds accompaniment unifies  Song Cycle = solo voice Tone Poem  Just a title that the listener’s imagination fills in the nonmusical ideas / images Program Symphony  A specific story is told Terms  Motive = short melodic idea used the build a theme or larger melody  Embellishments and Rubato = Romantic performance way of writing Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto = Neo-classic Romantic Opera  Large orchestra o They have moods, motifs, symbols o Idea of foreshadowing o Creates scenes o Wild costuming o Stage machinery o Pyrotechnics o 3 types  Dramatic  Composer: Verdi  Tragic plots  Farce – humor / dark comedy  Disguises / mis-direction   Serious  Composer: Wagner  Extremely long in length  Powerful orchestra and voices  Plots o Myth, legend, fantasy  Leitmotif = theme for everything o Characters o Ideas – such as justice, revenge, truth, freedom, etc.  Verismo  True to life Quiz Instrumental music that is full of literacy or pictorial imagery and was popular with the composers of the romantic period = program music The deliberate attempt to use inspiration from the composers own homeland is known as = Nationalism The typical orchestra of the late romantic period numbered about 80 or more players Music intended to be played before or during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as incidental music Instrumental music which is written for its own sake and for which there is no story or other outside the music influence is called absolute music Drawing creative inspiration from lands that are exotic to the composer is known as exoticism Approximately the romantic period encompassed the years 1825 – 1900 Verismo opera = Puccini Post-Romantic Period (1875-1925)  Movements o Impressionism  Debussey – “Prelude to the afternoon of a Faun”  Ravel – “Bolero” o Expressionism  Schenberg – “Tone Row” Neo-Classic  Igor Stravinsky o “Rite of Spring” Neo-Romantic  Aaron Copland o “Appalachian Spring” Chance  Personal Perfomance o John Cage o Krystof Pendrecki Polytonal  Bartok – several keys at once  Ives – several tunes at once Electronic  Moog synthesizer Modern (1900->)  Key Concepts o Revolt against tradition o Renew old styles with new instruments or colors and with new techniques o A tonal – avoids home tone (tonal center)  New movements o Impressionism – Debussy, Ravel o Expressionism – Schonberg, Bartok, Ives o New-Classic – Holst, Stravinsky, Shostakovich o Neo-Romantic – Copland, Gershwin o Chance – Cage  Continuation of … o Motives – themes o Formal plan or lack there of o Great use of woodwinds and percussion o Folk music o Nationalism  George Gershwin o “Rhapsody in Blue” o Jazz themes and style o Big band debut o Concerto-like  American Jazz o Ragtime (20’s) o Melody  Piano – Scott Joplin  Popular tunes but win syncopation and ragged rhythm  Accompaniment -> stride chords  Boogie Woogie  Dixieland Band (30’s) o Frontman: cornet, clarinet, trombone o Rhythm: piano, drums, bass (tuba), guitar o A melody is known as theme  A cornet riff  A clarinet riff  A trombone riff  Piano/ drums/bass get a riff o A Finale o Scat Singing  American Jazz o 1. Ragtime – Piano o 2. Dixieland – small bank o 3. Blues (late 20s ->)  Text a a a  Harmony = 12 bar blues form o 4. Big band / sing (40’s ->)  Piano, bass, percussion, tenor, sax, baritone, stand, sit on risers, floor o Riff = solo improv  Popular Tunes o Intro o Verse = an oft repeated chorus o Bridge – adds variety and takes the form to another section o Interlude – comes between two other parts (like a bridge) but it is the same length and same harmony SO the melody could be there if there was another verse o Coda/Tag = an ending


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.