English Comp/Analysis Paper Example
English Comp/Analysis Paper Example English 1020
University of Memphis
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This 19 page Bundle was uploaded by Courtney Beckwood on Monday January 18, 2016. The Bundle belongs to English 1020 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Danian D. Jerry in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see English Comp/Analysis in Foreign Language at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
Beckwood 1 Courtney Beckwood Professor Jerry English 1020, Section 20 13 October 2015 Researched Argument Part One According to idebate.org, the definition of junk food is “a popular term for any food which is low in essential nutrients and high in everything else – in particular calories and sodium. Junk foods are often highly salted … high in refined carbohydrates … and high in saturated fats” . People who agree with the side of the argument, according to the website, that states that schools should have junk food feel this way because by having a place where they can buy their own junk food, schools will have extra money in revenue, including hosting a couple of fundraising events that can go towards anything the school pleases. Another point as of why schools should not ban the use of junk food is because it teaches students to make healthy choices instead of removing the option to have the students make their own choices. However, people who agree with the opposition and say that schools should ban junk food feel this way because by doing this, schools will teach the students about living a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy meals both in the cafeteria and at home. Banning junk food will also teach students how to make more nutritious decisions and can help with decreasing the rate of childhood obesity going on in the United States. Regular, everyday citizens put their thoughts into whether or not junk food should be allowed or not. According to debate.org (not idebate.org), out of the people that gave their Beckwood 2 opinion and explanation as of why junk food should or should not be allowed on school campuses, 53 percent of people that voted said that it should be while 47 percent said that they should not be banned . For instance, some people think that junk food should be allowed at schools because of the extra adrenaline boost children get. Just like I said before about junk food, it was defined as “a popular term for any food which is low in essential nutrients and high in everything else – in particular calories and sodium. Junk foods are often highly salted … high in refined carbohydrates … and high in saturated fats” . If something is high in carbohydrates that means that there is a high amount of sugar. While they’re in the classroom (especially in the morning), students tend to get tired from various external reasons, and as a result, they don’t pay attention in class. However, since the junk food that they can get more than likely has a lot of sugar in it, that extra sugar gives them a little amount of energy boost that students need in order to learn in class.  On the other hand, people on debate.org who think that students should not have junk food on school grounds feel that way because of how unhealthy junk food is. Just like I said in the preceding paragraph about junk food, it was defined as “a popular term for any food which is low in essential nutrients and high in everything else – in particular calories and sodium. Junk foods are often highly salted … high in refined carbohydrates … and high in saturated fats” . If something is high in carbohydrates that means that there is a high amount of sugar. The main issue that comes with junk food is childhood obesity. According to cdc.gov , “Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years” (Cdc 1). Children and adolescents who are obese have a higher chance of getting various types of cancer, including “cancer of the breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, gall Beckwood 3 bladder, thyroid, ovary, cervix, and prostate, as well as multiple myeloma and Hodgkin’s lymphoma” (Cdc 8). This website includes preventions and ways to stop children from being obese, which includes living a healthy lifestyle, including both eating healthy as well as being more physical. My school is among the ones that would not let students bring junk food at school. If a student brings junk food of any kind into class, no matter if the snack is healthy or not, it will be confiscated and the student who brought it will have detention. With the points and examples that were given, some people see how junk food is needed. One reason is because of how it gives them a jump start for class. Students realized that junk food is their adrenaline for class and that was something they need in order to stay awake and I wanted to be the person to help with that. On the other hand, junk food isn’t needed at schools because of the number of obese children in the United States. It was wrong for me to sell them chips because of the obesity levels in my high school and because it was against the rules for me to do that. Beckwood 4 Works Cited 1. “This House Would Ban Junk Food from Schools.” Idebate.org. 17 Feb. 2012. Idebate.org, Web. 13 Oct. 2015. 2. Debate.org. Should Junk Food be allowed in Schools. Debate.org. n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2015. 3. Cdc.gov. Childhood Obesity Facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 27 Aug. 2015. Web. 18 Oct. 2015. Beckwood 1 Courtney Beckwood Professor Jerry English 1020, Section 20 18 October 2015 Researched Argument Part Two For a long period of time, school boards have discussed possibilities of having junk food at school, in particular middle and high schools. Some schools allowed the right for students to either bring junk food to class, have vending machines for anyone to buy junk food or both. On the other hand, the schools who are against the opposition and decides to ban junk food will not let any student or faculty member come to school with junk food. My school was among the ones that would not let students bring junk food on school grounds. Ever since the early 2000s schools all across the country want to create a policy about whether or not junk food can be permitted on to school grounds or not. There is no clear point about what started the debate about junk food nor is there any document that states the oldest debate about it. But what we do know is that this is a growing topic and will continue to grow for years to come. From the 20 century to the 21 , the 22 , and so on, this topic will be a topic that will never have a precise ending point. This paper starts the debate being around 2004 with the Seattle School Board making changes to their school policy about junk food. The schools who are against the opposition and decided to ban junk food will not let any student or faculty member come to school with junk food. Before the 2011 decision of revising Beckwood 2 the ban on junk food from the Seattle School Board, they banned the rights for junk food on campus in 2004 . The reason for this ban was because the school board wanted to make sure that they “are determined to provide our students with healthy food options,…that includes ensuring that foods and beverages sold at schools are healthy and nutritious” (Brita ButlerWall 1). The San Francisco School Board has also decided to join the fight and ban junk food from their schools . The main reason they are cracking down on these unhealthy goods is because they want to “begin looking at our school nutrition policy broadly in order to make it better” (Kelly 1). The school board wants to stop the problem of childhood obesity, and one way they wanted to approach that problem is by focusing “on more nutrition education and daily physical education classes” (Kelly 2). The school board wants every child to make better decisions as far as what they eat, and what better way to do that than to teach about nutrition harder than it was regularly taught and to stop with the buying and bringing of junk food on campus? On the other hand, some schools allowed the right for students to either bring junk food to class, have vending machines for anyone to buy junk food or both. In 2011 the Georgia State Board of Education rolled out of the Smart Snack Rule . The Smart Snack Rule is when all types of food that are sold to kids during the school day has to follow the U.S. Department of Agriculture nutrition guidelines along with the food that is given out in school cafeterias. Although they opened the discussion up to the public and how some people stated that the Board of Education should reconsider their choices, they eventually chose to keep their option to roll out of the Smart Snack Rule. In addition, the Seattle School Board has decided to ease up on their junk food ban in 2011 due to the loss of money once the ban was put into effect . Instead of buying the junk food on campus, which gives the school extra money, the students find ways Beckwood 3 to get to a nearby gas station. They felt as if the original ban was completely hurting the school revenue because of the strict policy, so the school board decided to bring up a board meeting to discuss about revising the policy to where they can still ban junk food but, at the same time, make revenue doing it. My school was among the ones that would not let students bring junk food on school grounds. Over the years, my school became stricter about the junk food policy than it was when I was there. At first, our school was able to sell junk food and soda during basketball games and sell them for our Spanish club so we could raise money for a Spring Break trip to Puerto Rico. Also when students sold junk food to other students during school (myself included as one of the sellers), some would even sell to the teachers to get extra money. However, the principal saw junk food as a huge issue and they changed the policy again to where students and faculty could bring healthy snacks like NutriGrain bars, Nature Valley bars and grapes. Us as children, we would see this as an opportunity to sneak in “illegal” junk food while we brought healthy snacks as well. After a while, the principal knew what we were up to and changed the policy again my senior year to where the only snacks allowed were the ones that the school passed out during the last period of the day. A lot of people were affected by this because our overall grades as a school dropped compared to the previous year. Even though we couldn’t bring junk food of any kind, I still decided to sell junk food to others to help them out. Beckwood 4 Works Cited 1. Croom, Erin. “Georgia School Board Vote Opens Doors For More Junk Food Sales at School.” Georgiaorganics.org. Georgiaorganics.org, 22 Aug. 2014. Web. 13 Oct. 2015. 2. M. Rosenthal, Brian. “School Board May Ease Ban on Junk Food.” Seattletimes.com. The Seattle Times, 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 13 Oct. 2015. 3. Public Schools, Seattle. “Seattle Bans Soda & Junk Food from Schools.” Organicconsumers.org. Seattle Public Schools, 3 Sep. 2004. Web. 13 Oct. 2015. 4. Delgado, Ray. “S.F. schools join war on obesity, ban junk food/ Soda, candy to be banished – but only form cafeterias.” Sfgate.com. Chronicle Staff Writer, 15 Jan 2003. Web. 13 Oct. 2015. Beckwood 1 Courtney Beckwood Professor Jerry English 1020, Section 20 6 November 2015 Researched Argument Part Three According to idebate.org, the definition of junk food is “a popular term for any food which is low in essential nutrients and high in everything else – in particular calories and sodium. Junk foods are often highly salted … high in refined carbohydrates … and high in saturated fats” . Huffington Post argues that 8 out of 10 Americans indulge in junk foods such as fast foods including, McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Pizza Hut, etc . When it comes to the topic of junk food, most of us will readily agree that junk food is the worst thing to eat because it causes health issues such as diabetes, high blood pressure etc. Where the argument usually ends, however, is the question of how to solve the epidemic. People who disagree and say that schools should not be able to let students bring junk food feel that way because of the obesity levels amongst children and how high it is. However, people who agree with the side of the argument that schools should have junk food feel this way because students need to learn how to practice their freedom of expression, starting with junk food, and by consuming junk food, they will have an additional quantum of energy needed to go throughout the school day. The position that argues about bringing junk food into school is the best side of the argument. First off, the definition of junk food, according tothefreedictionary.com, is “a highcalorie food that is low in nutritional value” . That can range from snacks to actual meals that have Beckwood 2 this highcalorie, low nutritional value ratio.For instance, snacks that are high in sugar,like chips and candy and even soda, can be considered junk food because of the amount of sugar in these snacks and drinks. Junk food also consist of ANY fast food resturaunt. The amount of calories, sugars, and trans fats make up junk food. According tocalorieking.com your height, weight, age, and gender determines how many calories an individual is to consume. According tocalorieking.com a 19 year old male that is approximately 5'7 and weighs 152 and very active is supposed to eat 1650 to 1800 calories a day. The reason I agree with the side that states that students should be able to bring junk food to school is because they don’t have that freedom of choice, which results in students tending to crave what they can’t have and because it gives them an extra energy boost for class. According to Dr. Jane McCartney, she has had patients who were “denied treats, only to fanatically overcompensate by obsessing about food” . When they’re at home, their parents probably didn’t have sweets like that so that their child can be healthy and when they get the chance to have junk food (or anything in particular they can’t have), they will overcompensate in it. Overconsuming in food, especially junk food because of its high sugars and high amounts of fat, can lead to obesity. If the children had a choice to begin with and had the opportunity to choose whether or not they want junk food then they wouldn’t have to overconsume junk because of its absence in their everyday lives. Another reason junk food should be allowed is because of the extra sugar they get from consuming it. On debate.org, one viewer made their input on this debate, arguing that the junk food “make kids hyper in school” . If the students tried to stay awake and focused off of their natural energy levels (excluding outside factors), then some will be tired and inactive while the teacher is teaching. However, by eating those sweets and fast Beckwood 3 foods with high amounts of sugar and fat, they will become hyper at school, thus students can be able to learn better since they have that extra energy students need to stay awake during class. On the other hand, people who disagree with my opinion would rebut by saying that junk food should be banned because of the extra sugar they’re consuming from these types of food and because of the choices children will choose. Even though I said that this extra energy children eat will keep them woke during class, people would rebut this by arguing that they will eat these sweets and junk food every day since that extra amount of energy keeps them going. By eating those junk foods on a consistent basis, the fat and sugar levels will add up, making the consumer gain weight throughout time to the point where they are obese or get diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. I also stated that the children can have the freedom of choice to choose whether or not they want to eat those foods or not. However, people can rebut on this argument and claim that children, especially middle and high school students, will always choose to eat and consume junk food rather than choose to live a healthy lifestyle. Because of the way society is, junk food is more popular than we realize. Children see people promote junk food in commercials and advertisements, hypnotizing children and young adolescents to make these sweets and junk food seem “cool”, to the point where they have to buy it. I believe that schools should allow students to bring junk food on campus because students need to practice their freedom of choice and consuming extra junk can give them an extra energy boost, eventually to the point where they can stay woke and pay attention while they are in class. Giving students the additional amount of energy they need in order to be proactive during class, junk food will help students pay attention. Junk food also helps the Beckwood 4 student maintain a healthy life when consuming only what is needed. Junk food or snacks give student the nutrients and calories they need throughout the day. Works Cited 1. Tepper, Rachel. “8 Out of 10 Americans Eat Fast Food At Least Once A Month, Says Gallup Poll.” Huffingtonpost.com. Rachel, Tepper. The Huffington Post, 7 Aug. 2013. Web. 7 Nov. 2015. 2. “This House Would Ban Junk Food from Schools.” Idebate.org. 17 Feb. 2012. Idebate.org, Web. 13 Oct. 2015. 3. "Junk food." American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. 2011. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 7 Nov. 2015. 4. McCartney, Dr. Jane. “Why Banning Junk Food Could Make Your Child FATTER.” Dailymail.co.uk. McCartney, Dr. Jane. Dailymail.co.uk, 24 May 2014. Web. 7 Nov. 2015. 5. “Should Selling Junk Food be banned from School?” Editorial. Debate.org. Debate.org, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2015. Beckwood 1 Courtney Beckwood Professor Jerry English 1020 Section 2 November 13, 2015 Argument Part 4 Over the course of this paper, we were asked should junk food be allowed on middle and high school grounds. We have discussed the history of junk food, both sides of the debate along with the descriptions as of why a person would choose each sides as well as my thoughts and opinions about junk food. This final part of the paper will discuss possible proposals and actions that can be taken to resolve this issue. Although some people will propose that junk food should be completely removed from all schools because the students can become healthier, others (along with myself) propose that junk food should be at school because students can now have a choice as to whether or not they want to eat the junk food or become healthy for that time being. To some, they see junk food as a horrible thing to have at school because of the high levels of childhood obesity. They feel as if junk food has to be completely banned in order to keep children healthy and, instead, replace the unhealthy snacks and foods with something more nutritional. First lady Michelle Obama announced a proposal to ban junk food in schools. She felt as if the classrooms “should be healthy places where kids are not bombarded with ads for junk food” (Obama 3) and should focus more on healthy foods like “fruits and vegetables and not chips and candy” (Obama 7) . As a result, the new USDA rules removed the advertising of junk foods in all middle and high schools and, instead, promoted physical fitness and healthier Beckwood 2 eating. More and more people would choose this side because by removing the advertisements of junk food at schools and replacing them with more physical fitness and healthier eating programs. This will change things because now, the children don’t have an option as to whether or not they want to eat junk food. Even though they think that by depriving children of this choice, they will start to become healthier. However, once they get in reach of any type of junk food, that’s all that they will crave for. For instance, in their homes, the families don’t have to abide by the policy Michelle Obama proposed because that’s only for their children’s schools. If the child lives in a home where they can’t have junk food at home along with school, once they end up in a situation where they can eat as much candy as they want, then that’s more than likely what’s going to happen because of that absence of junk food in their everyday life. To others, they see junk food as something that can somehow help children. According to health psychology professor Charlotte Markey, “I’m certainly not saying that we should load our kids up on junk food, … , but we don’t want to make it so off limits that it starts to have sort of a mystique or appeal” (Markey 7) . Completely removing junk food from children might seem like a good idea at first, but after a while, the junk food will seem appealing to them. Once they’re able to get to a situation where they can eat junk food, they will accept that challenge to the point where they can’t stop eating it. To prove this point, Markey asked parents “whether they allowed certain snacks, then brought their children into a room filled with those temptations a part of an experiment…the kids whose parents were very restrictive with snacks ate more treats than other kids and tried to ‘make up for lost time’ as soon as they had access to the ‘forbidden foods’” (Markey 8 and 9). Her experiment proved that a tight restriction on junk food will end up backfiring on the person who created or proposed the ban on it. The children will feast on the Beckwood 3 restricted junk food because they felt left out and wanted to make up for the times that they couldn’t eat those junk foods at home. This scenario also applies for the ban on junk food at school. They couldn’t eat junk food (or certain ones) at home, so if they ban junk food at school, when the opportunity for them to eat junk food unfolds to them, they will take that chance, possibly eating junk food to the point to where they are obese. One action or proposal that should come into play of my decision to let junk food into schools is to make a federal law saying that schools are allowed to have junk food, but have more classes that focus on physical fitness and healthy choices at the same time. Instead of completely removing the option to have junk food and, thus, make students see junk food as appealing, schools should have vending machines. This proposal is the better proposal than the others because students can have that choice as to whether they want to eat the junk food or focus more on health issues and how to prevent them. If they choose to focus more on healthy choices and decide not to eat junk food, then the health classes and physical fitness classes should reflect on that. These classes should include things like what people should use as a substitute for their favorite snack, making that substitute both a healthy and a tasty option to choose. Even when they decide to eat junk food, they won’t get to the point to where they’re constantly craving junk food and becoming overweight. Also, by adding a vending machine for schools who don’t have one yet, whoever comes across the vending machine can have options to both healthy and unhealthy snacks, gaining revenue from students and possibly faculty members who want both healthy and unhealthy snacks. The better proposal in this case is that schools should have the ability to keep junk food in schools, but should also teach the students to make healthy choices with schools cracking Beckwood 4 down more on health classes. With vending machines, schools will have an increase in revenue and the vending machines will show both unhealthy choices as well as healthy ones, and they should let students decide whether they want to be a healthy person for the moment or choose the unhealthy snack. Beckwood 5 Works Cited 1. Fox, Maggie. “First Lady Proposes Ban on Junk Food Marketing in Schools.” Nbcnews.com. Fox, Maggie. 25 Feb 2014. Web. 14 Nov. 2015. 2. Pawlowski, A. “Why you should let your kids eat (some) junk food.” Today.com. Pawlowski, A. 26 June 2014. Web. 14 Nov. 2015. Courtney Beckwood Professor Jerry English 1020 Section 20 November 23, 2015 Intro, Transition, Conclusion Paragraphs High schools and middle schools all across the country debate and discuss about things that needs to be improved, included or removed every year. Those debates range from the teachers and staff they lay off or hire to what books need to be removed or added to the building or buildings that needs to be worked on or to be abandoned. One discussion that never seems to stop however is the argument about junk food. There are various definitions of this term, but many school board members can’t seem to figure out how to deal with the constant uprising of junk food being allowed on school grounds. This paper explains more about junk food and it being allowed at high school and middle schools. Junk food can vary depending on how people see junk food. People can view this term as either an unhealthy snack or any type of food with high sugars, carbohydrates or fats. Afterwards, that’s when you see others voice out their opinions about the discussion in hand, along with their reasoning and explanations. However, what sparked this topic about junk food being forbidden on school grounds or not is a factor that majority of people don’t put into consideration. The most historic evidence I could find was a time during the early 2000s, specifically around 2004. At first, most of my fellow classmates were depressed because they couldn’t snack on it during class. However, even after my school made the decision to stop letting students bring junk food into school, the rule still didn’t affect many students because they would still bring some anyway. Over time, I realized that I didn’t see the point of the rule because junk food actually benefits students mentally with the extra sugar in it so the students can be alert during class. I also saw that the students who craved it like the junk food was a drug, they weren’t allowed to eat it at home, making the resistance to eat it so difficult for them. The main reason most schools want to ban junk food is so that their students can focus on being healthy. To do that, they completely removed junk food from vending machines and Even though this sounds like a good idea, completely removing the decision to get junk food revokes the students’ of their freedom of choice. Instead, the schools should keep the unhealthy junk foods in vending machines and let them come to school with junk food but have more health classes focus more on physical fitness and having a healthy lifestyle. Junk food is more than a bad thing in some people’s eyes. Others see them as a very beneficial snack to eat when it comes to students’ performance in school. Although it can be an unhealthy thing to eat if they constantly eat it on a daily basis, schools, and even parents at home, need to find a way so that their children and students can have some junk food, but not enough to where they will overconsume it once they are able to put their hands on it. By doing this, students can still enjoy the sweet taste of junk while keeping their body at a steady level of healthiness and not to the point where they can become classified as overweight.
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