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SOC 150 Paper 1

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by: Delaney Sievert

SOC 150 Paper 1 SOC 150

Delaney Sievert

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This is the first paper due in Dr. Hagenhoff's class. I received an A. You CANNOT copy it. Use it as a guideline. She keeps previous papers and will notice (as it has happened before).
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Hagenhoff
75 ?




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"Yes YES!! Thank you for these. I'm such a bad notetaker :/ will definitely be looking forward to these"
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Delaney Sievert on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SOC 150 at Missouri State University taught by Dr. Hagenhoff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Missouri State University.


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Date Created: 01/20/16
Paper 1 1. When I think of material culture I think of any object that contributes to a specific culture.  For our culture, most of the time I think of technology but it is not always just that. Different  cultures have different uses of material culture.  Ponijao from Nambina lives in a culture where everyone is wearing bangles on their neck,  ankles, or wrists at all times. Even Ponijao started wearing jewelry when she was a bit older.  Another example of material culture is when Ponijao’s mother cut her hair with a knife. This  seems very dangerous, but in her culture this is what they have available. Ponijao was also  carried around on her mother’s back in a sash as opposed to a something like a stroller.  Hattie from the United States has material culture that I am the most familiar with. For one,  she has electricity. Two of the four babies (Ponijao and Bayor) had little to no electricity. Hattie  also wears diapers bought from the store and has toys bought from the store to play with.  Mari from Japan also has similar material culture that I am familiar with. She had toys  bought from the store to play with and keep her entertained just like Hattie. Mari was also  pushed around in a stroller. Bayor from Mongolia was taken home from the hospital on a motorcycle which would be  considered material culture. The motorcycle contributes to their culture because that is how they  get around from place to place. Another example of material culture I would say is the animals.  Bayor was always surrounded and playing with them. The animals in a way were his “toys.” 2. All four babies had very different norms and values. A few different topics I will discuss are  hygiene, supervision/safety, and activities the babies took part in. For hygiene Mari and  Hattie were pretty much the same, they were both bathed by their parents in a sink or  bathtub. They also wore diapers. Bayor did not wear a diaper. There is a scene of him lying  down in bed and he peed freely and it got everywhere on the bed. He was also bathed by  having his mother drink water and spitting it on him. Ponijao did not wear a diaper either, but when she got older she wore a sash around her waist. To get rid of the poop her mother wipes is on her knee and scrapes it off, then gives her a “bath” by licking her clean.  Supervision and safety is one of the most important things for a baby/toddler to have so they  do not get into any mischief or get hurt. Hattie, Mari, and Ponijao were supervised a lot. For  the most part, a parent was always around. Bayor on the other hand, was alone often. A  couple scenes showed him sitting outside with the animals.  For daily activities each baby participated in different things. When Hattie was a new born  she went to doctor checkups in an office. She also went to mommy and me classes. As she  grew older she began to venture on her own and play with toys, discover and learn new  things such as walking. When Mari was a new born she did the same things as Hattie. Her  mommy and me class was a bit different. Her mother and a bunch of other moms strolled  their babies around town. As she grew older she started playing with toys and learning how  to walk just like Hattie. When Ponijao was a new born she didn’t have a chance to go to  checkups or classes. Something that might be similar to a mommy and me class is when her  mother breast fed her in a circle with a few other moms. For the most part she slept, ate, and  was carried around by her mother. As Ponijao grew older she played with other children and  wandered around outside. They played with rocks, sticks, and water. When Bayor was a new  born he did have checkups. A person came to their home instead of them traveling to an  office. He mainly laid around in bed and when he got older he roamed around and played  with her brother and animals. Rarely did you see him play with actual toys. He also  discovered standing up/walking later than the rest of the babies. 3. All of the babies were taught “how to be in society” from their parents. As a baby that is  mainly who you have to teach you. Some of them also had siblings or friends. Ponijao was  constantly around other children. In one scene she was looking up another child’s butt and  got in trouble for it. By doing this, Ponijao knows it is not acceptable to go around looking up other people’s butts. Bayor was always around animals, siblings, or his parents. Growing up  around animals will teach him this is a normal thing in his society, just like someone who  grows up on a farm. Mari was socialized by day care and toys. Hattie was mostly socialized  by playing with toys and being around her parents. They talked to her like she could  understand them.  There were many forms of positive and negative sanctions between all of the babies. For all  of them, when they learned to stand up and walk their parents cheered with joy and  encouraged them. This is an example of positive sanction because now the babies know what they are doing is right. They will continue to try to stand up/walk. An example of negative  sanction, as mentioned before, Ponijao was trying to look up another child’s butt, and she  was smacked away. She knows that it is not okay to do this in the future. Another example of negative sanction is when Bayor and his brother kept repeatedly getting into a bucket. Their  mother came and took the bucket away so they wouldn’t be able to get into it anymore.  Another example of sanction, although I am not sure what kind it would be, is when Hattie  hit her mother. Her mother gasped and told her that was not nice, but she did not say it in a  stern voice or anything. Hattie might not realize what she did was wrong.  4. Ethnocentrism is when a culture views another culture from their own perspective. This  culture is not used to seeing how other cultures behave so they think they might be better  than the other culture. Cultural relativism is when you learn about another culture and do not  judge what is normal to them. Ponijao’s culture was the most interesting to me. One scene  different from my culture is when Ponijao’s mother wiped her poop on her knee and scraped  it off onto the ground. I found that gross. If someone in America did this, they would be  looked down upon. From a point of cultural relativism I have to understand they do not have  toilets or toilet paper, so this is the only option. Another scene that stood out to me was when Ponijao’s mother cut her hair with a knife. It scared me because it would be so easy to cut her head even just a little bit. They do not have shops, so it is not possible to go to the salon.  They also don’t have electricity, so they cannot use a razor to give a haircut. Using a knife  was the only option they had in Namiba. 


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