HESC 220 Writing a Literature Review
HESC 220 Writing a Literature Review HESC 220
Cal State Fullerton
Popular in Concepts Health Science
Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences
Yeraldin S. Barrera
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Theint Myint on Wednesday January 20, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HESC 220 at California State University - Fullerton taught by A. Ransons in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 312 views. For similar materials see Concepts Health Science in Nursing and Health Sciences at California State University - Fullerton.
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Date Created: 01/20/16
HESC 220 Preparing to Write a Literature Review Part I Learning Objectives • Understand the essence and purpose of a literature review • Understand and be able to implement the steps involved in writing a literature review • Understand and become equipped with the skills necessary to enhance writing ability • Understand the value of creating and utilizing a topic outline • Understand the importance of proof reading and the value of rewriting What a literature Review is NOT? • It is NOT a research paper... • What is a Literature Review? • A review or summary of the current research literature on a specific topic. • A comprehensive survey of publications in a specific field of study. Contributing Factors of Adolescents Contracting an STD Writing a Topic Outline Brainstorm: List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper. Organize: Group related ideas together. Organize Contributing Factors of Adolescents Contracting an STD Writing a Topic Outline Brainstorm: List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper. Organize: Group related ideas together. Order: Arrange material in subsections from general to specific Label: Create main and sub headings. Order and Label I. Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevalence a. Adolescent population b. STD Transmission II. Demographics a. Gender b. Race/Ethnicity c. Socioeconomic Status (SES) III. Lifestyle Factors a. Peer pressure b. Self-‐esteem c. Parent/Adolescent relationship IV. STD Awareness a. Education b. Lack of Knowledge c. Prevention Steps in writing a lit review 1. Choose a topic • Choosing a Topic • Something of interest to you… • Something you read about in a popular magazine… • You can start with a broad topic, but you must narrow it as you continue your research. • Focus on a(n): specific gender, ethnic group, region, age group, treatment/intervention/prevention method, etc. 2. Begin your research • Know what scholarly research is and how best to find it (Library presentation) • Scholarly vs. Non-‐Scholarly (Popular) 3. Secure full copies of all relevant articles (abstracts alone are NOT enough) 4. Read your articles and take notes of key points/findings as you go 5. Writing a Topic Outline • An outline organizes your ideas in a logical format and aids you in the writing process (no matter what the topic or type of paper) • Determine the purpose of your paper. • Determine the audience you are writing for. • Develop the thesis of your paper (the main purpose of your paper). 6. Brainstorm: • List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper. 7. Write your paper (remember inverted triangle) 8. Proof read (by yourself and someone else) • THE IMPORTANCE OF PROOF READING!! • Proof Reading and Editing • Ask two friends or family members to read your paper and make written comments on errors as well as issues they found hard to understand or follow. • Compare their points and consider rewriting passages they both found unclear. • Read your paper aloud paying special attention to the areas your friends indicated were unclear – make appropriate revisions. • Always go back to your topic outline and make sure your paper follows the same path. Preparing to Write a Literature Review Part II LITERATURE REVIEW WRITING TIPS Writing Style for a Lit. Review • Expository (fact) vs. Narrative (story) • No first person (I), no personal opinion • What is a thesis statement??? • When reviewing the literature, don’t say “this study found this and this study found that” you must organize the findings… • Be careful of Syntax (what the heck is syntax?) • Ex. A large mass of literature has accumulated on the cell walls of Staphylococci. • Utilize the campus writing center Sentence Structure • “The objective of this study was to find out whether or not the amount of time that school children had a physical activity class effected what their BMI (body mass index) would be.” o Unclear, choppy and difficult to read Reference Page • One to Seven Authors – list all • More than Seven Authors -‐ After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A.., A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H Types of Plagiarism • Using another writer's words without proper citation; • Using another writer’s ideas without proper citation; • Citing a source but reproducing the exact words of a printed sources without quotation marks; • Borrowing all or part of another student’s paper; • Using a paper-‐writing service or having a friend write the paper for you. Proper APA format The research results indicated that teen participants were 2.5 times less likely than the non participants to initiate sexual intercourse during the intervention period (Monahan & Smith, 2002). Or Monahan and Smith (2002) found that teen participants were 2.5 times less likely than the non participants… Or Monahan and Smith (2002) state that “adolescent participants are 2.5 times…” (p. 212). Or She stated, “The placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner” (Miele, 1993, p. 276), but she did not clarify which behaviors were studied. Reference Page Kovach, C. R., Morgan, S., Noonan, P. E., & Brondino, M. (2008). Using principles of diffusion of innovation to improve nursing home care. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 23(2), 132-‐139. Last Name, Initial(s). (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), page numbers. Title of article – only things capitalized: 1 word of title, 1 word after a colon, and proper nouns Only things Italicized: Title of Periodical and volume number Multiple authors • One to Seven Authors – list all • More than Seven Authors -‐ After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H
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