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Psychology of Adulthood and Aging, Chapter 1 notes

by: Bailey Huff

Psychology of Adulthood and Aging, Chapter 1 notes Psyc 319

Marketplace > Edinboro University of Pennsylvania > Psychlogy > Psyc 319 > Psychology of Adulthood and Aging Chapter 1 notes
Bailey Huff
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Psych of Adulthood and Aging
Dr. Cynthia Leign-Bucell

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About this Document

Chapter 1 of notes covered in week 1 of class
Psych of Adulthood and Aging
Dr. Cynthia Leign-Bucell
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This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by Bailey Huff on Friday January 22, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Psyc 319 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Cynthia Leign-Bucell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Psych of Adulthood and Aging in Psychlogy at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 01/22/16
Psychology of Adulthood and Aging mote H Life Span Perspective Multidirectionalitv development involves both growth and decline Plasticity change is possible nothing is set in stone Historical context one s historycontext has an effect on the development Multiple causation development is a result of multiple forces Biopsychosocial Perspective 0 Development is caused by 3 social forces 0 Biological forces All genetic and health related factors ex Menopause wrinkling o Psychological forces Internal perceptual cognitive emotional and personality factors affecting development characteristics noticed by othersthat we notice about people 0 Sociocultural forces Include interpersonal relationships along with cultural and ethnic factors affecting development our overall contexts a Life cycle forces How the same event occurring at different points in many people s lives will have a different impact on each The Meaning of Aging 0 Primary Aging 0 Normal disease free change over a lifespan 0 Natural aging just because we are getting older 0 Secondary Aging 0 Developmental changes that are related to disease lifestyle changes and other environmentally induced changes that are not inevitable Tertiary Aging 0 Rapid losses that occur shortly before death 0 Ex Terminal drop intellectual decline in last few years before death Perceived age 0 How old you perceive yourself to be quotYou39re only as old as you feelquot a Functional age a How well we engage ourselves to our would such as Psychological adapting to change Biological how the organ system operates Sociocultural roles that we hold such as work or family Core Issues 0 Nature vs Nurture o How your geneticshereditary in uences nature and experimentalenvironmental in uences nurture determine who you are as a person 0 Stability vs Change 0 How consistentstable or uidopen we are to change over time 0 Continuity vs Discontinuity o How development can either be smooth and continuous or constantly changing and shifting depending on a situation Universality vs Cultural Speci c 0 One path of development or several Normative vs Nonnormative Events 0 Normative what is typical with a speci c age or historygraded in uences Agegraded things typical for a speci c age Historv oraded things happening in your timeframe o Nonnormative can be unique to an individual but may not to most people Research Methods 0 Reliability and Validity 0 Reliability producing the same value when used to measure the same thing over time o Validity accuracy measuring what it is supposed to measure 0 Systematic observations 0 Watching people and recording what they say and do using a method Naturalistic observation 0 Observe people in reallife observations viewing people in their natural habitats Structured observation 0 Creating a situation that is ideal for observing the behavior of interest 0 Sampling behavior with tasks 0 Take only parts of a situation that are thought to accurately sample what is being observed Selfreports 0 How we report about ourselves questions written out or verbally given 0 Representative sampling 0 Take a subset of a population that accurately represents the entire population General Designs 0 Experimental design 0 Systematically manipulate material lndependentvsDependent lndependent variable that is not impacted the manipulated variable Dependen variable being manipulated by the independent variable observed variable 0 Experimental group quottreatment group o The group receiving manipulation Controled group 0 The group not receiving manipulation Correlationa design 0 Observing relationships that exist in 2 or more variables Ex As age increases hearing ability decreases Correlationa Design Statistic and correlation coef cient 0 Persono r Range of scores between 0 and 1 Strength of relationship D numeric value occurs between 0 and 1 Closer to 0 weak relationship Closer to 1 strong relationship Direction sign or Positive going in the same direction Negative H going in the opposite direction 0 Case studies 0 Systematic observations of a single person descriptive Designs for Studying Development 0 Factors to consider 0 Age effects occur as underlying agerelated changes in biological psychological and sociocultural o Cohort experiences and circumstances related to your generation 0 Time of measurement re ect differences in the time oat which data were obtained 0 Longitudinal designs 0 Look at the same group of people over time let us look at the true developmental changes Repeated measurements over time Expensive potential loss of subjects Crosssectional design 0 Look at different individuals at the same point in time Look at age differences Inexpensive don39t lose subjects Sequential design 0 Involves combining longitudinal with crosssectional designs 0 Ethical Considerations 0 Try to Minimize risk to participants Describing research potential Avoiding deception Ensure con dentiality and anonymity


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