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Chap1: Introduction to Scientific Research

by: Upasana Raja

Chap1: Introduction to Scientific Research Psychology 3096

Marketplace > Temple University > Psychlogy > Psychology 3096 > Chap1 Introduction to Scientific Research
Upasana Raja
Conducting Psychology Research

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Conducting Psychology Research
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Upasana Raja on Monday January 25, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Psychology 3096 at Temple University taught by Lesser in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Conducting Psychology Research in Psychlogy at Temple University.

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Date Created: 01/25/16
Intuition Knowing without reasoning Uses of Intuition Forming some hypotheses hunches Problem of Intuition No mechanism for separating accurate from inaccurate knowledge Authority Facts stated from a respected source Uses of Authority In the design phase of a study Problem of Authority Authority can be wrong Rationalism Knowledge from reasoning Uses of Rationalism Derive hypotheses Empiricism Knowledge from experience Science The most trustworthy way of acquiring reliable and valid knowledge about the natural world Induction A reasoning process that involves going from the speci c to the general Deduction A reasoning process that involves going from the general to the speci c Hypothesis Testing The process of testing a predictive relationship or hypothesis by making observations and then comparing the observed facts with the hypothesis or predicted relationship Logical Positivism A philosophical approach that focused on verifying hypotheses as the key criterion of science Falsi cationism A deductive approach to science that focuses on falsifying hypotheses as the key criterion of science DuhemQuine Principle States that a hypothesis cannot be testes in isolation from other assumptions Naturalism Position popular in behavioral science stating that science should justify its practices according to how well they work rather than according to philosophical arguments Empirical Adequacy Present when theories and hypotheses closely t empirical evidence Normal Science The period in which scienti c activity is governed and directed by a single paradigm Paradigm A framework of thoughts or belief by which reality is interpreted Revolutionary Science A period in which scienti c activity is characterized by the replacement of one paradigm with another Determinism The belief that mental processes and behaviors are fully caused by prior natural factors Probabilistic Causes A weaker form of determinism that indicates regularities that usually but not always occur Reality in Nature The assumption that the things we see hear feel smell and taste are real Discoverability The assumption that it is possible to discover the regularities that exist in nature Control Elimination of the in uence of extraneous variable Placebo Effect Improvement due to participants39 expectations for improvement rather than the actual treatment Operationalism Representing constructs by a speci c set of operations Operational De nition De ning a concept by the operations used to represent or measure it Multiple Operationalism Using multiple measures to represent a construct Replication The reproduction of the result of a study in a new study MetaAnalysis A quantitative technique for describing the relationship between variables across multiple research studies Theory An explanation of how and why something operates Logic of Discovery The inductive or discovery part of the scienti c process Logic ofJusti cation The deduction of theory testing part of the scienti c process Objectivity Goal in science to eliminate or minimize opinion or bias in the conduct of research Description The portrayal of a situation or phenomenon Prediction The ability of anticipate the occurrence of and event Pseudoscience Set of beliefs or practices that are not scienti c but claim to be scienti c


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