English Lit Before 1800
English Lit Before 1800 EN 2213
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Miranda Houston on Monday January 25, 2016. The Bundle belongs to EN 2213 at Mississippi State University taught by Holly Johnson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see English Lit Before 1800 in Literature at Mississippi State University.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Miranda!!!
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Date Created: 01/25/16
English Lit Before 1800 o What to look for when reading an old text 0 Words and de nitions Oxford English Dictionary OED in library database Where and when text was written Who wrote the text Genre of the tex Tradition writers during this time did not try to be original Arti cial Interested in the artsy side of writing Not really quotfrom the heartquot 0 History 0 Middle Ages c 450 1485 Henry Vll married Elizabeth of York after the War of Roses which uni ed England again 0 Who was in England rst Britons Celtic Wales Romans came 55 BC Hadrian s wall to separate from Scots and Picts Left to defend Rome Anglosaxons and Juites come to England Pagans speak German English leave or assimilate Pope and Ireland sends missionaries and converts England back to Christianity 1066 Norman Conquest spoke French 0 William the Conqueror o The Late Middle Ages 14th Century 0 Great Plague 1348 o Circa 1340 1400 Chaucer is alive 0 1336 1453 100 Years War English ghting French 0 1479 Works of literature are handwritten into manuscripts Great Vowel Shift 0 Long vowels into stressed syllables 00000 0 Diphthong Two vowel sounds put together to make one sound 0 l ai Sumer is lcumen ln 0 Reverdie Regreening of the earth 0 Verteth Fart Betwen Mersh and Averil o Fin amor The art of ne loving courtly love A man ghtingworking for the love of a woman but the woman keeps putting him off but the man must prove himself worthy by suffering for the woman Ovidian Love Drama 0 The Art of Love how to win over a woman by pretending to suffer Effictio o Stylized portrait of a women in a poem not about her character Farewell this world I take my leve forever 0 Memento mori Remember you will die 15the century to make amends and to live a virtuous life so that you are ready for heaven when you die 0 TransienceMutability Everything passes or changes you can t stop time Chaucer 14th century poet 0 Died in 1400 o Lived in London population approx 3000 0 Wrote for civil servants clerical people and the aristocracy 0 Not paid for writing Canterbury Tales 0 55 surviving manuscripts 0 Adam Pinkhurst was Chaucer s scribe 0 Every tale is NOT estates satire The General Prologue 0 Genre Estates Satire 0 Takes members of the quotthree estatesquot and shows the ideal and not ideal form of each 0 Satire shows what is going on and what should be going on Occupational types three estates 0 Reverdie Regreening of the earth 0 Anaphora Rhetorical decive Set the scene for the then 0 Pilgrimage Usually spiritual and takes weeks or months 0 Relic Something that is from an important object in history e a piece ofJesus cross 0 The tabard they meet in is near The Globe in London 0 o Chaucer mentions at the end that each character will tell four tales 2 on the way and 2 on the way back Everyone only tells one tale 0 The Three Estates 0 Those who pray Church Parson 0 Those who ght Nobility 0 Knight 0 Those who work Commoners o Plowman o Chaucer is criticizing things wrong in the three estates not the estates themselves 0 Clerk ideal student 0 Ideal Characters 0 Knight Parson Plowman Clerk Squire Unideal Characters 0 Prioress Monk Friar Miller The Summoner o The Knight 0 Fighting for Christendom or the church in the Crusades o It was impossible for him to go everywhere he states he has but Chaucer included that to make his seem more ideal or noble o Chivalrous courteous humble honest strong honorable The Parson o Goes to people in his Parish to hear their confessions if they can t make it to him 0 The Prioress o A Nun but she does not do what a nun is to do or acts in a way a nun is meant to act 0 Described by an ef ctio almost as if she were in a French Romance including her name 0 Litotes True things that are understated o The Monk 0 Osetic He is supposed to put aside pleasures to focus on God 0 Rule Guideline for how to live your life such as monks o The Friar o Friars came about in the 12th century O 0 Order A group of people who follow a rule 1215 4th Lateran Council in the Vatican came up with how Friars are to act Irony Juxtaposition of ideas Confession Contrition feeling sorry orally confess Penance make up for what you did The Friar allowed people to give donations in the place of contrition and penance which meant those people couldn t really go to heaven Got young women pregnant then paid their dowry in order to marry them off Paid more attention to the inn keepers and barmaids than to the sick and poor 0 The Miller 0 Physiognomy Someone s physical features say something about their personality Broad red beard treacherous Wart with a tuft of hair aring nostrils lust and violence Big aming mouth swears a lot gluttony boldness The Miller s Tale 0 O Fabliau Not a lower class drama but includes characters from lower class who are tricksters Takes place in Oxford which is in the contemporary world Two love triangles John Alison Nicholas Nicholas Alison Absolom Stock Characters John Senex amans the loving old guy butt of the joke Alison young wild beauty Nicholas Clever hende athand Absolom Foppish pretty boy foolish Language of courtly love is used for him when he tries to woo Alison Short hand Ovidian Love Drama because of Nicholas and Absolom Neither of them are actually suffering in their love of Alison but they act as if they are 0 Seven Deadly Sins o Gluttony lust greed sloth wrath pride envy 0 Least Deadly Lust and Gluttony Sins of the esh 0 Most Deadly Envy and Pride 0 You get no satisfaction
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