Understanding of Music Course Notes
Understanding of Music Course Notes MUNM 1113
Popular in The Understanding of Music
Popular in Music
This 11 page Bundle was uploaded by Garrett Bryant on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to MUNM 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Melissa Baughman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see The Understanding of Music in Music at University of Oklahoma.
Reviews for Understanding of Music Course Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/26/16
The Understanding of Music Elements of Music o Melody High and low Linear representation The “tune” Conjunct (smooth) vs. Disjunct (Tune jumps around) Ode to Joy- Conjunct Joy to the World- Conjunct National Anthem- Disjunct Phrases (Sentences) and cadences (Punctuation) Amazing Grace o Rhythm How long or short sounds last Meter-Organization of beats into groups Duple Triple Quadruple Complexities Upbeats Offbeats Syncopation Polyrhythm o Harmony What is it? Verticalization of pitch Chords Progression of chords Sounds of harmony Consonance-smooth Dissonance-Harsh, unfinished, tense Major vs. Minor keys Types of harmony Modality- medieval Tonality- key/tonal center, has a home Atonality- random o Texture How do the melodies/parts fit together? Monophonic One single line or melody Homophonic Two or more melodies or parts at once One melody is dominant Polyphonic Two or more independent melodies at once Counterpoint- 3+ melodies at once Imitative 2 A version of polyphonic texture that uses the same melody to introduce different voices/instruments. o Form How the parts fit together-the big picture Strophic Has multiple verses Through-composed No repeated verses Binary Two part form where two contrasting sections repeat Ternary Three part form made up of two sections, with the first being repeated after the second Tempo Lento – Slowly Largo – Slow and Stately Adagio – Leisurely Andante – At a walking pace Allegro – Fast Vivace – Lively Presto – Very quickly Dynamics pp Pianissimo – very soft 3 p Piano – soft mp Mezzo piano – moderately soft mf Mezzo forte – moderately loud f Forte – loud f Fortissimo – very loud Crescendo – growing louder Decrescendo – growing softer Sforzando – suddenly loud o Timbre All instruments have a certain “color” Aerophones o Flutes, whistles, accordions, bagpipes, horns Chordophones o Violin, harp, guitar Ideophones Membranophones Western Instrument Families Strings Woodwinds Brass Percussion Keyboards Ensembles Choral 4 o SATB Chorus o Men’s Chorus o Women’s Choir o Children’s Chorus o Chamber Choir o A cappella Instrumental o Chamber group o String quartet o Woodwind quintet o Brass quintet o Orchestra o Wind ensemble/concert band o Marching band o Jazz band o Rock band Style and Function in Society o Create Definitions for each term: Sacred-Churchy Secular-Popular Genre-Class Crossover- combination Medium- Group Composed-written Oral tradition-sung Style-mood 5 Historical Periods o Music, poetry, painting, sculpture, architecture, science, sociology, politics, philosophy, psychology. o Medieval: 476-1475 o Rennaissance: 1475-1600 o Baroque: 1600-1750 o Classical: 1750-1820 o Romantic: 1820-1900 o Modern: 1900-1945 o Postmodern: 1945-Present Evolution of Music o Vocal Music Middle Ages – Renaissance Power of the Christian church o Patrons o Resulted in mostly sacred music Later middle ages o Cities, cathedrals Renaissance o Science, secularization Sacred Music Liturgy o Structure of church service Pope Gregory o Gregorian Chants Chants based on mode 6 o Modal Harmony o Monophonic o Latin The Mass Variable Ordinary o Kyrie o Gloria o Credo o Sanctus o Agnus Dei o Hildegard von Bingen Regarded as a saint Visions of the future Founded convent in Germany Composer Set her own poetry to music o Rise of Polyphony Two or more melodies at once Regular meters, music is written down Motet Adds new texts in the upper voices Gives chants precise rhythms to use as a basis for motet composition. Motets could be sacred or secular Secular Music 7 o Minstrels Sing in public Play instruments o Played for Dancing, banquets o Subjects Unrequited love Passion o The French Ars Nova movement Rise of Humanism o Renaissiance Rebirth Stable society Evolution of science Humanism gains momentum o Reformation Protestant Reformation Revolt in northern Europe against catholicism Martin Luther initiated Lutheran chorales Counter-Reformation Pope’s reaction to the protestant reformation Council of trent Banned all polyphonic church music o Renaissance Secular Music 8 Genres French Chanson Italian or English Word Painting Expresses important words through the music Updated Styles o Genres Opera Baroque Opera o Overture o Recitative Accompanied Dry o Aria De capo o Choruses o NO ACTION OCCURRED ON STAGE Cantata Baroque church cantatas o Written by Bach Wrote 200 (one each Sunday) All genres except opera Organ, passions, mass, suites, concertos, sonatas o Ritornello 9 Oratorio Handel o Oratorios are sacred, but couldn’t be performed in a church o Messiah Written in 24 days 3 parts Christmas Easter Redemption Musical elements Melismas Ritornellos Polyphonic and homophonic o Romantic Music Dramatic Tonality goes out the window Instrumental Music Alla Hornpipe – Handel o Suite (Baroque) ABA form A – Major B – Minor Dance-like with a heavy downbeat 10 Triple Meter Conjunct Melody Spring – Vivaldi o Concerto (Baroque) (solo violin w/ orchestra) Classical Music o Theme Main melody, idea for the whole work o Motive Short theme o Variations Take a theme and switch it up, make it fancy o Ostinato Short pattern on a constant loop o Absolute music Opposite of program music, focuses on theme rather than a story 11
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'