Unit 1: Doubt
Unit 1: Doubt PHI 2010
Popular in Introduction to Philosophy
verified elite notetaker
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Valerie Segebre on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by John Schwenkler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 175 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.
Reviews for Unit 1: Doubt
I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks Valerie!!!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/26/16
Study Guide for Unit 1: Doubt Philosophers are obsessed with giving arguments When their arguments are successful, those are considered proofs The evidence is the premise (basis of point being argued) Dialogue in a single voice is a writing technique in which the author says a statement, asks a question that tries to oppose it or bring it into doubt, and then responds to this question, thus defending his original statement and clearing any doubt. According to Moore, there are three conditions for a successful proof: o The evidence or premise must be recognized to be true (this is different because knowing differs from being certain to be true) o The conclusion must differ from the proposition/premise o The conclusion must come from the premise According to Moore, one thing that is not required for a successful proof is for the premise to be able to be proven to be true. According to Moore, although he cannot give certain evidence that he is not dreaming, he can know that he is not dreaming (for him knowing is simply enough unlike Descartes), and even without being able to prove certain things he is able to prove the existence of the external world. Descartes’ Malicious Demon Argument: o One cannot know for certain that he is not being deceived by an evil demon o If one is not certain, then it is impossible to be certain about the things one is conscious of to be real o Therefore, one cannot know that here is a body part and there is another Moore’s Argument: o Here is a body part, here is another o This proves external things exist There are two possible dangers: o Believing falsehoods I will survive walking through the fire o Failing to believe things that are true I will not die/get burned walking through the fire Descartes was more concerned with the former while Moore was more concerned with the latter. People who think Moore failed to prove his argument state reasons such as: o He made the “standards” or conditions for successfully proving the argument lower o He admits he is unable to prove he is not dreaming o He tries to convince people who all-ready believe what he believes (or at least something similar), of the things that he believes o He relies on faith (on the contrary one can argue that Descartes also relies on faith by believing in not believing) Descartes wanted to create a system of infallible knowledge because if something has even the smallest amount of doubt then he believes it should not be trusted at all. Moore on the other hand believed that he could be certain of statements/know things even if they were not 100 percent doubtless because he relies more on common sense. Which philosophical view do you think is better and why? It is good to start your essay with a question because then your answer to the question is your thesis. A good philosophical essay includes things such as: o a clear explanation of the discussion o counterarguments o evidence backing up your thesis o details describing which famous philosophers fall into which views o and some more opposition of the thesis and then final support as to why the thesis is the best view/answer
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'