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Unit 2: Self

by: Valerie Segebre

Unit 2: Self PHI 2010

Valerie Segebre
GPA 3.826

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About this Document

These notes cover from 1/22-1/29.
Introduction to Philosophy
John Schwenkler
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Valerie Segebre on Tuesday January 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to PHI 2010 at Florida State University taught by John Schwenkler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 184 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 01/26/16
Study Guide for Unit 2: Self  Dualism is the belief that mind and body are separate from each other (a two one-sided view on a human being).  Monism is the belief that they are not separate from each other (a one two-sided view on a human being). o Materialist monists believe being a human is a matter of matter o Immaterialist monists believe being a human is a matter of the mind  There is a difference in real life vs a difference in our own concepts. o For example, when Lois Lane didn’t know that Clark Kent and Superman were the same person, her concepts of Clark Kent and Superman were different from each other because she though that Clark Kent and Superman were different people; just because she thought this though did not change the reality that Clark Kent and Superman are the same person.  Descartes was a dualist who believed that the mind and body interact with each other (interactionism). o This means that although he thought the two are distinct that what happens to one has an effect on the other  According to Descartes, o Even if God or a malicious demon is deceiving him, he knows he exists o In order to discover himself (what he is) his imagination shouldn’t be utilized o He is a being that thinks  Descartes thinks that one should avoid the senses in order to really think. o Instead, one should use reason  Descartes’ views on characteristics of the body were of the limbs – like hands, a face, and arms. His views on characteristics of the soul were things like nourishment, self- movement, perception (without placing faith in them), and thinking.  He can understand the essence of thinking without knowing if bodies exist or not.  Ways to describe a person o Height, weight, hair length (physical aspects) o Desires, intelligence, personality traits (mental aspects)  Example of something that can be considered a dualist feat: o Today I woke up at 6:30 AM to get ready for class.  I woke up when I heard my alarm clock by opening my eyes, no longer dreaming, and sitting up (physically waking up).  I woke up after hearing my alarm clock by using my phone for a little while so that I would focus my mind on something and let the light from my phone affect me so that my dazed-state would go away (mentally waking up).  Strawson, a monist, argued that the argument for Cartesian dualism is flawed. o Predication difficulty – The Cartesian has problems with the mind/human being concept. o The Cartesian is unable to explain how to identify/count minds.  Cartesian problems:  Do I have a different mind today than what I did yesterday?  How many minds does one body have?  Strawson thought that in order to know how many minds there are one would have to count the number of people thinking. o In other words, one body = one mind.  Strawson’s anti-Cartesian argument was that the meaning of our concept of the mind/consciousness (predicate) is dependent on the concept of a human being.  Cartesian: o Person Mind  Strawson: o Person Mind


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