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Biology Vocabulary

by: Selina Sandoval

Biology Vocabulary

Marketplace > Texas State University > > Biology Vocabulary
Selina Sandoval
Texas State

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About this Document

This is some of the vocabulary that is used in the Introductory courses of biology and through out the rest of the courses, very fundamental information.
Vocabulary, Biology
75 ?




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This 1 page Bundle was uploaded by Selina Sandoval on Thursday January 28, 2016. The Bundle belongs to at Texas State University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.


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Date Created: 01/28/16
Sperm: male reproductive cell Egg: female reproductive cell Gamete: male and female reproductive cells Meiosis: nuclear division that leads to a halving of chromosome numbers Autosomes: non-sex chromosomes Homologous: chromosomes that carry the same genes and are the same shape and size Gene: Section of DNA that influences some hereditary traits in an individual Allele: different versions of the same gene Karyotype: number and type of chromosomes. Diploid: two versions of each chromosome Haploid: on version of each chromosome Ploidy: combination of numbers of sets and n is termed Maternal chromosomes: come from mom Paternal chromosomes: come from dad Polyploidy: 3 or more of each type of chromosome in a cell. Sister chromatids: contain identical copies of DNA double helix in a replicated chromosome. Remaining joined during most of meiosis Meiosis: reduction division Gametogenesis: process in which eventually form sperm and eggs when two gametes fuse during fertilization; a full complement of chromosomes is restored.


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