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Week 2 and 3 Material Bundle

by: Ann Carter Herbert

Week 2 and 3 Material Bundle AAH 20560

Marketplace > Clemson University > Art History > AAH 20560 > Week 2 and 3 Material Bundle
Ann Carter Herbert

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Additional notes in addition to class powerpoints
History and Theory of Art 2
Andrea V. Feeser
Art History
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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Ann Carter Herbert on Friday January 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to AAH 20560 at Clemson University taught by Andrea V. Feeser in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of Art 2 in Art History at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 01/29/16
Art History Week 2 & Week 3 Primitivism in the Media:  “A person can live in the raw or unadulterated” –this is Fiction**  Is primitivism in our world impossible?  Taking pieces from other cultures and making them “fashionable”  A foreigner coming in to a culture they don’t understand and wanting to borrow from it without knowing the meaning  Do we hold these images to hold as much meaning?  Who is the audience and how would they respond? In Art:  When an artist wants to foreground his or her interest in the primitive by incorporating elements from different cultures to produce something exotic and daring Quiz for Tuesday to Identify:  Take the names of the artists on syllabus and look them up on google: be able to recognize their styles Die Brucke:  Germany had just become Germany, prior to this it had been made up of different geographical areas  There is a very particular aesthetic that is seen as “German” in order to bring people together under one union  Modersohn-Becker introduces more contemporary influences from France o Super bold color o Bodies that are distorted o Not an impressionist brush stroke o Implied in a more flattened brush stroke o “much under appreciated artist” o interested in what shows a women’s relationship with nature o interesting that this is a woman portraying a woman’s body in her work  Members of this group: o Formed sort of a collective o Learned from art of the 19 century and pulled from this to make it something of their own o **find names on blackboard powerpoint o all were Architecture students, this is how they met, yet they didn’t want to commit to architecture o Manifesto:  A youth movement  Tired of the “stuffy aesthetic” that they found oppressive  Did not like the church and traditional schools  A sense of freedom and youth  Including sexual freedom; this produces a lot of sexual energy in their work  Simple, strong imagery  Direct and with authenticity  Against academic work  Wanted to bridge to a new future and their art would be this bridge  “inner force” and “inner necessity” to drive them  empathy of other things and people and wanted to share this understanding  re-discover their German roots, while at the same time borrowing from other cultures o Influences:  Medieval German art has Gothic influences (typically found in France and England cathedrals)  “Primitive” art from parts of the pacific islands and Africa  Van Gogh  Paul Gauguin  Fauvism: “wild beasts” Henri Matisse and Andre Derain  Friedrich Nietzsche’s “ubermensch” translates to “over man” ore “super man”  The only way to have a powerful existence is to create your own rules  Sensuality of Walt Whitman’s poems  German Gothic woodcuts: very vertical and pointed lines  “Primitive” art o How are they authentic?  They are German o Van Gogh  Loved Japanese prints  Burcke admired him because he was interested in work from other cultures as a way to spring into something different or new  His brother was an art dealer so he was exposed to so many different kinds of art  Liked the way that the Japanese were simple and could make something beautiful out of natural influences  A Primitivist in a way  His brush stroke was almost print making esque- looked like a carving  The Brucke loved this because they loved printmaking  They were basically slumming with people that they thought were natural  Trying to convey something vital and raw and most images are in the nude  “machismo”  The Fauves: o They are all about color o Very focused on the nude in the very natural sense, but this is not a new idea o They were basically slumming with people that they thought were natural o Trying to convey something vital and raw and most images are in the nude o “machismo” The Blue Rider:  total hippies for their time period  only active for 3 years in Munich  Wassily Kandinsky was the head of the group  Only one woman in the group (she and Wassily were partners in life and art)  Kandinsky was drawn to Primitivism and children’s book illustration  Bavarian glass painting: o On stained glass or glass vases o An emphasis on bold line  Biblical image becomes very important to Kandinsky  Bright and bold color  Breaking free of conventions from art and in life “the decade of rebellion”  Influenced by the Cubists and especially Robert Delaunay  Not only about color, but also about abstraction, movement and emotion  Jawlensky: making shapes very distinct and concrete, immense color  He thought that there were too many people in the art world who only care about getting paid for their artwork  Franz Marc: o Trained to be a priest o Very interested in art as an expression of faith and a vehicle toward spiritual experience


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