Anth 311 Week 3 Notes
Anth 311 Week 3 Notes Anth 311
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Popular in Ancient Egypt
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Friday January 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Anth 311 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Ron Schirmer in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Ancient Egypt in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
Reviews for Anth 311 Week 3 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/29/16
1/27/16 Lecture 4: The Egyptian State State Organization Establishment of fortresses at important points Recognition of regional noble families – incipient of “nomes” th th o Formalized by Den, 4 or 5 ruler of First Dynasty Formalization of writing and records of ownership o Official recognition of King’s name by serek Horus perched on a house containing the king’s name Institution of King as head of political complex, and as directly linked to gods o Other officials also received significant burial treatment too General expansion of death cult – unification of all local systems of gods into major systems o Aha instituted Ptah as head God o Consequence of getting more and more and more gods that may or may not be the same God Who’s On First? Generally accepted that Narmer unified Upper and Lower Egypt o Also agreed that he had help from his son, Iti Iti became Aha, the first King who actually built monuments to himself all over Egypt (founded Memphis too) o Who was the first pharaoh then? Then who is Menes? o In the Manetho record, the unifier and founder of Memphis o Menes could actually be Narmer (have multiple different names) In any case, called Thinite Dynasty o Family started as rulers of Thinis By the way, Djer was Aha’s son, but by a minor wife o Main wife Berenb – “Sweet Heart” o Secondary wife Hent o Offspring from any wife can ultimately become king Who becomes king is usually up to the king currently on the throne Aha Two tombs o One at Abydos next to Narmer o One at Saqqara Aha’s tomb at Saqqara first to contain boat o Still needs to go up and down the Nile Three big crypts at Abydos tomb o Aha and offerings Two moderate ones o Wives Bunch of smaller ones o Children, servants, sacrifices (people and animals) st The 1 Dynasty Kings Narmer Aha Djer Djet (Mer-Nieth) o Daughter of Djer o Widow of Djet o Mother/regent of Den Den Anedjib Semerkhet Qa’a (Bird) (Sneferka) Last two only referred to in texts, no kartush or tomb found Evolution of Tombs Just a couple rooms o Naqada III/Dynasty 0 One room for body with offerings One room for offerings Small structure above (Mastaba) Dynasty 1 enclosed the whole thing as rooms and structure inside of a wall o Grew through dynasty Narmer’s wife (Aha’s mother) has first really big one (built by Aha) Queen Niethotep Pits turn into actual rooms in the Mastaba Bunches of rooms under a structure o Simplified by last ruler of first dynasty Qa’a Fewer niches Fewer subsidiary burials Fewer internal rooms Larger superstructure Bunches of structure over a few rooms nd o Continued througrd2 Dynasty, but many were “compromised” by first really huge tomb of 3 Dynasty by Djoser In Djet’s tomb, three false floors indicating a concern about looting 1 Dynasty Tombs at Saqqara 3357 – Aha 3471 – Djer 3503 – Mer-Nieth 3038 – Anedjib nd The 2 Dynasty Kings Hotepsekhemwy o Probably of Thinite line Nebre Ninetjer Weneg Sened o Split and struggle (Nubnefer) (Neferkare) (Neferkaseker) Sekhemib o Religious conversion Peribsen (Hudjefa) o Name erased – question of legitimacy from the people who followed him Khasekemwy o Reunification nd o Nostalgic for the relatives of the first dynasty 2 Dynasty Tombs Starting with Ninetjer, tombs are an underground maze with traps o Very concerned about looting Djoser’s Complex 3 Dynasty ruler Architecture shows a reversion back to 1 dynasty architecture o Symbol of respecting them as the people who first unified Egypt
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'