Listening Exam 2 Notes
Listening Exam 2 Notes COMM 30193
Popular in Listening
Popular in Communication Studies
This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Emily Tall on Friday January 29, 2016. The Bundle belongs to COMM 30193 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. King in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see Listening in Communication Studies at Texas Christian University.
Reviews for Listening Exam 2 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/29/16
▯ EXAM 2 NOTES ▯ 9/21/15 ▯ Acoustic Memory how we can hear two things at once even though our filter only lets through one thing at a time. ▯ Late Selection Theory We listen to all of them but only consciously process one. ▯ Capacity Theory Given amount of attentional capacity ▯ Effective listening is never automatic!! ▯ Either you control your environment, or it will control you. ▯ ▯ 9/25/15 ▯ Action Assembly Theory Predetermined scripts ▯ Short Term Memory: ▯ 1. Phonological Loop ▯ 2. Executive Processing Between ▯ 3. Visual Spatial Sketch Pad ▯ No such thing as attention span: it’s an unwillingness to pay attention ▯ Intelligence is a matter of discipline, not IQ ▯ ▯ 9/30/15 ▯ Rules of Attention: 1. Avoid pseudo-listening (faking attention) 2. Learn how to deal properly with difficult material 3. Know when not to focus attention—when to “scan” 4. Avoid multi-tasking 5. Develop a willingness to listen to messages with which you do not agree (and that are “hard” to listen to as in #2) ▯ Processing is when System 2 actually listens and does something about it. Exposure and Attention don’t even go through the filter Perception comes through the filter as a squiggly line If we don’t agree with information then it will get through our filter, but then be turned away from processing and not be retained ▯ ▯ 10/5/15 ▯ Once you develop a theory, you process information to confirm the theory. ▯ Long term Organization Semantic and episodically Capacity Infinite Duration Years Speed Slower ▯ Short term Organization Chunking Capacity 7 numbers +/- 2 Duration Seconds Speed Fast ▯ Encoding Specificity Whether or not you store information processing properly (with enough specificity) save it for long term Depth of processing o If you’re trying to remember something, you think about it with all your consciousness and how it relates to other things you know ▯ ▯ 10/7/15 ▯ Explicit and Implicit memory Explicit can read the book and know every step by step, but you can’t do it without practice Implicit You’ve been trained to do something, you can do it without thinking ▯ Schema Theory The way you know what you know Framework on which we “hang” ideas and memories ▯ Mnemonics Memory devices Method of Loci (place) o “put” ideas and concepts around a familiar place. Acronym o Letters to remember something (PEMDAS, FACE) Acrostic o Sentence to remember something (Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally, Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge) ▯ ▯ 10/9/15 ▯ Schema maintenance Makes sure the schema remains in order to feel comfortable ▯ Schema Compensation Behaviors Go postal the second you see something close to a schema ▯ Pain avoidance behavior Don’t break the rules ▯ The 5 Rules of Memory Write it Down Have a mental set to remember React actively to the experience (look, listen, talk, think about it at the time it occurs) Refresh your memories at strategic times Keep your thoughts on the meanings of what you intentionally store away ▯ ▯ 10/14/15 ▯ Law of small numbers Small sample sizes don’t mean shit ▯ Concentration is important in comprehensive listening, leafing to better understanding and improved memory. Some reasons suggested for poor concentration include: Listeners attempt to divide their attention between/among various stimuli due to perceptions of time constraints Listeners misdirect their attention due to causes other than time constraints. According to Goffman, misinvolvement may include o External Preoccupation—being easilt distracted by external stimuli and, thus, concentrating on an unrelated stimuli such as a hot room, the sound of a plane, and speaker’s appearance, etc. o Self-consciousness—focusing on how well or how poorly they are doing as interactants in communication situations o Interactions-consciousness—focusing on how the interactions are going as, for instance, hosts would during a dinner party o Other-consciousness—focusing on other participants (their communication skills, personal qualities, viewpoints, etc.) Listeners may be too ego involved Listeners may lack curiosity or drive Listeners may have become conditioned to not pay attention to various stimuli Lack of self-discipline Lack of responsibility ▯ 5 General principles to Note Taking Decide whether or not you need to take notes Decide what types of notes that you should take Identify the organization of the message and reflect it Keep your notes brief so they are notes Keep your notes clear ▯ ▯ 10/16/15 ▯ Anchors Specific options On donation cards, giving specific amount options ▯ Availability Bias Make decisions based on available information without digging any deeper
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'