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Human Biology Notes Days 1-4

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by: Sadie Jaramillo

Human Biology Notes Days 1-4 Biol 100

Marketplace > Fort Hays State University > Biology > Biol 100 > Human Biology Notes Days 1 4
Sadie Jaramillo

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About this Document

These notes cover everything that will be on our next exam
Human Biology
Dr. Eberle
75 ?




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"I love that I can count on (Sadie for top notch notes! Especially around test time..."

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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Sadie Jaramillo on Monday February 1, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Biol 100 at Fort Hays State University taught by Dr. Eberle in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Human Biology in Biology at Fort Hays State University.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
HUMAN BIOLOGY JANUARY 25, 2016 ­ CHEMISTRY • Atoms ­ Protons (+) ­ Electrons (­) orbit Nucle us e^­1 possess energy e^­1 farther from nucleus possess more energy e^­1 can gain or lose energy <2 e^­1 in first orbit <8 e^­1 in second orbit <8 e^­1 in third orbit MOLECULES ­ 2 or more atoms (Oxygen O2) Compound ­ 2 or more kinds of atoms (Water H2O) Ions ­ atoms and molecules can: 1 ­gain e^­1 (reduction) ­lose e^­1 (oxidation) Sodium (Na) ­ 2, 8, 1 —> Na+ (2, 8) Chlorine (Cl) ­ 2, 8, 7 —> Cl­ (2, 8, 8) CHEMICAL BONDS:      4 6 1       5      | —C— O  H N      | Ionic Bonds Na+ + Cl­ —> NaCl Covalent Bonds (shared e) H  |    8+  O — H       8­ Polar Molecules: Hydrogen bonds Hydrophilic ­ Polar can form H bonds with water Hydropolar ­ not polar, cannot form H bonds with water  2 Water Ionizes H2O—>H(+) + OH (­) proton pH ­ Acids (<7) Bases (>7) (7 is neutral, pure water is 7) HCl—> H(+) + Cl (­) = (Hydrochloric Acid) NaOH—> Na (+) + OH (­) = (Sodium Hydroxide, LYE)  pH is a 10­fold charge, exp. 10^3 Coke pH 3.0 = 10^3 Saliva pH 6.0 = 10^6  Therefore coke is 1,000 times more acidic than your mouth Buffers: Molecules that pick up excess hydrogen HCO3(small 3)(­) ­ bicarbonate (tums)  HCO3(­) + H(+)<—> H2Co3 JANUARY 27, 2016 ORGANIC MOLECULES: Carbohydrates: ­Monosaccharides ­Glucose (C6H12O6) ­Disaccharides  ­Sucrose (glucose + fructose) ­Polysaccharides  3 ­Starches ­Glycogen ­Cellulose ­Chilin Lipids: ­Triglycerides (fats and oils) ­Saturated Fats ­Unsaturated Fats ­Hydrogenated Fats (peanut butter) ­Trans Fats ­Waxes ­MONOSATURATED ­Phospholipids ­POLYUNSATURATED ­Sterols N Proteins: ­Amino Acids          N     (20 amino acids in proteins ­ 8 “essential amino acids) N ­Amino Acids = Polypeptides (a bunch of amino acids)  DENATURE ­Protein = one or more polypeptides ­Heat, pH change ­Protein structure (shape) dictates protein function ­Primare Structure Phosphate  ­Secondary Structure Hydrophobic ­Tertiary Structure ­Quaternary Structure 4 February 1, 2016 Cellular Structures ­Ribosome ­Cytoskeleton Endomembrane Structures  ­Rough ER ­Smooth ER ­Golgi Apparatus ­Vesicle ­Mitochondrion ­Plastid ­Chloroplast Mitochondrion and Chloroplast­ 2 membranes and DNA ­Mitochondrion production of energy molecules (ATP) ­Chloroplasts contains chlorophyll  5


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