Religion -- Exam 1
Religion -- Exam 1 BIOL 30603
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by TCU2461 on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Bundle belongs to BIOL 30603 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Akkaraju, Dr. Misamore, Dr. Chumley, Dr. McGillvray in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology in Biology at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Study Guide▯ Exam 1▯ ▯ ▯ People▯ later makes war upon them and is killed. Marcion▯ When she, too, wars upon her husband's - Marcion canon (mid 2nd century CE) was murderers, she is then slain by Enki's son, the ﬁrst attempt at a Christian canon▯ the storm-god Marduk. The heavens and Athanasius▯ the earth are formed from her divided - Athanasius of Alexandria wrote a letter body.▯ to determine when to celebrate Easter, in Kingu▯ - the appendix, he included the earliest list was a god in Babylonian mythology, and of the NT books as to which he should — after the murder of his father Abzu — read. ▯ the consort of the goddess Tiamat, his - This is one of the ﬁrst “established” list mother, who wanted to establish him as for a canon▯ ruler and leader of all gods before she St. Jerome▯ was slain by Marduk. Tiamat gave Kingu - Translated the Greek septuagint and the 3 Tablets of Destiny, which he wore Hebrew text to Latin▯ as a breastplate and which gave him St. Augustine▯ great power. She placed him as the - Abishop that thinks that the general of her army. However, like deuterocanon should still be included in Tiamat, Kingu was eventually slain by the Bible ▯ Marduk.▯ - The fact that they were part of the bible YHWH▯ should overrule the fact that the Jews - It is one of the names of the national God didn’t accept them ▯ of the Israelites used in the Hebrew Bible.▯ Marduk▯ Noah▯ - the chief god of Babylon, who became - patriarch represented as tenth in descent lord of the gods of heaven and earth from Adam. According to a story in after conquering Tiamat, the monster of Genesis, he made the ark that saved his primeval chaos.▯ family and specimens of every animal Tiamat▯ from the Flood.▯ - Tiamat is a chaos monster, a primordial Moses▯ goddess of the ocean, mating with Abzû - Hebrew prophet and lawgiver; brother (the god of fresh water) to produce of Aaron. According to the biblical younger gods. It is suggested that there account, he was born in Egypt and led are two parts to the Tiamat mythos, the the Israelites across the desert toward the ﬁrst in which Tiamat is 'creatrix', through Promised Land. During the journey he a "Sacred marriage" between salt and fresh was inspired by God on Mount Sinai to water, peacefully creating the cosmos write down the Ten Commandments on through successive generations. In the tablets of stone (Exod. 20).▯ second "Chaoskampf" Tiamat is considered Adam▯ the monstrous embodiment of primordial - the ﬁrst man. According to the Book of chaos. In the Enûma Elish, the Babylonian Genesis, Adam was created by God as epic of creation, she gives birth to the ﬁrst the progenitor of the human race and generation of deities; her husband, Apsu, lived with Eve in the Garden of Eden.▯ Eve▯ Jephthah▯ - the ﬁrst woman, wife of Adam and - a judge of Israel who sacriﬁced his mother of Cain and Abel.▯ daughter in consequence of a vow that if Cain▯ victorious in battle he would sacriﬁce the - the eldest son of Adam and Eve and ﬁrst living thing that met him on his murderer of his brother Abel.▯ return.▯ Abel▯ Samson▯ - the second son of Adam and Eve, - an Israelite leader (probably 11th century murdered by his brother Cain.▯ bc) famous for his strength (Judges 13– Ehud▯ 16). He fell in love with Delilah and - is described in the biblical Book of Judges conﬁded to her that his strength lay in as a judge who was sent by God to his uncut hair. She betrayed him to the deliver the Israelites from Moabite Philistines, who cut off his hair and domination.▯ blinded him, but his hair grew again, Eglon▯ and he pulled down the pillars of a ▯ house, destroying himself and a large ▯ gathering of Philistines.▯ Deborah▯ ▯ - a biblical prophet and leader who Delilah▯ inspired the Israelite army to defeat the - a woman who betrayed Samson to the Canaanites. The “Song of Deborah,” a Philistines by revealing to them that the secret of his strength lay in his long hair.▯ song of victory attributed to her, is thought to be one of the oldest sections Jesus▯ of the Bible.▯ - also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth, is Jael▯ the central ﬁgure of Christianity, whom - is a woman mentioned in the Book of the teachings of most Christian Judges in the Bible, as the heroine who denominations hold to be the Son of God. Christianity regards Jesus as the awaited killed Sisera to deliver Israel from the troops of king Jabin. She was the wife of Messiah (or "Christ") of the Old Heber the Kenite.▯ Testament and refers to him as Jesus Sisera▯ Christ, a name that is also used in non- - was commander of the Canaanite army Christian contexts.▯ of King Jabin of Hazor, who is Dionysus▯ - a Greek god, son of Zeus and Semele. He mentioned in Judges 4-5 of the Hebrew Bible. After being defeated by the forces was originally a god of the fertility of of the Israelite tribes of Zebulun and nature, associated with wild and ecstatic Naphtali under the command of Barak religious rites; in later traditions he is a and Deborah, Sisera was killed by Jael, god of wine who loosens inhibitions and who hammered a tent peg into his inspires creativity in music and poetry.▯ ▯ temple.▯ Gideon▯ Places▯ - was, according to the Hebrew Bible, a Babylonia (map)▯ judge of the Israelites. His story is Assyria (map)▯ recorded in chapters 6 to 8 of the Book of - Iron war chariots▯ Judges.▯ - Policy of Transmigraiton▯ - Torture practices (ﬂaying, impaling)▯ ▯ Tigris & Euphrates rivers (map)▯ - Descends into the Dead Sea▯ Egypt (map)▯ “People of the Book”▯ Nile river (map)▯ - Judaism (Jews)▯ Sea of Galilee (map)▯ - Christianity (Christians)▯ - Jordan river (map)▯ Islam (Muslin)▯ Dead Sea (map)▯ canon▯ ▯ - Became a “measuring stick” for religious Dates▯ communities▯ 722/21 BCE▯ Tanak ▯ - Fall of Israel and conquered by the - The Hebrew Bible canon ▯ - Assyrians▯ Earliest form ▯ 587/86▯ - Contains the Torah, Nevi’im, Kethuvim▯ - Fall of Judah and conquered by the torah/Pentateuch▯ Babylonians. First temple is destroyed by - Pentateuch (meaning 5 books)▯ Babylonians▯ - Torah means “instruction”, not “law”▯ - Several new developments:▯ - The only book seen as authoritative▯ 1. New name: “Jews”▯ - Completed in 536 BCE▯ 2. New language: Aramaic▯ nevi’im▯ 3. Reemphasis on Torah▯ - Nevi’im means “prophets”▯ 540/39▯ Subdivisions of Nevi’im▯ - Fall of Babylon▯ - The narrative historical books came to be - Several new developments:▯ called the Former Prophets, and the 1. Origin of Synagogue▯ books associated with prophetic ﬁgures 2. Origin of Sanhedrin▯ were called the Latter Prophets▯ 3. Origin & Role of Scribe▯ - Former prophets▯ 4. Revival of sacriﬁcial system▯ - Latter Prophets▯ 516/15▯ - Completed in 200 BCE▯ - Second temple is built▯ kethuvim▯ - 367 CE▯ Kethuvim means “writing”▯ - Bishop Athanasius of Alexandria writes - Questionable authority▯ his letter with appendix▯ - Completion is uncertain▯ 383▯ Septuagint/LXX▯ - When St. Jerome translated Vulgate Language & Signiﬁcance of LXX▯ canon to Latin from the Septuagint▯ Apocrypha/Deuterocanon▯ ▯ Canonization process of NT▯ Terms & Concepts▯ (3 stages)▯ Babylon▯ 1. Sources▯ - an ancient city in Mesopotamia, the - Oral/written sources▯ capital of Babylonia▯ 2. Documents▯ - Literally means “gate of the gods”▯ - Language: koine Greek▯ - - Cultural inﬂuence on cuniform writing, Letters of Paul▯ ziggurats, and Law Code of Hammurabi▯ - Four Gospels▯ - Enuma Elish ▯ 3. Canon▯ Jordan River▯ - ▯ - Place where Jesus was baptized▯ Earliest NT documents▯ - Literally means, “going down”▯ ▯ Vulgate▯ - Humans are there for a purpose (till - the principal Latin version of the Bible, the land) and not to serve the gods ▯ prepared mainly by St. Jerome ▯ - Establishment of a self▯ - adopted as the ofﬁcial text for the Roman Narrative motifs of Flood myth as type of ▯ Catholic Church.▯ “creation” myth▯ - The Vulgate is what eventually gets - This is more of a recreation myth as he translated to English and other common ﬂoods the Earth (returns it back to chaos) languages▯ then God made a wind blow over the myth▯ earth which is an echo to Gen 1-2. ▯ - Astory that has divine or sacred - What’s being created in this myth: the signiﬁcance to it.▯ cosmic order▯ cosmogony▯ Narrative motifs of Exodus myth as type of ▯ - Story of the origin of the universe▯ “creation” myth▯ cosmology▯ - In the Exodus story, God punishes not - Story about the universe, but says only Pharaoh but all the deities of the nothing about the origin▯ Egyptians.▯ etiology▯ - The wind motif is present again as the - How something comes to be such as the Lord parts the Red Sea.▯ name of a city▯ - What’s being created in this myth: a new Enuma Elish (EE)▯ Hebrew nation▯ symbolism of “water”▯ Pharaoh’s 2 plans to curb Hebrew growth▯ - Chaos▯ - Plan Ais to put the Israelites under personiﬁcation of chaos in EE▯ slavery▯ ANE cosmological perspective▯ - Plan B is infanticide of all males▯ Signiﬁcance of name “YHWH”▯ Narrative motifs of Entry myth as type of ▯ Social context of Genesis 1-2▯ “creation” myth▯ Purpose/structure in Gen 1▯ - Joshua sends spies into the west side of Babylonian view of human nature & ▯ the Jordan River▯ purpose▯ - Spies meet with prostitute to get - Marduk creates human kind from the information. Rehab tells spies “blood of the demons”, therefore, the information in return for her and her nature of human kind is it is sinful, family’s safety. ▯ suggesting we have propensity for - There is a part in the waters again as the violence seeing as though they were Hebrews cross the Jordan River▯ made from blood of demons▯ Symbolism of tree of life▯ Faith crisis of Jews in exile▯ - The Tree of Life represents immortality▯ Cosmological, Social, & Psychological ▯ Symbolism of tree of knowledge of good ▯ functions of Gen 1-2 as myth▯ and evil▯ - Cosmological▯ - The Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil - Everything is made with a purpose▯ represents wisdom (the knowledge of - Social▯ discernment of how to use things)▯ - - Humans are more of a necessity as The fruit was forbidden because he opposed to slaves in Enuma Elish▯ wanted humans to receive their wisdom - Psychological▯ from Him.▯ - Establishment of ego identity▯ ▯ ▯ “Good and evil” (moral & practical views)▯ (timeline)▯ patriarchalism▯ 4 Jewish developments in post-exile ▯ - The idea of a male-dominant society▯ (timeline)▯ Hebrew view of human nature (the 2 cultural inﬂuences of Assyrians▯ Garden of Eden, Cain & Abel, Flood ▯ - Torture practices▯ narratives)▯ - Transmigration ▯ - Humans are seen as sinful, impulsive, 2 cultural inﬂuences of Babylonians▯ weak-minded, followers-not leaders, - Ziggurat ▯ greedy, and ultimately do not ﬁt the - Law Code of Hammurabi ▯ image of God. ▯ 2 major differences between the Hebrew ▯ Garden of Eden & Cain and Abel Bible & the Protestant OT▯ narratives as etiological myths▯ 3 divisions of Hebrew Bible▯ - Explains why serpent crawls on the - Torah▯ ground▯ - Nevi’im▯ - Explains why men are viewed above - Kethuvim▯ men.▯ 3 types of myths▯ - Explains why women have more pains 1. Cosmogonic/Cosmological▯ during child birth▯ - Cosmogony▯ - The Cain/Abel story explains why - Cosmology▯ humans tend to be violent and how they 2. Etiological▯ respond to things.▯ 3. Hero▯ “judge”▯ 4 fundamental differences between Enuma ▯ - Ajudge in the book of Judges is someone elish and Gen 1-2▯ who is to deliver and ultimately settle 5 motifs of hero myths▯ disputes▯ 1. Unusual birth▯ Jephthah’s vow▯ 2. Always a situation that needs “Nazarite”▯ correction▯ - an Israelite consecrated to the service of 3. There is a call that is given to the God, under vows to abstain from hero about a task▯ alcohol, let the hair grow, and avoid - There is usually some kind of deﬁlement by contact with corpses▯ magical aid to the hero▯ Baptism of Jesus and 2 OT concepts▯ 4. There is always a conﬂict with an - Messiah▯ enemy▯ - Suffering Servant▯ 5. Final victory▯ Nature of Jesus’messiahship▯ 4 acts of Gideon indicating his secret ▯ ▯ desire to be king▯ Lists▯ 1. Collection of earrings and removal 6 dimensions of religion▯ of robes and clothing of dead kings▯ - Mythic▯ 2. Made the ephod (idol) which - Ritual▯ indicated he had a special - Ethical▯ connection with God▯ - Experiential▯ 3. Many wives so he could have many - Doctrinal▯ sons▯ - Social▯ 4. Named one of the sons Abemilech 3 Jewish developments in Babylonian which means “my father is king”▯ exile ▯ 4 portraits of Jesus in the gospels▯ 6 similarities between Christian hero story ▯ of Jesus & Grecian hero story of ▯ Dionysus▯ 3 temptations of Satan, their symbolic ▯ meanings, & ultimate objective▯ 1. Turn stone to bread▯ - If Jesus turned all stone to bread, this would solve world hunger and gain a lot of followers▯ - The true temptation is to essentially become and economic messiah▯ 2. Jump off highest point of Temple▯ - If Jesus jumps off and is spared, and people saw him perform this miracle, he would get a lot of followers▯ - The true temptation is to essentially become a miraculous messiah▯ 3. Bow down and worship Satan and Jesus receives all kingdoms of world▯ - Essentially become a political messiah▯
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