Musicology 120 History of Rock Ch. 1 and 2 Notes
Musicology 120 History of Rock Ch. 1 and 2 Notes MUCO 120
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Popular in Art
This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Saxton Long on Thursday February 4, 2016. The Bundle belongs to MUCO 120 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Sean K McCollough in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 134 views. For similar materials see History of Rock in Art at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/04/16
Musicology120 History of Rock Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 Notes Instructor: Sean McCullough Rock instrumentation - Rock song are a mixture of 1. Blues 2. Country 3. Folk - Rock song forms 1. Simple verse form- Music same/ words change with no chorus 2. Simple verse/chorus form- Music same/ lyric chorus that repeats 3. Contrasting verse/chorus form- Music of the chorus is different than the music of the verse 4. AABA form-(used in pop) - Verse Chorus- Says something about the lyrics - Choruses- They usually repeat The problem with labeling music - Lucinda Williams- You cannot label her music effectively because her music doesn’t fit into any specific categories easily - John Mayor-Blues based rock - Other artists include Stevie Ray Vaughn and James Taylor - Wilco- Classified as Indi-rock, they are independently labeled (not on major labels) 1. Roots based music (has a country baseline) 2. Grew out of a genre called alternative country 3. Grew out of a band called Uncle Tupelo 4. Album was called Yankee Hotel Foxtrot - Edgard Varese- Made music using weird noises from radios - Outkast 1. Hip-hop 2. Atlanta based group 3. Funk music 4. Had a number 1 song for 6 weeks 5. They were very good at writing music with a pop hook and that is why they were so successful - Prince 1. He used multiple things from different artists and genres that allowed him to make unique sounds from all over the “United States Cultures” The world before Rock N Roll - African roots of the banjo 1. The banjo grew out of West African Traditions 2. Early banjos were made out of gourds with horse hair as strings 3. Bluegrass emerged around Rock N Roll in the 1940’s 4. You can pick a banjo or downstroke (which is hammering or claw hammering) - Roots of Rock N Roll (3 main roots) 1. Pop (Includes tin pan alley, minstrel shows, black fiddle/banjo) 2. Rhythm and Blues (Includes blues, gospel, and jazz) 3. Country (Includes hillbilly, folk fiddle, and British ballads) 4. All of these roots are tied together in some way 5. Rock was mostly made out of rhythm and blues (R&B) - The ballad tradition 1. Consists of story songs 2. Acappella (Went back 300-400 years from British Isles) Ex. “Lord Daniel” 3. Popular in the Appalachian Region - The Fiddle Tradition 1. The most common rural instrument in the South 2. It is a dance instrument 3. The fiddle was very important in the birth of our country - Blackface minstrel shows 1. Made of sheet music 2. Heavy on string band instruments 3. Good example of how white people used black musical styles (borrowed elements from African Americans such as fiddle, or banjo) 4. Jim Crow (Example of a Minstrel character) 5. Most of these songs were very racist and made fun of people - Stepstn Foster 1. 1 great composer of American Pop Music 2. Wrote many minstrel songs 3. Sold sheet music - String bands 1. Performed minstrel songs 2. The humor influenced country music (such as hillbilly music) Ex. Song called “Soldiers Boy” sung by the Skillet Lickers - The Bristol Sessions (1927) 1. Known as the big bang of country music a. Ralf Peter- He went to Bristol, Tennessee and set up recording stations there for 10 days. He found two stars. (Carter family and Jimmie Rogers) 2. The Carter family- Known as the 1 family of country music 3. Jimmie Rogers- Known as the father of country music - Hank Williams 1. Learned from Black musicians like other great country stars Ex. “Move It On Over” (Basically a R&B song) 2. He died in Knoxville, Tennessee from drugs and alcohol - The sheet music industry 1. Before recordings were made 2. Sheet music became centralized in a place in New York called Tin-Pan Alley 3. Tin-Pan Alley- A place where publishers would buy songs and print them as sheet music Ex. “Over The Rainbow” by Judy Garland from The Wizard of Oz - Professional songwriters and the birth of the “Crooner” 1. Irving Berlin- sung “White Christmas” (A Tin-Pan pop song) 2. Bill Crosby- He was a Crooner (A belting singer) - “All American music is African-American music” – Steve Young - New Orleans 1. More complex rules about race 2. If you had more “white” blood than “black” blood, you could pass through some of the race laws during certain time periods 3. Congo Square a. Place where African-Americans could dance and play music at free will without subject to law (On Sundays) b. This was the only place like this in the entire United States African-American musical elements - Mbira- Had bottle caps on it almost like a tambourine - Rattle and Buzz- Values dirtying sound - Improvisation- Making it up as you go along - Call and Response- Lead singer calls something out, responders respond - Polyrhythms- Different rhythms ongoing at the same time - Rhythmic syncopation- Deals with meter, emphasis on somewhere besides the downbeat - Swing feel- Idea of taking beat and swinging it - Blues note- Bundling notes by playing with the pitch - Blues scales- Same as Blues note Work songs - Kept the beat by hammering or stomping to a beat Spirituals - Bessie Jones and the Sea Island Singers- “Sheep, Sheep, Don’t You Know the Road”
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