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Napoleon & other info

by: Alexis Bussiere

Napoleon & other info HST016

Marketplace > University of Vermont > History > HST016 > Napoleon other info
Alexis Bussiere

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About this Document

class notes from Feb 4th & 8th
European History
Prof. Susanna Schrafstetter
history, European History, Napoleon Bonaparte, The Constitution
75 ?




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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Alexis Bussiere on Friday February 5, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HST016 at University of Vermont taught by Prof. Susanna Schrafstetter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see European History in History at University of Vermont.


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Date Created: 02/05/16
The  constitution  of  1791 Monday,  February  1,  3:28  PM The  civil  constitution  of  the  clergy,  1790 • Church  lands  are  auctioned  /  confiscated   • Power  of  church  is  reduced   • Pope  condemned  constitution   • The  1st  major  plunder  that  revolutionaries  took  on  catholic  church Radical  phase-­-­France  becomes  a  republic  1792 -­1794: • Leaders  of  foreign  states  that  this  would  be  "contagious"   • King  &  queen  are  monarchs • The  church  &  nobility  opposed • Nobility  fled  and  was  telling  everyone  about  what  was  going  on  in  Paris Counterrevolutionary  forces  vs.  radical  revolutionaries: The  Jacobins  &   Sans  coulottes  in  the  Paris  Commune June  1791royal  family  tried  to  flee  the  country-­-­Paris-­-­stopped  in  a  town  called   Varennes Prussia  &  Austria  tried  to  save  royal  family Royal  family  wanted  war bc  they  thought  France  would  be  defeated  &  old   regime  would  be  reestablished   1. Radical  revolutionaries  wanted  war bc  they  wanted  to  radicalize  the   population  &  try  to  spread  the  revolution  abroad 2. France  goes  to  war-­-­ April  1792 • With  Austria • The  interests  of  the  radical  revolutionaries  &  Louis  XVI • Increasing  tension   • Britian  during  the  night  after  the  declaration  of  war  was  issued  War  song   for  the  army  of  Marseillaise  (French  national  anthem)   • The  song  lead  France  to  revolutionary  wars • With  Prussia  after  war  with  Austria 3. Actions  leading  to  further  escalation: • Imprisonment  of  royal  family   ugust  1792 • The  September  massacresS   eptember  1792 • Elections  for  the  convention-­-­new  assembly  called  the  convention • With  Prussia  after  war  with  Austria 3. Actions  leading  to  further  escalation: • Imprisonment  of  royal  family   ugust  1792 • The  September  massacresS   eptember  1792 • Elections  for  the  convention-­-­new  assembly  called  the  convention 4. The  convention • France  becomes  a  republic-­-­September  1792 • Execution  of  Louis  XVI-­-­January  1793   5. The  committee  of  public  safety  &  war  against  European  powers • Being  more  than  just  an  emergency  committee • Getting  rid  of  the  enemies  of  general  will 6. Maximilien  Robespierre  &  the  reign  of  terror n (luding  the  execution   of  Queen  Marie  Antoinette  October  1793) • Donton  main  victim   • Radicals  wanted  to  move  society  away  from  Christian  lifestyle       Military  effor  -­Lazare  Carnot   Maximilien  Robespierr-­ -­reign  of  terror,  a  decent/  honest  person,  fighting  for   his  ideas  out  of  conviction   George  Jacques  Danton -­-­ associated  with  populist  element     February  8,  2016-­-­ notes  continued 7. Measures  to  de -­Christianize  France-­-­ • The  cult  of  the  supreme  bei-­-­introducing  deist  religion • Introduction  of  a  new  calenda-­-­republican  calendar  that  would  lead   France  away  from  Christian  calendar -­-­new  calendar  that  had  different   months,  longer  weeks,  et-­-­considered  to  be  more  "rational"   • Festival  of  supreme  being-­1794-­-­ not  only  break  power  of  church  but  to   introduce  deist  religion  that  worshiped  rational  supreme  being Fearing  that  they  might  be  among  others  on  the  guillotine   • The  Thermidorian  reaction:  Return  to  more  moderate  rule:  179-­ 1799 • The  execution  of  Robespierre • The  directory  (lower  house)-­-­new  center  of  por-­ 5  person  executive   counsel-­-­top  of  new  govt  that  would  be  selected  by  a  broader  counsel  of   elders  (upper  house)   • The  rise  of  Napoleon  Bonaparte Sons  -­Coulotte  members  arrested   • • Abbe  Sieyes-­-­ directory-­-­wrote  3rd  estate  deserves  political  power -­-­ 3rd   • The  directory  (lower  house)-­-­new  center  of  por-­ 5  person  executive   counsel-­-­top  of  new  govt  that  would  be  selected  by  a  broader  counsel  of   elders  (upper  house)   • The  rise  of  Napoleon  Bonaparte • Sons  -­Coulotte  members  arrested   • Abbe  Sieyes-­-­ directory-­-­wrote  3rd  estate  deserves  political  power -­-­ 3rd   estates  genera-­l-­became  a  member  of  public  safety The  era  of  Napoleon I. Napoleon  seizes  power  (1799) • The  crisis  of  Directory   ○ Had  to  mange  war  against  European  powers ○ Abbe-­-­introduce  more  restrictive  constitution  and  come  up  with   more  power  within  himself  for  the  Directo-­hough  could  use   Napoleon   ○ Napoleon  Bonaparte-­-­used  Abbe  to  establish  his  power  &  himself   rather  than  help  Abbe-­-­also  introduced  his  own  constitu-­cleared   out  assembly  and  used  himself  as  the  "strong  man" • Napoleon's  coup  (1799) II. Napoleonic  rule  inside  France: Dictatorship  VS  reforms • Constitution  of  the  year  VIII  (1799) • 1804  Napoleon  declares  himself  empero -­tried  to  overcome  the   divisions  of  the  F.  Revolutn-­tried  to  create/reward  personal  loyalty  that   he  understood  individual  achievemen -truthless  towards  enemies-­-­ promised  stability  after  the  revolutionary  turmoil     • 1804  the  Code  Civil  (code  napoleon -)equality  before  the  law,  special   privileges  abolished-­-­nobility  didn’t  get  back  special  privileges,  religious   freedom,  feudal  dues  feudal  rights  were  abolished,  guaranteed  all  forms   of  property,  peasants  gained  property  under  the  F.  revolutions,  workers   revolution  was  forbidden,  economic  liberty  toward  free  trade  was  also  in   line  with  enlightenment  ideas  about  economic  liberty/  free  tr-est  time   unified  French  laws • Church  reform:  The  Concordat  (1801)  with  Pope  Pius  VII -­-­states  that   Catholicism  was  the  religion  of  the  majority  of  the  French  citizens   • Administrative  reforms-­-­administrative  efficiency/rationality,  building   modernization,  central  govt  had  a  better  reach  


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