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History 131

by: Meghan Arsenault

History 131 HIST131

Meghan Arsenault
Bridgewater State University
GPA 3.6

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Mesopotamia Questions 1
World History to 1500
Steven Baden
75 ?




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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Meghan Arsenault on Saturday February 6, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST131 at Bridgewater State University taught by Steven Baden in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see World History to 1500 in History at Bridgewater State University.

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Date Created: 02/06/16
Meghan Arsenault HIST 131­008 TQ 01 Mesopotamia 1. A) Give a literal definition of the word Mesopotamia B) Name the two rivers A) Mesopotamia: the land between two rivers (Greek origin) B) The two rivers surrounding Mesopotamia are the Tigris and Euphrates River.  2. What things or skills were developed in Mesopotamia? List at least four of  them.  Developments that Mesopotamia was responsible for are: domestication of  animals, agriculture, common tools, the chariot, wine, beer, and the division of  time into hours, minutes, and seconds.  3. Using the internet, answer on which rivers you would find the following:  A. Baghdad B. Babylon A. Baghdad can be found along the Tigris river B. Babylon can be found along the Euphrates River 4. Which two metals make up the following alloys? A. Brass B. Bronze A. The alloy brass is made up of copper and zinc B. The alloy bronze is made up of copper and a tad bit of tin (in it’s pure form) 5. Sargon I founded Akkad. Describe what his mother did with him when he  was a baby.  When Sargon was a baby, his mother put him in a covered basket and placed  him in the river and he floated away.  6. A) How does this story of Moses resemble that in #5? B) Can you guess why these stories might be similar? A. Similar to Sargon, Moses’ mother also placed him in a basket along the river  and left the baby for someone else to find.  B. These stories are similar because both babies were left in baskets for other  people to find, but they are both myths.  7. Define: A. Ziggurat B. Cuneiform A. Ziggurats are massive structures built in the ancient Mesopotamia. They have the form of a terraced step pyramid with receding levels.  B. Cuneiform is one of the earliest systems of writing distinguished by wedge­ shaped marks on clay tablets.  8. A) Give two examples of how these 10 laws seems ancient rather than  modern.  B) By contrast, give two examples of how some of these laws seem  modern.  A. One example of how these laws seem ancient rather than modern is law #2. If  someone is accused of a crime, they are placed in water. If they sink, they are  found guilty, but if they are unharmed, the person who accused them is put to  death. This reminds me of the Salem Witch Trials. Another example is law #3.  The elders, rather than military or courts decide the fate of the accused.  B. Laws such as #5 and #8 are more modern in which the accused must pay a  significant fine, depending on the significance of the crime.  9. Give two notable features of this entire section that you find significant.  Law #196 is an eye for an eye. Whatever happens to you must happen to the  person who caused the crime.  Law #198 and #199 do not follow law 196 because the accused must pay a fine,  if they are a slave.  10. Give three specific examples where the Exodus code is similar to the  section in #9.   Man will be put to death as a penalty  Eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth, hand for a hand, foot for a foot  Accused must pay a fine, if they are freeborn.                Meghan Arsenault 1. WHY does Ereshkigal kill Inanna? It seems a little unclear as to why Ereshkigal killed her sister Inanna. We know that Inanna went to the underworld because Ereshkigal’s husband had died. I believe that the reason for Inanna’s death was because Ereshkigal was furious with her sister for not believing the same beliefs that she did. The two sisters believed in the complete opposite views of one another. Inanna tried to convince Ereshkigal that her ways were correct, but Ereshkigal killed her instead of accepting her sister. 2. A.How do the two creatures (Kugarra and Galatur) please Ereshkigal? The two creatures please Ereshkigal by signing with her as she is complaining of pain. When Ereshkigal cried “My insides”, the creatures responded by saying “your insides.” B. In order for Inanna to live, what must she choose from among the living? In order for Inanna to live, someone among the living must take her place. 3. Which 3 does Inanna spare and WHY? Inanna spares Ninshubur, Shara, and Lulal. She spares the three of them because when the tree of them saw Inanna, they were willing to take her place. 4. Why is Dumuzi chosen? (What is he not doing that he should be doing?) Although Dumuzi is her husband, Inanna chooses him because unlike the three others, Dumuzi does not throw himself in the dust at her feet. Be remains seated in his thrown. 5. How did Samas (Shamash) help with justice in the following: a. The serpent’s complaint Samas told the serpent to find the spot where the wild bull was and go inside. Eventually, the eagle, along with other birds, would come to feast on the dead bull. When the timing was right, the serpent is to jump out and grab the eagle by the wings and clip them, causing the eagle to eventually die of hunger and thirst. b. The eagle’s complain against Etana Samas did not want to help the eagle because of what the eagle had done. Instead, he sent Etana and go find the eagle and maybe he would be able to help. 6. A. Why did God send the flood? How long did it rain AND how long was the flood? God sent the flood because he realized how cruel the human race had turned out to be and he had regrets about creating humans in the first place. It rained for forty days and forty nights. The waters flooded the earth for a hundred and fifty days. B. Describe the two types of birds Noah sent out Noah sent out a raven which kept flying until the water had dried up from the earth. Noah then sent out a dove to see if the dove could find out if the water had receded from the surface of the ground. The dove could not tell if this was true so he went back to the arc. Noah then sent out the dove again, the dove returned an olive leaf. The dove went out for a third time, but never returned. 7. A. Explain the sacrifice and God’s reaction to it. Noah took parts of clean animals and birds, and sacrificed burnt offering onto the alter he build for the lord. God reacted by assuring Noah that he will never again curse the ground because of humans, and he will never again destroy all living creatures. B. WHY is the rainbow made specifically? The rainbow is created as a sign of the covenant between god and the earth. Whenever the clouds and the rainbow appear, God will remember the covenant. 8. A. What horrible thing does Ham do? It is hard to tell, but I think Ham covers his father’s naked body. B. Who gets cursed for it? Canaan, Ham’s son, gets cursed for it. 9. Compare/contrast as much as you can between the Genesis and Gilgamesh floods. Make at least three comparisons and at least two contrasts.  Both floods took place in ancient times.  Two men were each directed to build the ark to save a group of people/animals.  Both arks were huge and had a single door and at least one window  The time of the floods were different. Genesis flood lasted 40 days and 40 nights, while Gilgamesh flood lasted 6 days and 6 nights.  Noah received the order to build the arc directly from God, while Utnapishtim’s was in a dream 10. Utanapishtim gives Gilgamesh a plant like a boxthorn. What is it for and what eats it? If his hands can reach the plant, he will become a young man again. A snake ends up eating the plant.


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