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EDPS 260- Flashcards for Exam 1

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by: Brittany Mayfield

EDPS 260- Flashcards for Exam 1 EDPS 260

Brittany Mayfield
GPA 4.0

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These flashcards covered the material for our first exam of the semester. The information in these notes are from the in-class lecture, not the textbook.
Human Growth and Development for elementary education
Education: Child Development and Psychology
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"Can you just teach this course please? lol :)"
Destini Cole DVM

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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Brittany Mayfield on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Bundle belongs to EDPS 260 at Ball State University taught by Blankenship in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Human Growth and Development for elementary education in Education and Teacher Studies at Ball State University.

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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)

-Destini Cole DVM


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Date Created: 02/07/16
EDPSY Exam 1 Study online 1. 2nd Trimester middle (mother can feel 18. Behaviorism: one of the first/most developed theories movements) John Watson behavior > mind classical conditions applied tokids (Pavlov) 2. 3 basic issues: - continuous v.discontinuous - one cours or many 19. Behaviorism: operant conditioning (rewards > - nature v.nurture Skinner punishments) 3. used toincrease/decrease behaviors The 3 domainshave a Bidirectional (changes in one result _________ relationship. in changes in another) 20. caffeine higher heart rate = danger 4. 3 domainsof - physical 21. Case Study -comboof self report and systematic developmental change - cognitive -over one UNIQUE individual - emotional/social -in depth -not able togeneralize results 5. 3rd Trimester age of viability (if baby born now, 22. chance of surviving) Child - area of study devoted tochange in development individuals during childhood to 6. 5 statesofarousal -regular (NREM) (sleep/wake-fulness) -irregular (REM) adolescence - part of a larger field:developmental -drowsiness science (same thing but whole life span) -quiet alertness -waking activity and crying 23. chromosome store & transmit genetic information (DNA) 7. 24. 22-26 weeks fetus spends more time awake Chronosystem layer 4 how babies from 1900 will grow up and 8. 30-34 weeks rhythmic alterations between sleep and awake interact differently than modern ones 25. cognitive intellectual abilities, memory, attention, 9. accutane acne medication (sign waiver) problem solving 10.adaptive value purpose of reflex/how it benefits 26. Cognitive Piaget baby (survival, interaction, etc) Developmental -adaptation (IMPORTANT) 11.adolescence - 11 to18 Theory -how children adapt and build skills based - more responsibilities on environment - romantic interests -four stages - schooling - self concept 27. Common systematic observations methodsof self reports 12. Affluence -rich parents = less time for kids research case study -less supervision ethnography -socially demanding lives -jobs are important 28. Conception -once every 28 days ovum bursts from ovaries and goest tofallopian tubes -lower emotional closeness -sperm can live up to6 days -parents may value accomplishments over behavior -conception usually happen from intercourse during 3 day period before and -Ethan Couch:affluenza during ovulation 13.alcohol -25% 29. Correlational -infogathered on individuals but noeffort -fetal alcohol spectrum disorder -just don't drink ANY made toalter experience -nocause & effect 14.anti-depressants early delivery -usually see twovariables 15.aspirin don't take daily, low birth weight -correlational coefficient (positive/strength) {+}= test scores {--} 16.Babinski tickle the foot = they flex 30. 17.Behaviorism based on research CrossSectional -groups of people with differing ages Dev. Design studied at the same time directly observable events -collect all data at once stimulus and response -noindividual change 31. crying -communication -soothing techniques -abnormal crying = brain damage/colic 32.Cultural Context -shapes every aspect of daily life 46.emotional stress -can stress baby out -different values -low birth weight -subcultures (groups of people whoshare -higher rate of colic beliefs and customs) -respiratory illness -extended family households (living with **Social support helps with this a other adult relatives) lot! 33.Cultural China 47.Erikson Psychosocial Context: focus on teamwork & being part of society -emphasized EGO as positive Collectivist force 34.Cultural U.S. -added more stages -normal development must be Context: focused on "your own awards" understood in relation tocultural Individualist context 35.Developmental ...yep...there are twotypes Design 48.Ethnography study of culture collect different data types while family discipline living there influences: reward/punishment 49.Ethology & Evolutionary values behavior and survival relationship Developmental how toprocreate and pass on 37.dizygote -twins Psychology genes -twozygotes imprinting (baby birds run to -can look different mom) -fraternal sensitive/critical periods (only one 38.Down Syndrome -caused by failure of 21st chromosomes to point at which tolearn) facts separate during meiosis 50.Evolutionary theory Charles Darwin -three rather than 2 in a pair survival of the fittest -causes intellectual disability, natural selection memory/speech problems, slow motor adaptation development, physical characteristics 51.EXAMPLE TIME OH YEAH 39.drowsiness falling asleep/waking up, gazed look 52.exercise -donormal amount 40.Dynamic -everything else interacts with everything -don't over stress Systems else -fit moms = less discomfort -Physical, Social/Emotional, and Mental 53.Exosystem layer 3 branches interloping as the child gets older parents' friends, neighbors, co- workers, doctors 41.Early Childhood - 2 to6 people not always interacted with - motor skills refined 54.Experimental -cause & effect - self control -divides variables - make friends --independent:expected tocause 42.Ecological Bronfenbrenner changes SystemsTheory the child develops within a complex --dependent:expected tobe system (layers) influenced 43.ego consciousness -ex.test scores and time spent 44. studying emerging - 18 to25 adulthood - career development 55.Eye blink protects the eye - adult role with help 56.Familiesare smaller -older women = less child bearing 45.emotional/social emotional communication, interpersonal nowadaysbecause... years -more focus on careers skills, moral reasoning, reading/expressing emotions -birth control -choice 57.Family -greatest environmental influence -bidirectional influences 58.Finally... YOU FRIGGIN' DID IT!!!:D I'm so 73. Information Processing -studies all parts of cognition proud of you, girl! -uses stats tostudy mental 59.Freud Psychosexual processes -flow charts/diagrams -healthy personality based on -concerned with scientific rigor how parent manages sexual drives **helps with education and effective teaching -personality made up of id, ego, and superego 74. Irregular (REM) eye movements, grimaces, limb movements, breathing irregularity 60.gametes sex cells 75. Longitudinal Dev. -studies the same group of 61.genotype genetic makeup Design individuals at different ages 62.Here comesthe 6 WOOHOO -same variable, different ages periodsof -watch growth over time development... -cohort effect (everyone experiences it together and 63.heroine or cocaine 4%of pregnant women use changes the data) 64.High SES linked to better outcomes -drop outs common values psychological traits -retesting skills grow high cognition 76. language development Low SES linked to worse outcomes less likely tohave behavior value external characteristics problems coercive discipline 65.How did people see kids -good tobe a kid 77. Macrosystem layer 4 in... Medieval times? -childhood was a distinct aspect of values, law, cultures, customs life 78. maternal age -30's to40's = higher risk of -depicted as both good and evil infertility, miscarriage, or 66.How did people see kids -more humane ideas of rearing chromosomal defects in...the Enlightenment? -John Locke (tabula rasa-blank 79. Maternal Factorsto LET'S DO THIS! slate) influence prenatal -Jean-Jacques Rosseau (natural development... understanding of right and 80. Mental Testing Alfred Binet wrong) Movement intelligence test 67.How did people see kids - inherently evil identify children with learning in... the Reformation? - Puritan beliefs problems - had tobe civilized through measured intelligence punishment 81. merijuana lack of sleep, attention, and 68.hypothesis prediction drawn from a theory memory biological desires and needs 82. Mesosystem layer 2 70.indirect coparenting how family, neighbors, friends, parental conflict and children interact 71.Infancy and - birth to2yrs 83. microgenetic give students a bunch of tests in Toddlerhood - dramatic changes in motor, one or twodays time tolook for small changes perception, and intellect 84. 72.infectiousdiseases -major issues/huge cause of Microsystem individuals, immediate family, miscarriages daycare, neighbors -HIV 85. Middle Childhood - 6 to11 -herpes - new responsibilities -toxoplasmosis (cat poop) - athletics - self understanding 86. 101. monozygotic -twins Poverty -13%of people in the U.S.are "poor" -zygote divides intotwo -most influenced: -identical (except for --young parents environmental factors) ---elderly ---ethnic minorities 87. More talk about... BEBES :D ---women 88. moro (clingsto you mammals that run with infant on -poverty rate is higher among when falling) back (survival?) children than any other group 89. Most common Down sydnrome -weakens family system chromosomal 102.Prenatal *most dramatic abnormality - conception tobirth 90. Neighborhoods/Schools -esp.important for low SES - moves from one cell toa BABY!:) -offers resources and social ties 103.Prenatal Periods [Free Pass] -children spend and average of (NOT trimesters) 14,000 hours before graduation 104.P.S. You're half way there!! 91. NEW TOPIC: Scientific You can dothis! Research 105.quiet alertness body relatively inactive, attentive, even breath, open eyes 92. Normative Approach Stanley Hall and Arnold Gesell 106. statistics radiation/x-rays -underdeveloped brain -physical deformities development is genetically determined -slow physical growth age related averages based on 107.Random randomizing variables (which many individuals participants are in which groups) 93. nutrition -1st trimester = most important 108.reflex inborn, automatic response toa -malnutrition causes damage to particular form of stimulation baby;surpasses immune system 109.Regular (NREM) full rest with nobody or eye 94. palmar grasp bonding, reach development movement 95. Period 1 -ZYGOTE 110.research design act of designing a study/ overall plan -2 weeks 111.Research Designs correlational -fertilization experimental -implantation random assignment -start of placenta developmental design 96. Period 2 -EMBRYO 112.research methods what participants will doin the study -6 weeks 113. -arms, legs, face and muscles rooting (rub the bonding, breast feeding cheek, baby turns) -heart begins tobeat 114.Self -conversation style 97. Period 3 -TRIMESTERS & FETUS -3rd month:organs, muscles, Reports/Interviews: -more flexible nervous system Clinical -noset of questions -could have primary questions -Week 12:external genitals **Participant leads 98. phenotype directly observable characterisics -collects tons of info 99. Physical body size, function of body -might tell inforesearcher not system, motor skills interested in 100.pollution -mercury 115.Self -set questions -lead Reports/Interviews: -good:more efficient -indistrialization (bad air) Structured -bad:nodepth of info -dioxins 116.Sensory YOU'RE ALMOST THERE!!! 117.SLT: Bandura modeling (ex.4 year old cussing) currently stresses cognition 118.Social Learning children learn through other people Theory 119.Sociocultural *important for El-Ed 134.tobacco -14%of women smoke Theory Vygotsky -causes: -stresses how culture relates to --miscarriage development --low birth weight -social interaction is most important to --impaired heart rate development --colic -socially mediated processes (things that --passive/second hand children need help with) smoke --less attentive tosounds 120.Socioeconomic -index of a family's social position based on Status parent education, job, and money 135.touch -reflexive response to -linked totiming of parenthood and/or touch on mouth, palms, family size soles, and genitals 121.sound -prefers song over repeated beat -sensitive topain -sever pain/stress can -can learn patterns within days -hears a wide variety disrupt capacity to regulate stress -sensitive tovoices -relieve pain with sugar, -biologically prepared tolearn languages breast milk, coddling, 122.stepping ... and analgesics 123.suckling survival:GOTTA EAT 136. up next... environmental contexts 124.superego conscience (not based on research) for development (#Bronfenbrenner) 125.swimming survival (?) -least developed 126.Systematic -enter natural environment -unable tofocus/see Observations: -reflect everyday behavior long distance Naturalistic -not all individuals will be able todisplay -scans for interesting target behavior things 127.Systematic -lab setting -vision becomes adult Observations: -repeat scenarios for each individual like after 4 months Structured -does not explain behavior 138.waking activity and crying uncoordinated body 128. taste & smell -prefer sweet tastes at birth activity/ irregular -quickly/ briefly likes new tastes breathing -displays odor preference 139. -can What happensto the reflexesin reflexes disappear due the first 6 months? togradual increase in 129.teratogen any environmental agent that causes voluntary control damage during the prenatal period 140.Why isthe embryonic period time when most (genetic make up, age, dosage) the most important stage of susceptible to 130.Thalidomide -given tomoms for nausea;caused babies development for the fetus? environmental/maternal tonot grow certain limbs factors 131.Theory an integrative set of statements that predict, explain, and describe behavior 132.Time for.... MID TWENTIETH CENTURY THEORIES! 133.Time to talk BABIES! about... They socute! {just like you}


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