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POSC 311 Feb. 1-Feb. 5

by: Audra Oul

POSC 311 Feb. 1-Feb. 5 POSC 311

Audra Oul
Long Beach State

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Articles of Confederation U.S. Constitution Negative Freedom Positive Freedom Lemon Test
Constitutional Law Power
James Fox
Constitutional Law Power
75 ?




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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Audra Oul on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Bundle belongs to POSC 311 at California State University Long Beach taught by James Fox in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Constitutional Law Power in Political Science at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 02/07/16
Monday, February 1, 2016 Donald Trump: Mexico is going to pay, tell Panama to get out of the way  Sanders: Education is going to be fixed, lower your tax rates, give you more cost and cost less President Obama: became president promise for change every bill that pass for  Historic time: came over from England, find land, Native Americans found bountiful  Macintosh vs. Johnson: Macintosh was an Indian was not able to get the land from a white guy Johnson can get the land because Native American will not be using the land.  What we use in the land, we get back. Only use what we need to survive. England started taxing us.  Articles of Confederation had rules because the new country was afraid of a monarchy. The  smart men, and rich landowners  Each states/13 colonies can count on their own rules. Come with the national rule.  President of Congress­First president not George Washington but 2 or 3 of them are people of  color Shay’s Rebellion­going bankrupt on their farms, not going to take their farms, owed 75 million  after the national debt  Without stronger national government, not going to see the end Articles of Confederation Revised in Philadelphia in the constitutional convention  Fix the old one and get a new one Did it in secret  John Locke had natural rights: life, liberty, and property  Montesquieu idea on three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judiciary  Each state has its own sovereignty  Need a stronger government­start with central government  Due process clause­cannot deprive life, liberty, and property without due process clause  Congress appoints, idea of president, and executive branch  1. Based on representation: majority controls  Rhode Island and Delaware 2. Based on delegates When northern states did not want slaves to be represented Southern States has difference in opinions Three Fifths Compromise: every fifth slaves should be counted as three members in  representation  Virginia plan  Based on population  Great Compromise /Connecticut compromise  Came up with the bicameral system  Congress: Senate and House of Representatives  Every states gets 2 senators   *Staggered elections: Every two years, one third of Senate gets part of the election  House of Representatives­elections are every 2 years Senate­elections are every 2 years  *Senate is the breaking system Article I­Congress Article II­deals with the President  Articles of Confederation needs uniramous approval  9 out 13 states need to ratify first to become constitution  Franklin Delano Roosevelt held the standards for president to have a limit to terms U.S. Constitution ratified in 1789 Federalist based on rule of law  Rule of law­applies to everybody  Separation of powers:  3 branches of government; checks and balances  Federalism: balance between state and national government  Supremacy clause: the law should follow the federal government when there is conflict with the national government and the state government  Example: California reads the Miranda Rights and had to sign because state add a rule to sign  rather than just read for protection States had additional requirement for protection, which is okay.  The federal government override the state power only if conflict  Individual rights: unalienable rights of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness  Constant balancing act  Individual protection versus societal goods  Anyone can own a gun can carry it, court needs, courts have to decide  Negative Freedom: freedom from the government, leaves us alone, let us make ourselves:  Social Dwarnism,  Believe in Laissez Faire,  Industrial revolution Henry Ford created the Ford Motor Company Not agricultural society Having issues with the haves and have nots in industrial revolution  Stock market crashes  No FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)  Jobs starts to dry out  The Great Depression because of no more jobs World War I occurred next Limited government to more involved government  Positive Freedom: Cannot meet potential without government intervention. Some section of the population can reach population without interaction but cannot reach potential without government.  American Disability Act (ADA) meant for potential of individual regardless of disability  FDIC created to monitor trading rules Laissez­faire to Keynesian economics  Laissez­faire is letting people be  Keynesian economics­ government need to be involved in policies  Judicial review: duty to interpret  Marbury v. Madison: Is this appointment valid? A political question/ a political decision for John Adams to appoint delivery of commissions Plessy v. Ferguson: power of the court  16  amendment: Congress required income tax Individual Right:  6  amendment: right to trial by jury  Defendant also have the right to a bench trial Rights against Ex Post Facto Laws: the change of law occurred so excused from crime  *Limited prosecution of treason Bill of Rights­ an afterthought, by James Madison, establishment clause: cannot establish  Christianity religion, Congress cannot pass laws for primary religion  LEMON TEST: 3 tests in Lemon vs. Kurtz to see if violate establishment clause  Have to be secular, there are limitation, there are consequences  For example, that applies to freedom of speech  Texas vs. Johnson­ Texas stature made it illegal to desecrate an American flag, symbolic speech  3  amendment­cannot quarter troops in home th 4  amendment­prohibited unreasonable search and seizures  th 5  amendment: rights against self­incrimination and double jeopardy (cannot be charge  for same offense) against arbitrary dominant domain: government says can get property for this  6  amendment: trial to speedy trail, misdemeanors trial begins in a year, a felony a trial begins in 3 years  Confirmation clause: Crawford v. Washington, have the right to take accuser in court and testify Gideon vs. Wainwright: can get assistance with counsel if indigent, assistance of counsel if  cannot afford lawyer, public defender, Clarence Earl Gideon robbed the vending machine in  Panama City, Florida *Assistance of counsel after critical phase 8  amendment: against cruel and unusual punishment The bail ordered by court to ensure in court and public safety issue  Trial by ordeal: those are guilty  9  amendment: rights retrained to the people  10  amendment: power to the states  Full faith Credit Clause: get married in California do not need to get remarried in New Jersey,  the states need to protect public proceedings of another state  Stare decisis: stare at the decision, look back, looks at the precedence, look down the line,  Scalia says can benefit the judges  Originalism: should take the Constitution as it was created, all men created equal did not  mean women because women no in politics, could not vote, or trouble themselves with  something beyond at the time of creation of Constitution  Textualism: Scalia draws his line to mean do not mean original intent but the *original  meaning.  Judicial Activism: being involved in changing the law, Bush vs. Gore: need to recount votes,  Roe vs. Wade: critical active case for deciding and following 


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