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St. Augustine's Life

by: Wendell Rodrigues

St. Augustine's Life HUM1B

Wendell Rodrigues

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About this Document

Hum1B Lecture (Peter) Week 3 Day 1 Tuesday February 9th
Humanities Honors 1B
Dr. Cooper
Humanities, honors, HUM1B, Augustine
75 ?




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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Wendell Rodrigues on Sunday February 7, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HUM1B at San Jose State University taught by Dr. Cooper in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Humanities Honors 1B in Arts and Humanities at San Jose State University.


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Date Created: 02/07/16
Augustine: • Christianity was radically different in the 400s • Persecution and execution had stopped by then • When persecution was going on, Christians would give up text in return for amnesty • 313 Constantine’s Edict of Milan • Christians were free of persecution • Christian text was now not banned anymore, and resurfaced • Council of Nicea • Christianity was Standardized • 380 Theodosius Edict of Thessalonica • Christianity was now the official state religion • Begin to persecute non-Christians • 386 Augustine converts • 391 All pagan temples now closed • Confessions • Was written in Augustine’s middle aged years looking back at his youth • Grew up in North Africa • Heavily Romanized region • Self-critical autobiography (maybe the first) • Wrote about himself, personally • Almost itself a confession to God outlining his sins • Only ancient account of childhood • mother was a Roman Catholic • father was a Pagan • Augustine had a wife early on, and abandons her eventually • Was trained in rhetoric • Taught rhetoric at a school in Milan • Heard about bishop Ambrose • highly educated Roman aristocratic Christian convert • Augustine admires Ambrose’s speaking and the message • Began to accept some of the ideas • While reading Paul’s letter to the Romans, Augustine has a conversion experience • decides to give up his professorship • takes his mother and son to North Africa and they both die • converts the family home into a monastery and founds an order • becomes a priest and then becomes a prominent bishop • while he was a bishop, there was a division in Christianity in North Africa between Roman Catholics, and North African Christians (Donatists) • The Donatists did not give up their sacred texts, while some Romanized Christians did. They thought this was unforgivable • Augustine as a Monk, bishop and Mature Writer • Rome had been sacked • People believed Christianity weakened Rome • Augustine writes The City of God to defend Christianity • Where does evil come from? • The “Original SIn’ is a sickness that infects all the descendants of Adam and Eve. It is our nature to be sinful • Says there is no evil. There is only an absence of good • Evil is simply distance from God • Adapts the views of Plato that no one commits evil intentionally • Only people who receive God’s divine intervention can be saved • We cannot save ourselves without God’s help • Why did so many people convert to Christianity? • Many events needed to occur for this to happen • These external events are God’s divine intervention • Participating in the Sacraments do not demand human will • Sin which arises from the action of the free will turns out to be victor over the will and the free will is destroyed • Some people get God’s grace, but not everyone • The last few years of his life was spent arguing with the Pelagians • believed that man was not corrupted by original sin and that human free will was sufficient to attain salvation • Augustine did not advocate engaging in political reform/obtaining money • He said focus should be on getting to the city of God • The State is for sinners • Romans and Greeks believed politics is part of who we are • Augustine disagreed, stating that the State is for Sinners (City of Man)


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