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SPN 1121 5A and 5B Grammar

by: Ruby Oates

SPN 1121 5A and 5B Grammar SPN 1121

Marketplace > Florida State University > Spanish > SPN 1121 > SPN 1121 5A and 5B Grammar
Ruby Oates
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover all of the grammar in chapter 5.
Elementary Spanish II
Janire Campo
Spanish II
75 ?




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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Ruby Oates on Monday February 8, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SPN 1121 at Florida State University taught by Janire Campo in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Elementary Spanish II in Spanish at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 02/08/16
Verbs Like Gustar Agradar To please Me agrada mucho It pleases me a lot. Apetecer (zc) To appeal, be pleasing ¿Os apatece? Does it appeal to you? Caerle (irreg.)  To like/dislike someone Julio me cae bien I like Julio. bien/mal a alguien Lit. to strike someone  Lit. Julio strikes me well well/poorly Darle (irreg.) miedo a  To scare someone La tecnología no me da  Technology doesn't scare me. alguien Lit. To give someone a fright miedo. Encantar To love Nos encanta la música. We love music Lit. to enchant Lit. Music enchants us Fascinar To love, be fascinated by A Jorge le fascinan las  Jorge loves (is fascinated by)  Lit. to fascinate computadoras. computers Lit. Computers fascinate Jorge. Importar To be important; to matter ¿Les importa? Does it matter to y'all/them? Interesar To interest, be interesting ¿Te interesan las  Do languages interest you? lenguas? Are languages interesting to you? Molestar To annoy, bother A nosotros nos  Slow connections annoy us molestan las conexiones lentas Parecer (ac) To seem (like) ¿Te parece buena idea? Does it seem like a good idea to  you? You must use "a" if the indirect object noun is mentioned "se usa" is an impersonal expression; it means you use or one uses Double­Object Pronouns The indirect object precedes the direct object Me lo (la, los, las) Nos lo (la, los, las) Te lo (la, los, las) Os lo (la, los, las) Se lo (la, los, las) Se lo (la, los, las) *le/les  se when followed by lo, la, los, or las "se" often includes the "a" phrase because it can be singular or plural it is common to use two pronouns with decir: Ya te lo dije. I already told (it to) you. ¿Me lo vas a decir? Are you going to tell me (it)? *the pronoun is always masculine singular "lo" Imperfect Verbs Regular Verbs jugar comer vivir jugaba jugábamos comía comíamos vivía vivíamos jugabas jugabais comías comíais vivías vivíais jugaba jugaban comía comían vivía vivían jugaba jugaban comía comían vivía vivían Irregular Verbs ir ser ver iba íbamos era éramos veía veíamos ibas ibais eras erais veías veíais iba iban era eran veía veían iba iban era eran veía veían Use imperfect for repeated, habitual, ongoing events and activities in the past *hay  había (there was / there were) Contrasting the Preterite and Imperfect Imperfect ­ Ongoing Actions:  Anoche a las diez yo estudiaba en la biblioteca. Mientras María trabajaba en la excavación, Jaime visitaba la ciudad de Santiago. Preterite ­ Completed Actions La guerra Civil española duró tres años. Vine, vi, vencí. Anoche trabajé hasta las nueve y luego salí con unos amigos. Using Preterite and Imperfect Together: IMPERFECT PRETERITE (actions in progress, gives background information) (specific events in the past, advances the story) Mis amigos y yo jugábamos afuera... cuando empezó a llover. My friends and I were playing outside... when it began to rain. Lo pasábamos muy bien... hasta que los vecinos se quejaron. We were having a very good time... until the neighbors complained. Ya existían grandes civilizaciones en América... cuando llegaron los españoles. Great civilizations already existed in America... when the Spaniards arrived. *imperfect signals that an event was in progress at a point in time, or that two events were simultaneously in  progress in the past *mientras (while) and cuando (when) are often used with imperfect *preterite is almost always used when a specific time frame or other information limits the event it rained for three days, I ran six miles, he lived his whole life in Mexico City Verbs with Different English Equivalents in the Imperfect and Preterite Imperfect Preterite Conocía I knew (a person) Conocí I met (a person) Podía I was able, could Pude I could (and did) No podía I wasn't able, couldn't No pude I couldn't (and didn't) Quería I wanted Quise I tried No quería I didn't want No quise I refused I knew (something) I found out Sabía Supe No sabía I didn't know No supe I never knew / found  out Important events often provoke certain emotions. Use verb sentirse. Me siento... ansioso/a (anxious) deprimido/a (depressed) enojado/a (angry) feliz, contento/a (happy) nervioso/a (nervous) orgulloso/a (de) proud (of) triste (sad) *al + infin. means upon/while/when (doing something) al cumplir veintiún años = Upon (when) turning twenty­one Qué tal + preterite estar = "How was...?" ¿Qué tal estuvo el partido? How was the game? *Can use fue, but only with indirect objects ¿Cómo te fue en la entrevista? How did it go for you in the interview? / How was the interview?


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