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CIV201 Week 2 notes

by: Abby Notetaker

CIV201 Week 2 notes CIV 201

Abby Notetaker
GPA 3.91

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About this Document

Notes for week 2 of Aaron Irvin's World Civ Class February 3 & 5
World Civilizations I
Robert Irvin Johnson
world civ, Civ, Murray, MSU
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This 5 page Bundle was uploaded by Abby Notetaker on Tuesday February 9, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CIV 201 at Murray State University taught by Robert Irvin Johnson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations I in Environmental Science at Murray State University.

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Date Created: 02/09/16
CIV201 Notes 2/3/16  Middle Kingdom (200ish yrs) is "classical period" of Egyptian civilization  Literature, wealth, art  The Tale of Sinuhe is basically Egyptian Shakespeare  Egyptian Middle Class begins  Began with the assassination of Amenemhat (Pharaoh)  Night is a time of uncertainty for the Egyptians because they believe Ra is fighting a giant snake in the Underworld  Tale of Sinuhe (Sinuhe means Sycamore aka Son of Egypt)  Begins at the Residence (not a specific place, but wherever the Pharaoh is at the time)  Travels to Lake Maaty which means:  Travels to Sycamore which is symbol of 12th dynasty, the middle kingdom, and Egypt overall that is used as the main source of lumber and Egypt as well as gives food (fig)  Travels to Sneferen (Pharaoh that built 3 pyramids (Necropolis))  Necropolis is city made for the dead as a working city that all good Egyptians want to end up in  Travels to Cattle-Quay and almost dies just trying to leave Egypt  Syrian Easterners feed and water and clothe him though after trying so hard to leave Egypt just because they recognize him as an Egyptian  Then Syrians ask about the Pharaoh (because it's from an Egyptian point of view and everyone outside of Egypt cares about the Pharaoh)  Sinuhe explains how bad ass the Pharaoh is, but also adds that Egyptians love the Pharaoh because now leaders don't only protect you, but also provides for you. A large change from Gilgamesh who was all about protection  Now Egyptians need stuff and to be provided for, not just a big guy to kick everyone's ass  Syrians now take care of Sinuhe and give him his daughter, and provides for him just because he is an Egyptian  Sinuhe kicks the greatest syrian warrior's ass just because he is an Egyptian and al Egyptians are that awesome. (Moral of the Story: The plainest Egyptians are the greatest people ever everywhere else)  After Sinuhe becomes the greatest guy in Syrian, all he wants to do is die and be buried in Egypt.  Pharaoh sends him a letter, and tells him to come back and he will have a great burial. Sinuhe drops everything and goes back to Egypt.  Pharaoh can no longer guarantee your place in the afterlife, but he will give you the tools needed for the person to get themselves into the afterlife.  Sinuhe goes back to Egypt, and the only person who recognizes him is the Pharaoh  This makes the Pharaoh the hero of the story, and puts emphasis on the best part of his adventure that he was able to come back to Egypt  This story expresses why Egyptians love to be Egyptians CIV201 Notes 2/5  Egyptians encourage the immigration of the Ammorites (reffered as Hyksos by Egyptians) because they used them as a work source, and was able to control the flow of immigration and moved them all into city of Avarous  Ammorites rebelled because they were treated poorly, and took over lower egypt  Able because of new military technology: broonze chain mail armor, arrow heads, short swords against Egyptian woven-reed armor  Egyptians were in the stone age still because the only people they've been fighting were uncivilized  Hyksos introduce bows, horses, and use them against the Egyptians  Ammorites take out the God Seth (god of storms) and Egyptians view this as a literal battle of the Gods because of Seth's story  Dung beetles aka scarab is viewed as gods and they would create seals that looked like them to show power  Although Hyksos took over Egyptians, the Egyptians took over Ammorite culture using bows and arrows and horses to fight, and taking some traditions  Pharaoh Ahmose I (1552-1527 BCE) defeats the Hyksos and reunites all of Egyppt, establishing the New Kingdom  Creates another change in the how the Pharaoh is perceived. They are now a source of protection, not love or wealth.  Thutmose I (1506-1493) invades Nubia, establishing the Thutmosid Dynasty and the Egyptian Empire  Nubians were integrated before this, so not seen as uncivilized, but more like cultural cousins  Egyptians identified with the Africans south of them  Thutmose II (1493-1479) expans Egyptian military operations in Canaan, establishing permanent Egyptian rule over some areas  Marries his half-sister Hatshepse  NOT wanting to integrate them (Syrians), just conquer and take them over.  Hatshepse (1479-1458) ruled as regent for her young son, then refused to step down and ruled as pharaoh, changing her name to the masculine "Hatshepsut"  The hyper masculine implications of the pharaoh in this time period forced her to refer to herself as both a he and she  Pulls off being a ruler because she worked hard and got men to work for her. She never needed to be a seductress  Continued military campaigns early in her reign, but ceased expansion 4 yrs into her reign and focused on building and infrastructure  Thutmose III (1479-1425) began campaigning in Canaan again  Battle of Megido  Akhenaten (1353-1336) born Amenhotep IV, most famous for his religious reforms  Represented very different than other pharaohs of the day: wide hips, scrawny, not big and muscular like everyone else  Cult of Amen (Amun) and Amun-Ra  Amen was a nondescript fertility God, but he changed him to the greatest God  Atenism: worship of the visible sun disk  by end of reign, sun became it's own God, and the Pharaoh is the son of God, so people pray to the Pharaoh.  attempt to take all of egyptian religion, and focus is back on the Pharaoh  His body was physically very problemed, so he was unable to be the hyper masculine pharaoh, which is why he focused on being the religious pharaoh  Ankenaten's new capitol city Anketaten, modern day el Amarna  Tutankhaten  Ankhenaten's successor, his young nephew and son-in-law  undoes all of Ankhenaten's reforms, returning the Thebes and the cult of Amen  Egyptian people completely forget about him, and a later pharaoh actually builds his tomb on top of King Tut's tomb  Rediscovered in 1922 and first tomb completely intact and popularizes Egyptian culture  After Tut's death, egyptian army takes throne  Small civil war  First International Age  Early Canaan is "melting pot" of different cultures  Copper plus Tin makes Bronze, and both common, but difficult to find both "growing" on same spot.  Increases trading  Found in Near East in Small Quantities  Needs steady supply of Bronze to keep up military (similar situation to need of oil today)  Battle of Megiddo 1457 BCE  Under Thutmose II, Egyptians occupy Canaan  This upset Canaanites and worried kingdom of Mitanni  330 Canaanite Chieftans all with Mattani and rebel against Thutmose  Egyptians won, and changed things  Canaanites princes forces to obey Thutmose III  Created Canaanite Mayors and maintained order by the Pharaoh  Canaanites kept fighting amongst themselves, and Egyptians were ok because they were killing each other, and not the Egyptians  First International Age Sources:  Egyptian texts at El Amarana, left behind when Tutankamun abandoned the city  Hittite texts at Hattashash  whole library left behind and we now have letters between kings, and proof of trade  The Great Powers:  All kings are decided as head of their kingdom, but on an international level they are brothers and seen as equals of each other  Kingdom of Hatti (Hittites)  Indo-European people in modern day Turkeet, capital of Hattashash  First in region to use basic iron weaponry  Seen as super aggressive and primary rival of Egyptians against the international system   Kingdom of Mitanni (Hurrians)  Indo-Aryan peopel migrated into  Kingdom of Babylon (Kassites)  Hittites destroy the Ammorite kindgom of Hammurabi 1600 BCE  Kassites aren't really sure where they came from, just took over where the destruction left off


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