New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Geology Lab Notes

by: mmendoz

Geology Lab Notes 80176 - GEOL 1010 - 001


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the notes we covered in lab from weeks 1 to 3
Physical Geology
Alan B Coulson
75 ?




Popular in Physical Geology

Popular in Environmental Science

This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by mmendoz on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 80176 - GEOL 1010 - 001 at Clemson University taught by Alan B Coulson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Physical Geology in Environmental Science at Clemson University.

Similar to 80176 - GEOL 1010 - 001 at Clemson

Popular in Environmental Science


Reviews for Geology Lab Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/11/16
1/14/16 Geology Lab Mineral identification What is a mineral?  Naturally occurring  Inorganic  Crystalline structure – atoms in a fixed pattern  Solids  Fixed chemistry – chemical formula  H20, HCl  Difference between rock and mineral  Mineral is a single entity  Rock is made up of minerals Identifying a mineral  Color is misleading  Minerals come in different colors  Can be the same mineral but a different color  Streak  Color of the mineral when grounded into powder  Hardness  Moh’s hardness scale  Higher the number, the harder the mineral  Basic tools  Write as a range. EX 3<mineral A<5  Transparency  Transparent  Translucent  Opaque  Taste  They will have distinct taste  Luster – how mineral reflects light  Metallic – looks like metal (ex. aluminum foil)  Submetallic – duller. Not as shiny. Still somewhat metal looking  Vitreous – glassy. Stained glass  Dull – clay. Dirt.  Silky – soft glow. Sheen look  Greasy – grease in a frying pan. Not good looking  Effervescence  Fizz with hydrochloric acid (HCL)  Crystal form  Blockish. Cube shape  Magnetism  Whether the rock is magnetic  Breakage pattern  Cleavage – area of each mineral breaking along flat surfaces  Occur in pairs or parallel planes  Fracture – does not break away from flat planes  Striations – thin straight parallel lines on cleavage surface 1/21/16 Lab #1 Quiz next week  Short answer questions from first week of lab  Mineral id questions  Learn most distinguishing feature  Lot of mineral id on the midterm Magnetite is magnetic Halite tastes salty 1/27/16 Lab #2  Igneous Rocks  Formed when magma on lava cools allowing mineral crystals to form  2 categories  Plutonics (intrusive)  Cool in earth (below ground)  Large grains  Cool at slower rate  Volcanic (extrusive)  Cool close to or at earths surface  Small grains  Cool more faster  ID  Pegamatic – very large grains; >1cm  Phaneritic – course grained ; <1cm  Porphrytic – large grain in matrix of smaller grains (chocolate chip cookie)  Aphanetic – small grains; <1mm  Glassy – no grains visible; cool very fast  Vesicular – small holes in rock; light weight; honey comb; result of gas bubbles  Pyroclastic – made of pyroclasts ejected from volcano; lack of crystalline appearance  Composition  Minerals present  Color index  Felsic – light colored minerals  Intermediate – mix of high Si and low Si; greyish color  Mafic – dark colored minerals  Ultra mafic – greenish, yellow color; very high temperature  Color index exceptions  Granite – felsic Lab #4 Email topic for presentation. Metamorphic rocks  Form when pre-existing rock is exposed to significant hear, pressure, or hydrothermal fluids  Change texture & composition of rock  Identification  2 main types  Foliated – mineral crystals arranged in foliation or sheet – like structures  Non – foliated – lack layered appearance more crystalline appearance  Foliated textures  Slaty – minerals in flat sheets, break along smooth planes  Phyllitic – wavy or wrinkled foliation  Schistose – scaly or glittery appearance, can have large grains  Gneissic (zebra) – felsic & mafic minerals in alternating light and dark bands  Non foliated textures  Crystalline – medium to large grains in interlocking mass  Microcrystalline – like crystalline but smaller grains  Sandy – made of sized grains that are not interlocking  Glassy


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

75 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.