Philosophy: Skeptic Argument Notes
Philosophy: Skeptic Argument Notes PHL 266
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Date Created: 02/13/16
1/26/16 Treat film like photography in motion If film is photography in motion, then what applies to photography, applies to film Sceptic – someone who doubts or questions that photography is art Why skepticism? o Because photos are mechanical not mental products o If it is not made by the mind, it is not art o If x is the product of mechanical process, then x cannot be creative o But what about your mind’s eye? Sceptic will say, “You don’t make a photo, you take it. o But the process of making a photo is not different from that of painting Photography records, preserves, transfers, x, which may or may not have artistic value. If it has artistic value, then that belongs to it and not to its photo. Photography – seen as recording x does not add anything to x – does not transform it. 1/28/16 Skeptical Argument (pg. 12) Photography is not art A film is at its best a photographic recording of a work of dramatic art Therefore, film itself is not art 3 Parts 1. The Causation Argument The photograph is not caused by human intention The photograph is not caused It is taken, not made A photograph is an accident, not the outcome of an intention or plan (a mental act) There is an accidental – non-intentional quality in photography Unlike photography, paintings are about something because the painter intends Photographs do not allow use of imagination. Paintings do. Realism = we can paint x than does not exist = we cannot photo x that does exist 2. Control Argument (pg. 16) In order to create a work of art, we must have full control of process and equipment. In photography, we cannot have full control = not art Skeptic = “no art has full control” 3. Aesthetic Interest Argument (pg. 18) The photo for its own sake = for qualities that the photo has and not in its content/ we’re interested in the photograph rather than in the photographed. Skeptic: Photography and cinema do not (cannot) generate aesthetic interest i. Photos/film interest us because of the what, not the how (it was taken) ii. Photography and cinema are object/reality/content- centered. They are not form-centered. iii. Beautiful photo/film is always a phot/film of something beautiful
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