Modules 5 and 6 Comm Notes
Modules 5 and 6 Comm Notes comm 101-012
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Popular in Communication Studies
This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Amie Fortman on Monday February 15, 2016. The Bundle belongs to comm 101-012 at Indiana State University taught by Dr. Brian Johnston in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Communications 101 in Communication Studies at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Module Five Interpersonal Communication Interpersonal communication—communication between individual people *a process of exchange where there is desire and motivation on the part of those involved to get to know each other as individuals Dyads—groups of two people Self-disclosure—process of revealing information about yourself to others that is not readily known by them Johari window—measures the degrees of information being self-disclosed Familial Self Romantic Self Student Colleague Physical Self Emotional Self Etc… Relational Dialectics: Autonomy-Connection—our need to have close connection with others as well as our need to have our own space and identity Novelty-Predictability—the idea that we desire predictability as well as spontaneity in our relationships Openness-Closedness—the desire to be open and honest with others while at the same time not wanting to reveal everything about yourself to someone else How Do We Handle Dialectic Tension? Neutralize—individuals compromise, creating a solution where neither person’s need (such as novelty or predictability) is fully satisfied Separation—someone favors one end of the dialectical continuum and ignores the other, or alternates between the extremes Segmentation—dividing one’s life into separate spheres Reframing—the two ends of the dialectic are not viewed as opposing or contradictory at all, instead being understood as supporting the other need, as well as the relationship itself Communication Climate Communication climate—overall feeling or emotional mood between people Confirming climates—messages that demonstrate our value and worth from those with whom we have a relationship Disconfirming climates—messages that suggest we are devalued and unimportant Recognition Messages—messages that either confirm or deny another person’s existence Acknowledgement Message—messages that confirm what someone else says or how they feel Endorsement Messages—messages that recognize a person’s feelings as valid Developing and Maintaining Friendships Role-Limited Interaction—interaction with others based on our social roles Friendly Relations—communication that moves beyond initial roles as the participants begin to interact with one another to see if there are common interests, as well as an interest to continue getting to know one another Moving Toward Friendship—communication in which participants make moves to foster a more personalized friendship Nascent Friendship—commitment to spending more time together Stabilized Friendship—stage in which friends take each other for granted as friends, but not in a negative way Waning Friendship—friendship that comes to an end in some manner *Possible challenges to friendships: Gender, culture, sexual attraction Developing and Maintaining Romantic Relationships **Self-identity, Similarity, and Proximity—three powerful influences when it comes to whom we select as romantic partners No Interaction--the initial stage of a romantic relationship in which two people have not interacted Invitational Communication—recognition of an attraction in which we may signal or invite them to interact with us Explorational Communication—engaging in explorational communication, in which we share information about ourselves while looking for mutual interests, shared political or religious views, and similarities in family background Intensifying Communication—the “relationship high” stage where we cannot bear to be away from the other person Revising Communication—the stage in which couples begin to have a more realistic perspective of each other and the relationship as a whole Commitment—the stage in which the couple makes the decision to make the relationship a permanent part of their lives Navigating—a couple continues to revise their communication and ways of interacting to reflect the changing needs of each person Stages of Deterioration Dyadic Breakdown—romantic partners begin to neglect the small details that have always bound them together. Intrapsychic Phase—partners worry that they do not connect with one another in ways they used to, or that they no longer do fun things together Dyadic Phase—partners make the choice to talk about their problem Social Support—termination of the relationship is inevitable and the partners begin to look outside the relationship for social support Grave Dressing—couples reach closure in a relationship and move on with life Family Relationships: Families are organized Families are a Relational Transactional Group Families usually occupy a common living space over an extended period of time Families possess a mixture of interpersonal images that evolve through the exchange of meaning over time Stages of Family Establishing a Family—couples settle into committed or married life and make necessary changes in acknowledgement of their legal, relational, and social status Enlarging a Family—a couple decides to expand their family with the addition of children Developing a Family—parents become the primary source of instilling cultural and spiritual values, as well as fostering a child’s individual personality Encouraging Independence—children begin the process of naturally pulling away from their parents as a means of establishing and securing an independent identity Launching Children—each member of the couple must now relearn their roles as the grown children eventually leave home Post-Launching of Children—couples either renew their love or experience great strain on the marriage as they learn that they do not know how to relate with one another outside the context of raising children Retirement—freedom from work can an opportunity for growth and exploration of new relationships and activities; simply having more time in the day can facilitate travel, volunteer work, or continuing education **Note: It’s a natural human response to match breadth and depth of disclosure. Module Six “ con·flict Definition(s): noun: a serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one: the eternal conflict between the sexes. (i) a prolonged armed struggle. (ii) an incompatibility between two or more opinions, principles, or interests. (iii) Psychol. a condition in which a person experiences a clash of opposing wishes or needs. verb: be incompatible or at variance; clash. (i) [as adj.] (conflicted) having or showing – origin ME: from L.conflict-‘struck together,’ from v. confligere, from con-‘together’ + fligere ‘to strik”.’ Types of Conflict Simple Conflict—stems from different standpoints, views, or goals that both members acknowledge, most of the time over shared resources. Accepting another’s viewpoints and needs may solve it. Pseudo Conflict—stems from a misunderstanding or miscommunication, also occurs when we wrongly perceive the presence of a conflict Ego Conflict—stems from the personal denigration of others, comes when we perceive a personal attack; also occurs when we’re too emotionally invested in a decision or an opinion to the point that if others disagree or challenge it, we feel it as a rejection of our identity Conflict Styles: (Not one right style for all occasions) Avoidance—denial, ignoring, or withdrawing from the problem Competition—controlling, arguing, outsmarting, or contending with the other person; more concerned with winning an argument than the health of the relationship Accommodation—appeasement, agreement, and flattery of the other person; less concerned with winning an argument than with the health of the relationship Collaboration—both people come up with a variety of solutions, and the one most favored by both is chosen; the ideal scenario in which neither person is self-centered or fearful of the outcome of the relationship Compromise—reducing expectations and negotiating a solution that’s amenable to both people temporarily; each person gets something they want, but neither person gets everything they want Common Responses to Conflict Ignore/Avoid Physical/Verbal Altercation Conflict Resolution Stages of Conflict 1. Latent (potential) 2. Frustration (awareness) 3. Voice (active) 4. Resolution (problem-solving) 5. Follow-Up (aftermath)
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