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Ch. 1 Intro to Kinesiology

by: Jonathan Femi-Cole

Ch. 1 Intro to Kinesiology KIN1871

Marketplace > Kinesiology > KIN1871 > Ch 1 Intro to Kinesiology
Jonathan Femi-Cole

GPA 3.2

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About this Document

Kinesiology, history, physical activity
Survey of Kinesiology, Recreation, and Sport
Dr. Chelsey Thul
Kinesiology, sports, physical activity
75 ?




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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Jonathan Femi-Cole on Monday February 15, 2016. The Bundle belongs to KIN1871 at a university taught by Dr. Chelsey Thul in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 192 views.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Chapter 1: Introduction to Kinesiology Sunday, January 17, 2016 6:36 PM • physical activity is so interwoven into your life that it’s probably far easier to count the number of ways in which you weren’t physically active today than the ways in which you were. • Even more than this, physical activity is part of human nature. • In this chapter we talk about physical activity in very general terms and explain its relation to the field of kinesiology. • campus. There has been an explosion of career opportunities for college- trained professionals with in-depth knowledge of the scientific and humanistic bases of physical activity coupled with training in professional practice. • coaches. Now kinesiology serves as the academic base for a diverse assortment of careers such as physical education teaching and coaching, physical therapy, cardiac rehabilitation, sport management, athletic training, and fitness leadership and management. • A discipline is a body of knowledge organized around a theme or focus ○ Disciplines embody knowledge that learned people consider worthy of study. The focus of a discipline identifies what those who work in the discipline study. The central focus of biology, for example, is life forms; the focus of psychology is the mind and mental and emotional processes; • People learn kinesiology in three different but related ways. ○ One is by watching or performing. ○ through systematic scholarly study. ○ through professional practice. • defined kinesiology as knowledge derived from ○ (1) experiencing physical activity ○ (2) engaging in scholarly study of physical activity. ○ (3) conducting professional practice centered on physical activity. • limiting our definition of kinesiology to knowledge contained in college or university curriculums or used in research. ○ knowledge that you will acquire in your major curriculum is more highly organized and more scientifically verifiable ○ Universities use rigorous methods to monitor the authenticity of the knowledge included in their curriculums and in the research of their faculty. What is Physical Activity? • These technical definitions ensure that people working within a science or profession have a common understanding. • kinesiologists do not all agree on the technical definition of physical activity. • definition of physical activity used in this text takes its cue from Professor Karl Newell’s definition of physical activity ○ “intentional, voluntary movement directed toward achieving an identifiable goal” (1990a). ○ Definition of physical activity requires a definition that captures the discipline § it does not stipulate anything about the energy requirements of the movements used to produce the activity. § Second, the setting in which physical activity takes place is irrelevant. § Third, according to this definition, simply moving your body doesn’t constitute physical activity. The movements must be directed toward some purposeful end. • term kinesiology is derived from the Greek words kinesis (movement) and kinein (to move). • Movement is any change in the position of your body parts relative to each other. • movement by itself does not constitute physical activity. • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been very influential in keeping the public aware of the importance of physical activity for healthful living. • CDC defines physical activity as “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that increases energy expenditure above a basal level. ○ definition seems too narrow, because it limits the definition of physical activity to only movements that increase energy expenditure above a base level. ○ seems too restrictive because it eliminates many types of physical activity that interest kinesiology scholars and professionals. • Too inclusive: “All movements, voluntary or involuntary, performed by humans. ” • Too exclusive: “Voluntary movement intentionally performed for specific purposes; requires a substantial amount of energy.” • Just right! “Voluntary movement intentionally performed to achieve a goal in sport, exercise, or any other sphere of life experience.” • kinesiology embraces a far wider range of physical activity than sport and exercise. ○ example, kinesiologists study basic postural mechanisms, the physiology and body mechanics of work, the development of reaching and grasping behaviors in infants, and the daily life support activities of elderly people. What Is Kinesiology?-study of human movement • Kinesiology is a discipline or body of knowledge that focuses on physical activity. • derives and incorporates knowledge from three different yet related sources: ○ Experiencing (or doing) physical activity (experiential knowledge) ○ Studying the theoretical and conceptual bases of physical activity (theoretical knowledge) ○ Engaging in professional practice centered on physical activity (professional practice knowledge) • we tend to associate learning with reading, writing, discussion, and memorization. • Experiential knowledge ○ knowledge acquired from our hands-on experiences with physical activity. can also acquire knowledge by observing others perform. • Field of Kinesiology ○ A1 Knowledge gained through experiencing physical activity that is incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., college tennis class offered for academic credit, weight-training class offered for academic credit). ○ A2 Knowledge gained through experiencing physical activity that is not incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., learning a dramatic stage movement, taking tennis lessons at a country club, playing Little League baseball, firefighting). ○ B1 Knowledge gained through scholarly study of physical activity that is systematically incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., sport history, exercise physiology, motor development). ○ B2 Knowledge gained through scholarly study of physical activity that is not systematically incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., research about playing a musical instrument, reading a popular book on fitness). ○ C1 Knowledge gained through professional practice centered in physical activity that is systematically incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., knowledge gained in roles such as certified athletic trainer or elementary physical education teacher that is included in university kinesiology classes). ○ C2 Knowledge gained through professional practice centered in physical activity that is not systematically incorporated into the discipline of kinesiology (e.g., knowledge gained in roles such as certified athletic trainer or physical education teacher that is not included in university kinesiology classes).


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