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PSYC100 chapter 1 vocabulary

by: mtraub

PSYC100 chapter 1 vocabulary PSYC100010

Marketplace > University of Delaware > PSYC100010 > PSYC100 chapter 1 vocabulary

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About this Document

These notes cover all of the key terms in chapter 1
General Psychology
Ly,Agnes Ruan
75 ?




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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by mtraub on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Bundle belongs to PSYC100010 at University of Delaware taught by Ly,Agnes Ruan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views.


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Psychological Science: the study, through research, of mind, brain, and behavior Culture: the beliefs, values, rules, and customs that exist within a group of people who share a common language and environment Nature/Nurture Debate: the arguments concerning whether psychological characteristics are biologically innate or acquired through education, experience, and culture Mind/Body problem: a fundamental psychological issue: Are mind and body separate and distinct, or is the mind simply the psychical brain’s subjective experience? Introspection: a systematic examination of subjective mental experiences that requires people to inspect and report on the content of their thoughts. Structuralism: an approach to psychology based on the idea that conscious experience can be broken down into its basic underlying components. Stream of Consciousness: a phrase coined by William James to describe each person’s continuous series of ever-changing thoughts Functionalism: an approach to psychology concerned with the adaptive purpose, or function, of mind and behavior Evolutionary Theory: a theory presented by the naturalist Charles Darwin; it views the history of a species in terms of the inherited, adaptive value of psychical characteristics, of mental activity, and of behavior Adaptations: in evolutionary theory, the psychical characteristics, skills, or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction or survival and are therefore likely to be passed along to future generations Natural Selection: in evolutionary theory, the idea that those who inherit characteristics that help them adapt to their particular environments have a selective advantage over those who do not Gestalt Theory: a theory based on the idea that the whole of personal experience is different from the sum of its constituent elements Unconscious: the place where mental processes operate below the level of conscious awareness Psychoanalysis: a method developed by Sigmund Freud that attempts to bring the contents of the unconscious into conscious awareness so that conflicts can be revealed Behaviorism: a psychological approach that emphasizes the role of environmental forces in producing observable behavior Cognitive Psychology: the study of mental functions such as intelligence, thinking, language, memory, and decision making Cognitive Neuroscience: the study of the neural mechanisms underlying thought, learning, perception, language, and memory Social Psychology: the study of how people influence other people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions Personality Psychology: the study of characteristic thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in people and how they vary across social situations


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