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Exam 1 content

by: Brianna Napper

Exam 1 content AH 1700

Brianna Napper

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About this Document

Missing some of the Mycenaean info
Survey of Art History I
Glenn Gunhouse
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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Brianna Napper on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Bundle belongs to AH 1700 at Georgia State University taught by Glenn Gunhouse in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art History I in Art History at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Art History  Nile  Hieroglyphic  Pharaoh  Horus  Canon  Names headdress  Ki Most of Egypt was a barren desert - The Nile river ran through Egypt and around the river was the fertile land of Egypt Hieroglyphic script Egyptians were gathered into cities and the cities were gathered into kingdom Upward Egypt conquered lower Egypt around 3000 (start of early dynastic period) Lower Egypt Farmer Palette c. 3000 BCE (fig. 3-2,3-3) used for eye makeup King has the biggest headdress Egyptian art- Higher and higher= further away Kings have beard Farmer is the name of both of the upper and lower Egypt Underlying syntax of bird with arm holding a head sitting on papyrus plant- smiting scene; repetition of the king flogging the man; the head on the bar represents the people of lower Egypt; the papyrus plant represents the land of lower Egypt Kings were “strong like a bull” He sire – elite person, but not a king, slender A representation of a person does not represent the person but there rank. High rank people are supposed to be tall and muscle definition no matter what the person actually looked like( canon of proportion) Horus- god that protects kings - Old kingdom period 2600-2100 (c.2500) *Menkaure (man) and Khamerernebty(woman) c. 2500 BCE (fig. 3-13-) Ka statue straight legged stride and straight arms with fist clench is an Egyptian man of high rank Although Egyptian women have on more clothes, you can see through her clothes and see her body Although men have less clothing, you cannot see their body Person of higher rank overlaps people of lower rank Women have open hand, men have clenched hand Women have a wider variety of poses Man has a wide stride while woman’s legs are closer together Men are always darker than the women Mummification is the way of preserving the spiritual part(ka) of a person’s body Mastaba is where the mummified bodied is laid to rest in the chamber underground 2 Door above ground in the mastaba is where the Ka comes and moves about to be with the living that is in the mastaba If any part of the Ka statue breaks the magic is gone and the ka cannot travel through the statue anymore **Tomb of Ti, Saqqara c. 2500 BCE (fig. 3-15) Ti and servants on boats in the nile hunting hippos Kings of Egypt are buried in the tombs of pyramids Egyptian II  Imhotep  Column  Shaft  Capital  Pylon  Hypostyle hall  Amen (Amun) Pyramid off Djoser, Saqqara, c. 2600 BCE (figs. 3-5to3-7) Imhotep- Djoser’s architect of his tomb Buildings along the pyramid are temples of gods **Great Pyramids, Gizeh, c.2500 BCE (fig. 3-8to3-10)- the “great pyramids” are flat, without steps like these. (newer and more improved than the pyramids with steps) 3 Tombs of lower ranking people surround the king’s pyramid. The bigger the tomb, and closer to the king, the richer or higher in rank) Valley temples are more public Ka statues are available for the public to communicate to the gods through the king still. **Great Sphinx,c. 2500 BCE (fig. 3-11)- lion with head of a man/pharaoh; guards the entrance to the pyramid **Hatshepsut, c. 1407 BCE (fig. 3-21)- Woman that ruled as a king of both lower and upper Egypt, but is represented in art and words as a king; ruled for a young boy that was too young to rule. **Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, Deir el-Bahri, c. 1470 BCE (fig. 3-20)- made for public; is not her tomb. Amun is the principle god of Egypt in the new period; main god in the middle; animal form is the ram Hypostyle hall- hall with many columns No matter what size the columns are, the lintels cannot be longer than 10 feet wide Statues of gods are made of gold **Temple of Ramses II, Abu Simbel, c. 1250 (figs. 3-23A)- statue of a temple carved into a cliff (god of ra) Ka statue of Ramses are on the outside of the temple courtyardhypostyle hallstatues of gods Amun temple EGYPTIAN III Amenhotep IV Akhenaton 4 Amarna Aton Amenhotep IV- new kingdom period:Amarna period; converted to atomism; changed his name after changing religion to Akhenaton Solar disks represent the god Aton **Statue of Akhenaton doctors insist that akhnabe was sick EVERYONE in the amarna period is depicted with long scrony limbs, high waist, bulging bellies and breast and wide hips Aegean Minos, Minotaur Minoan Crete Thera Abacus Echinus Megaron Corbel Island of Crete No one can read the language of crete, determining through history of older art and legends Minotaur monster- people sacrifice young people to this monster **Palace of Knossos, 1700-1400 (figs. 4-4 to 4-6)- palace of minos 5 Similar to Egypt but not Egyptian Felt no need for perimeter wall. Felt peace and no threat from others *Bull leaping fresco, from Knossos, c. 1450 BCE (fig. 4-8)- legend of the minotaur men are darker, women are lighter Minoans subjects are not the activity of kings, but of things like swimming, eating, etc Mycenaen(Greece) **Lion gate, Mycenae, c. 1300-1250 BCE (fig. 4-19) Early Greek II *Lady of Auxerre, c. 650 (fig. 5-6) Kore statue- image of young woman Koros- image of young man *Peplos Jore c. 530 (fig. 5-10) Dorik people- hair falls in 3 strands *Kore in Ionian dress, c. 510 perifrial temple- columns all around temple *temple of Hera I, Paestum c.550 dorik columns have specific capitals 6 Classical Greek I Contrapposto Pericles Athena Iktinos and Kallikrates Phidias Lapiths and Centaurs *The Doryphoros by Polykleitos(famous sculpter) c. 450 BCE (fig. 5-41) actual doryphoros was made of bronze, but was melted down for money no archaeic smile on the doryphoros statue. The one perfect man Contrapostal- classical greek. Relaxed leg active leg, relaxed arm active arm Bronze was used to signify a tanned greek *The Parthenon by Ictinos and Kallikrates 447-438 BCE- dorik Peripteral- columns all the way around Intasis- bulge of columns curve of stylabate These are done for engineering or for optical illusions? *Three Goddess, pediment od rhe Parthenon, c. 438-432- phidean style drapery 7 8


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