PSYC 1000_Chapter 5
PSYC 1000_Chapter 5 Psych 1000
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Madeline Whallen on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Bundle belongs to Psych 1000 at East Carolina University taught by Ryan Ford in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Psych Notes in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chapter 5: Sex and Gender Sex: biological and physical characteristics that define a person as male or female. Gender: society’s assigned roles for people differentiating masculinity and femininity. Women Tend to hit puberty sooner. 70% more body fat (pregnancy). Expression of conditions is more inward (like ADHD). Men 40% more muscle. 5 inches taller. Expression of conditions is more outward (ADHD). Tend to be more aggressive. Gender and Social Connection: Play Gender Roles Boys play with a focus on activity. Competitive. Dictate on how playtime will proceed. Girls play with a focus on connection and conversation. Social. Tend to invite feedback. Men “report” while women “relate” in regard to emotional expression. Women communicate more than men. Tend to want more time with friends. More texting and calling. Making intimate friends. Both men and women seek women when faced with problems. This is because women are more likely to talk and give feedback than a man due to have more practice with communication in early child play. Sex rd Male provides the 23 chromosome (X or Y). Women hit puberty before men. The sequence of sexual maturation is constant. The initial onset varies from person to person. Hermaphrodite: possessing both male and female sexual organs. Intersexual: having ambiguous sexual organs. Influence of Culture Gender Roles: how society expects you to act based on sex. Gender Identity: whether an individual proclaims themselves as masculine or feminine. Social roles and behaviors can be learned through modeling. Social Learning Theory: learning gender roles through imitation plus reinforcement (either by punishment or reward). Ex. Little Jonny see Dad mowing the lawn, so he too wants to mow the lawn. When neighbors see him pretending to mow the lawn they respond with positive reinforcement, like, “Oh, how cute! Little Jonny wants to be just like Daddy!” Can develop social gender schemas. Hormones and Sexual Behavior Estrogen and testosterone: chemicals in the body that aid in the physical development of sex characteristics and behaviors. William Masters & Virginia Johnson 1950’s – they became very interested in how sex actually worked. Studies on couples recorded how they had sex. Created new insights on pleasure and the arch of how sex works. Excitement—genitals fill with blood and lubricate, ready for intercourse. Rapid breathing and pulse. Plateau—the changes related to excitement reach a peak. Orgasm—contractions all over the body, sexual release. Resolution—enlarged genitals release blood. Male goes through refractory phase, women resolve slower. Sexual Response Disorders Premature ejaculation. Erectile dysfunction. Low sexual desire. Lack of orgasm. Paraphilia: preferred method of arousal. Pedophilia: sexual arousal from prepubescent children.
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