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Chicago Blues

by: Shakeitha Notetaker

Chicago Blues 40653

Shakeitha Notetaker

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About this Document

Includes Jimmy Yancey, Moody Jones, Tampa, Red, Sonny Boy Williamson I and II, Willie Dixon, Muddy Waters, Big Bill Broonzy, Howlin' Wolf, Pinetop Perkins
Popular Music and Record Industry- Modern Blues
Dr. David Whillock
75 ?




Popular in Popular Music and Record Industry- Modern Blues

Popular in Film

This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Shakeitha Notetaker on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 40653 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. David Whillock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 148 views. For similar materials see Popular Music and Record Industry- Modern Blues in Film at Texas Christian University.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chicago 1920s -less segregated, but segregation still there -was a city of inclusiveness and very open -Big Bill Thompson was the mayor during this time -prohibition there, but not really active -city was known for its jazz -A lot of African Americans went to Chicago after WWI because there were a lot of factory jobs there -Chicago Defender: an African American newspaper that was published and owned by African Americans that told of jobs. It was banned in southern states -500,000 of 7 million African Americans went to Chicago -after the migration, African American population increased 33% in Chicago -in 1038 the electric guitar was made -difference of Chicago Blues and other blues was that they had a band preset, with harmonicas and horns. It also reached beyond 6 cords -Maxwell St: was Jewish open market, then Delta Blues players played there Jimmy Yancey -Father of Chicago Blues -Invented Boogie Woogie: left hand playing bass songs -1925 he had a job at the baseball park -Invented Chicago style of music -Clarence Pinetop learned from him -April 1939 “State Street Special” -“How Long Blues” -End every song in E Flat -Subtle, soft player -Played the bass with his left hand -Wife, Stella, use to sing with him -Died at 53 from diabetic stroke Moody Jones -Born 1908 Arkansas -Raised in the church -Learned to play guitar at a young age -1939 went to Chicago -Best guitar player in Chicago -recorded 3 songs, but never released them because he was told his voice was too rough -Became a pastor -“Why Should I Worry” -Died 1988 Tampa Red -Born Georgia 1904 -Good guitar player -Came to Chicago in the 1920s -Met Tom Dorsey (piano player) “It’s Tight Like That”: very sexual, pushing the envelope, bawey -“King Fish Blues” -Was with a band called The Chicago 5 -“Things Are Coming My Way” was recorded under Bluebird Records -His postwar songs made the Top 10 R n B hits -In 1953, he lost his wife -1981 died in Chicago Sonny Boy Williamson I -Born 1914 as John Lee Curtis Williamson -At 34 moved to Chicago -Became apart of Bluebird Records in 1937 -“Good Morning Little School Girl” -He had nationwide popularity -He did urban and rural blues -1939 recorded his finest albums with Big Bill and Walter Davis -First song “Bad Luck Blues” -Was killed June 1 because of a robbery -Influenced nonharmonic players like Muddy Waters Willie Dixon: -Born 1915 in Mississippi -Wrote, produced, and composed music -Mother, Daisy, used to sing rhymes to him -Spent his teen years in prison -Jubilee Singers: Fisk Univ. (African American university) sent out singers to sing classical music and began singing black gospel music. He began songwriting with them and that led him to Chicago -Came to Chicago in 1936 -Met Caston and made a band called Five Breezes -“My Buddy Blues” -Went to jail because he evaded the draft for the war -Made a new group after he got out of jail -Began recording for Columbian Records, then went to Chess Records -Influenced the Beetles -Later in his life he became an ambassador for the blues -Began Folk Blues Festival that traveled through Europe Muddy Waters -Born April 1913 in Mississippi -Real name was Morgan Field McKinley -Raised by his grandmother -Nickname became muddy because he liked to play in the muddy water after it rained -Started playing the harmonica and then changed to the guitar -Personality like Johnson and a voice like Son House -Was a big showman -Had several marriages -Left his second wife to go to Chicago -Ran a juke joint and made moonshine -1945 received his first electric guitar -1946 Leonard discovered him and in 1948 began recording -“I Can’t Be Satisfied” -1953 Chess Records put him with better bands and gave him better songs -“Hoochie Coochie Man”: which was about voodoo; had a call and response; very simple -Halan Wolfe and Muddy controlled Blues singing -1958, went to England and played with Rory Gallagher -1976 played with The Band farewell tour -Johnny winters had Blue Sky Records and signed Muddy -1982 played his last performance -Introduced the Blues to England, gave the Rolling Stones their name, and BB King use to want to be like him -April 30, 1983 died in Illinois Big Bill Broonzy -Born Lee Conley Bradley in Arkansas -Sophisticated, smooth sound -played 6 and 12 string -lied about everything, including birth date, so no one really knows -Raised in the church -Did 2 stage events: play for the African American audience first, break, then play for the white audience -At 17 married and wanted to quit playing for preaching, but got paid to play for a venue and continued to play -1917-1918 in the war -Moved to Chicago and picked up guitar -Met John Mayo Williams and got into recording -“Key to the Highway” -Toured with a gospel folk lore blues group -Late 50s and 60s became folk artist -Skiffle players, folk musicians in Ireland, liked his style of playing -Recorded over 224 songs -“My Last Goodbye to You” -Died 1958 of throat cancer Howlin Wolf -Born 1910 in Mississippi as Chester Arthur Burnett -Was a really big guy -Very intelligent -1930 Charlie Patton taught him to play guitar, and all his tricks -1930s played with Blues artists -In the army 1941-1943 -Sam Phillips recorded him and sent him to Chicago to Chess Records -Refused money from Chess Records until after he recorded, paid his own band and was his own person -“Moaning at Midnight” became number 8 on R n B chart and was primitive -1950s got Hubert Sumlin as a guitar player -“Smokestack Lighting” had a repetitive rift -“Sitting on Top of The World” -Died 1976 of liver disease Pinetop Perkins -Born Joseph William Perkins in Mississippi -piano player -injured arm during fight with a choir girl, so quit playing guitar and went to piano -1950s “Pinetop’s Boogie Woogie” that was written by Clarence Pinetop Smith -In Muddy Water’s band until 1979 -“Eyesight to the Blind” with Sonny Boy Williamson II in the Legendary Blues Band -1988 recorded his album with Blind Pig Records in Mississippi -Lived in Austin at Nuno’s -Died at 98 in 2011 Sonny Boy Williamson III -Born Alec Miller in Mississippi -Very flamboyant -Lied about his birth, so no one knows for sure -In 1930s worked in Arkansas and associated with Robert Johnson -Used to be Rice Miller -1941 hired to play King Biscuit Time in Helena, Arkansas -Went from Rice Miller to Sonny Boy so he would be known -King Biscuit Time started Blues radio -1951 recorded with Trumpet Records “Eyesight to the Blind” -1951-1954 considered his good times -He was extremely lazy and would disappear sometimes -1955 Trumpet went bankrupt and was sold to Chess Records, so he went there also and got Muddy Waters old band -1959 did the Down and Out Blues album by Chess Records -“Love In Vain”, with Muddy Waters playing guitar -Used his harmonica to playing the feelings he couldn’t express into words -1963 part of Willie Dixon’s Folk Blues Music Festival in England -Stayed in Europe a while and made an album called Yard Birds -Called Jimmy Page to play guitar on a song “I Want to Make London My Home” -1965 went back to the U.S because he was sick and took over King Biscuit -very paranoid -Died May 1965 of a heart attack


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