Hist 1103 Study Guide for midterm
Hist 1103 Study Guide for midterm HIST 1113
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This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Jasmine Bailey on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 1113 at Oklahoma State University taught by Nadeau, Peter Mark in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History in History at Oklahoma State University.
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History 1103 Midterm Study Guide Identifications- need to know who, what, when, where, and why We will be given 10 and have to identify five! 1.John Smith Colonial America 1600’s Imposed discipline and was vital to the survival to James town Captured by chief powhatan, Pocahontas 2. John Winthrop A lawyer in England in Colonial America Served as governor of Massachusetts for the 1 12 of 20 years Boston is a Pure society Preached sermon, “a model of Christian Charity” 3. Roger Williams A dissenter during Colonial America “a high wall to separate church and state” Government with no relationship to church A puritan Got banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony Goes to create Rhode Island 4. Jonathan Edwards During the Great Awakening A minister Famous sermon o Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God New birth 5. Albany Conference In 1754 war in North America, pitting Great Britain against France and her Indian allies Sensing the benefit of creating an alliance with the powerful Iroquois Confederation, British officials called for a conference between the American colonies and Iroquois leaders in Albany, New York. Representatives from seven colonies met with Iroquois leaders from June 19 through July 11, 1754 Concluded a treaty that was only moderately successful once the French and Indian War began. More noteworthy, was the Albany Plan of Union, proposed by Benjamin Franklin To form a permanent federation of the colonies, as a means to reform colonial imperial relations, and to more effectively address shared colonial interests. Introduced on June 19, the commissioners adopted a final version of the plan on July 10 The Albany Plan of Union was rejected by King George II and by all of the individual colonial governments that considered its adoption. The Congress and the plan were significant milestones, however, as they marked the first official attempts to develop intercolonial cooperation among the American colonies. 6. Declaratory Act 1770’s Rejected America’s claim that their only elected representatives could levy taxes Provided more conflict 7. Olive Branch Petition July of 1775 Avoid conflict to be obedient to king to be taxed The king refused 8. Battle of Bunker Hill June 17, 1775 British defeated the Americans Increase in morale 9. The Battle of Saratoga The American Revolution period The British army led by General John Burgoyne hoped to isolate New England The American forces blocked him o Caused him to surrender Increased in American morale 10. Shay’s Rebellion 17861787 Uprising when farmers closed courts in Massachusetts to prevent seizure of land for failure to pay taxes Danger to individual rights 11. Elastic Clause Stretches he power to congress 1780s’s 12. The Great Compromise 1787 New Jersey’s plan: the # of representatives o The senators from each state Virginia Plan: ( house of representatives) o Must be based on population Madison Forged 270 electoral votes needed for victory not necessarily most voted for 13. 3/5 Compromise The issue of how to count slaves split the delegates into two groups. The northerners regarded slaves as property who should receive no representation. Southerners demanded that Blacks be counted with whites. The compromise clearly reflected the strength of the proslavery forces at the convention. The “Threefifths Compromise” allowed a state to count three fifths of each Black person in determining political representation in the House. 14. The Federalist Papers Published in 1788 To persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution. How this new government would operate and why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. Authors o Alexander Hamilton o James Madison o John Jay 15. Washington’s Farewell Address Washington warned of the dangers facing the young republic, chiefly from internal faction and foreign dangers. Greatness that could come from a unity founded on necessity and prosperity, and further graced by the character of its citizens. Philadelphia in September 1796 16. Strict constructionists Southerners who supported the new constitution Government could exercise powers ONLY in the constitution During the Jefferson and Hamilton Bargains 17. The Whisky Rebellion 1794 Violent protesting by western Pennsylvania farmers against the federal excise tax on whiskey 18. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions statements drafted in 1798 and 1799, that the federal and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional. Opposition of the Sedition No state endorsed it o Due to fear of endangering the union “freedom of discussion” 19. Marbury vs. Madison (1803) The Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle that a court may declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the Constitution. William Marbury had been appointed a justice of the peace for the District of Columbia in the final hours of the Adams administration. When James Madison, Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of state, refused to deliver Marbury’s commission, Marbury, joined by three other similarly situated appointees, petitioned for a writ of mandamus compelling delivery of the commissions. 20. Corps of Discovery A specially established unit of the United States Army, which formed the nucleus of the Lewis and Clark expedition, that took place between May 1804 and September 1806. A Shoshone woman named Sacagawea, realizing that this woman could help them by acting as interpreter with her people, who lived near the Missouri's headwaters. Sent out to find animals, plants, spices, maps, anything new of the new land Meriwether Lewis & William Clark Jefferson dispat5ched the expedition 21. War Hawks Young congressmen calling for war o Leaders : Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun Defending National honor against Britain 22. RushBagot Treaty Last war against British Sets up longest disarmed border o Now U.S and Canada Limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, following the War of 1812. 23. Era of Good Feelings Under James Monroe Presidency 18171825 Called Era of Good feelings due to its oneparty dominance, in fact, Democratic Republicans were deeply divided internally and a new political system was about to be created from the old RepublicanFederalist competition that had been known as the FIRST PARTY SYSTEM. 24. Missouri Compromise A deal proposed by senator Henry Clay 1820 To resolve the slave/free inbalance in Congress that would result from Missouri’s admission of a slave state; Maine admission as a free state to offset Missouri 25. Monroe Doctrine 1823 Had 3 Principles o The U.S would oppose any further efforts @ colonization by European Powers o The U.S would abstain from involvement in wars against Europe o Warned European powers not to interfere w/ newly independent Latin states 26. The Spoils System The principles of rotation in the political parties The filling of federal government jobs with persons loyal to the party of the president Originated w/ Andrew Jackson’s First Term 27. Compromise of 1833 Enacted on March 2, 1833, was proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as a resolution to the Nullification Crisis. A tariff John C. Calhoun, the vice president, had written the South Carolina Exposition objecting to the 1828 Tariff of Abominations, o clarifying the Nullification Doctrine and fueling the Nullification Crisis Contending that the tariff was unconstitutional.. o The vice president resigned and the South Carolina legislature passed an Ordinance of Nullification declaring the Protective Tariffs null and void within the state borders of South Carolina. This 'treasonous act' resulted in President Jackson passing the 1833 Force Bill authorizing the use of military force against any state that resisted the tariff laws. 28. Worchester vs. Georgia Constituted a nation holding distinct sovereign powers. Although the decision became the foundation of the principle of tribal sovereignty in the twentieth century, it did not protect the Cherokees from being removed from their ancestral homeland in the Southeast. In 1832 that the Cherokee Indians Chief Justice John Marshall (the judge who presided over the case) ruled in favor of Mr. Worcester in Worcester v. Georgia. Chief Justice Marshall believed that the state government of Georgia did not have the power to enforce a law within lands that were not within the jurisdiction of the state. 29. Specie Circular is a United States presidential executive order issued by President Andrew Jackson in 1836 o pursuant to the Coinage Act and carried out by his successor o President Martin Van Buren. It required payment for government land to be in gold and silver. 30. “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” a campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison and John Tyler in the presidential election of 1840. It helped to catapult the Whig Party to the presidency for the first time in American history. "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!" was the rallying cry for the Whigs in 1840. The Whigs had nominated General William Henry Harrison for President. Harrison was famous for winning the Battle of Tippecanoe. John Tyler was running against Harrison. POLITICAL 31. Horace Mann In house of representatives education reformer the common school movement 32. William Lloyd Garrison Editor of “The Liberator” o Enemies are inside and outside the south Blacks should be recognized in society 33. Fiftyfour forty or fight! en.wikipedia.org Polk called for expansion that included Texas, California, and the entire Oregon territory. The northern boundary of Oregon was the latitude line of 54 degrees, 40 minutes. "Fiftyfour forty or fight!" was the popular slogan that led Polk to victory against all odds. In 1844 the Democrats nominated JAMES K. POLK o an unknown candidate from Tennessee It appeared as though the Whig Party candidate, Henry Clay, would win in a landslide. Very few Americans had ever heard the name Polk, but Clay's illustrious career was widely known. However, Polk was an excellent strategist. He tapped into the public mood and realized that manifest destiny was the very issue that could lead him to victory. Polk called for expansion that included Texas, California, and the entire Oregon territory. The northern boundary of Oregon was the latitude line of 54 degrees, 40 minutes. 34. Bear Flag Rebellion John C. Fremont arrived at Sutter’s Fort or the purposes of making a scientific survey. The brash young officer, however, began to persuade a motley mix of American settlers and adventurers to form militias and prepare for a rebellion against Mexico. After the rebels won a few minor skirmishes with Mexican forces, Fremont officially took command of the “Bear Flaggers” and occupied the unguarded presidio of San Francisco on July 1. 35. Compromise of 1850 By Henty Clay California in Union – free Slave trade abolished in D.C Includes the runaway law 37. Bleeding Kansas May 1856 Proslavery mob attacked the free soil stronghold of Lawrence Burned public and private homes 38. Uncle Tom’s Cabin Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe1852 Ab autobiography of a fugitive slave Josiah Henson 39. Charles Summer In the House of representatives Prominent in 1840’s Sumner argued for integrated public schools in Massachusetts. He also became active in political protests against Texas’s annexation and the Mexican War. 40. Harper’s Ferry Harpers Ferry was the target of an assault by an armed band of abolitionists led by John Brown (180059). The raid was intended to be the first stage in an elaborate plan to establish an independent stronghold of freed slaves in the mountains of Maryland and Virginia. Brown was captured during the raid and later convicted of treason and hanged, but the raid inflamed white Southern fears of slave rebellions and increased the mounting tension between Northern and Southern states before the American Civil War (186165). On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown and his band overran the federal arsenal. Some of his men rounded up a handful of hostages, including a few slaves. Word of the raid spread and by the following day Brown and his men were surrounded. On October 18, a company of U.S. Marines, led by Colonel Robert E. Lee (1808 70) and Lieutenant J. E. B. Stuart (183364), overran Brown and his followers. Brown was wounded and captured, while 10 of his men were killed, including two of his sons. 41. Battle of Antietam In Maryland McClellan’s army of the Potomac stopped Lee th Single bloodiest day in U.S History (Sept. 17 1862) 4000 men killed, 18000 wounded 2000 eventually died 43. March to the Sea General William T Sherman led soldiers on a 285mile march from Atlanta to savannah Georgia. Purpose was to was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause Lost at Atlanta and then headed west into Tennessee 44. KansasNebraska Act Appeal of the Independent Democrats Became a law in 1854 o Broke unity in Democratic Party 45. Freedman’s Bureau Was to establish a working free labor system To establish schools, to provide for the poor and old Attributes in education and health 46. “Solid South” The Solid South or Southern bloc was the electoral voting bloc of the states of the Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to the interests of white Democrats in the southern states. 47. Black Codes South government started passing new laws that restricted the freedom of blacks Violated the free labor principles During the 1860’s Prohibited voting 48. Nathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate general during the Civil War (186165) Served as the first grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. He died in 1877 at the age of 56. Battle of Vicksburg 49. Carpetbaggers Were northernborn white republicans who mad their homes in the south after the war Many held political offices Sought to defeat the south looking to exploit and profit from the region’s misfortunes–supported the Republican Party, and would play a central role in shaping new southern governments during Reconstruction 50. Compromise of 1877 disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election (Hayes and Samuel Tilden) Pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era. The Essays need to be in great detail , he mentioned to try to use the above topics in your essay and that should help you greatly! Good Luck!
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