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Hist 1103 Study Guide for midterm

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by: Jasmine Bailey

Hist 1103 Study Guide for midterm HIST 1113

Marketplace > Oklahoma State University > History > HIST 1113 > Hist 1103 Study Guide for midterm
Jasmine Bailey
OK State
GPA 3.8

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The notes provide the identification topics on the Midterm exam. For the Essays be as detailed as possible and use some of the identifications to improve your essay! Good luck
Survey of American History
Nadeau, Peter Mark
HIST1103, history, midterm, okstate, Oklahoma State University
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"So much better than office hours. Needed something I could understand, and I got it. Will be turning back to StudySoup in the future"
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This 10 page Bundle was uploaded by Jasmine Bailey on Saturday February 20, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 1113 at Oklahoma State University taught by Nadeau, Peter Mark in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Survey of American History in History at Oklahoma State University.

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Date Created: 02/20/16
History 1103 Midterm Study Guide Identifications- need to know who, what, when, where, and why We will be given 10 and have to identify five! 1.John Smith­   Colonial America 1600’s   Imposed discipline and was vital to the survival to James town   Captured by chief powhatan, Pocahontas  2. John Winthrop  A lawyer in England in Colonial America  Served as governor of Massachusetts for the 1  12 of 20 years  Boston is a Pure society  Preached sermon, “a model of Christian Charity”  3. Roger Williams  A dissenter during Colonial America   “a high wall to separate church and state”  Government with no relationship to church   A puritan  Got banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony  Goes to create Rhode Island 4. Jonathan Edwards  During the Great Awakening  A minister  Famous sermon o Sinners in the Hand of an Angry God  New birth 5. Albany Conference  In 1754  war in North America, pitting Great Britain against France and her Indian allies   Sensing the benefit of creating an alliance with the powerful Iroquois  Confederation, British officials called for a conference between the American  colonies and Iroquois leaders in Albany, New York.   Representatives from seven colonies met with Iroquois leaders from June 19  through July 11, 1754   Concluded a treaty that was only moderately successful once the French and  Indian War began. More noteworthy, was the Albany Plan of Union, proposed by  Benjamin Franklin  To form a permanent federation of the colonies, as a means to reform colonial­ imperial relations, and to more effectively address shared colonial interests.  Introduced on June 19, the commissioners adopted a final version of the plan on  July 10  The Albany Plan of Union was rejected by King George II and by all of the  individual colonial governments that considered its adoption.   The Congress and the plan were significant milestones, however, as they marked  the first official attempts to develop inter­colonial cooperation among the  American colonies. 6. Declaratory Act  1770’s  Rejected America’s claim that their only elected representatives could levy taxes  Provided more conflict 7. Olive Branch Petition  July of 1775  Avoid conflict to be obedient to king to be taxed  The king refused 8. Battle of Bunker Hill  June 17, 1775  British defeated the Americans  Increase in morale 9. The Battle of Saratoga  The American Revolution period  The British army led by General John Burgoyne hoped to isolate New England  The American forces blocked him o Caused him to surrender  Increased in American morale 10. Shay’s Rebellion  1786­1787  Uprising when farmers closed courts in Massachusetts to prevent seizure of land  for failure to pay taxes  Danger to individual rights 11. Elastic Clause  Stretches he power to congress  1780s’s 12. The Great Compromise  1787  New Jersey’s plan: the # of representatives o The senators from each state  Virginia Plan: ( house of representatives) o Must be based on population  Madison Forged  270 electoral votes needed for victory not necessarily most voted for 13. 3/5 Compromise  The issue of how to count slaves split the delegates into two groups.   The northerners regarded slaves as property who should receive no representation. Southerners demanded that Blacks be counted with whites.   The compromise clearly reflected the strength of the pro­slavery forces at the  convention.   The “Three­fifths Compromise” allowed a state to count three fifths of each Black person in determining political representation in the House. 14. The Federalist Papers  Published in 1788  To persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution.  How this new government would operate and why this type of government was  the best choice for the United States of America.  Authors o Alexander Hamilton o James Madison o John Jay 15. Washington’s Farewell Address  Washington warned of the dangers facing the young republic, chiefly from  internal faction and foreign dangers.  Greatness that could come from a unity founded on necessity and prosperity, and  further graced by the character of its citizens.  Philadelphia in September 1796 16. Strict constructionists  Southerners who supported the new constitution  Government could exercise powers ONLY in the constitution  During the Jefferson and Hamilton Bargains 17. The Whisky Rebellion  1794  Violent protesting by western Pennsylvania farmers against the federal excise tax  on whiskey 18. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions  statements drafted in 1798 and 1799,  that the federal and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.  Opposition of the Sedition   No state endorsed it o Due to fear of endangering the union  “freedom of discussion” 19. Marbury vs. Madison (1803)  The Supreme Court announced for the first time the principle that a court may  declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the Constitution.   William Marbury had been appointed a justice of the peace for the District of  Columbia in the final hours of the Adams administration.   When James Madison, Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of state, refused to deliver  Marbury’s commission, Marbury, joined by three other similarly situated  appointees, petitioned for a writ of mandamus compelling delivery of the  commissions. 20. Corps of Discovery  A specially established unit of the United States Army, which formed the nucleus  of the Lewis and Clark expedition, that took place between May 1804 and  September 1806.  A Shoshone woman named Sacagawea, realizing that this woman could help them by acting as interpreter with her people, who lived near the Missouri's headwaters.  Sent out to find animals, plants, spices, maps, anything new of the new land  Meriwether Lewis & William Clark  Jefferson dispat5ched the expedition 21. War Hawks  Young congressmen calling for war o Leaders : Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun   Defending National honor against Britain 22. Rush­Bagot Treaty  Last war against British  Sets up longest disarmed border o Now U.S and Canada  Limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain, following the War of 1812. 23. Era of Good Feelings  Under James Monroe Presidency  1817­1825  Called Era of Good feelings due to its one­party dominance, in fact, Democratic­ Republicans were deeply divided internally and a new political system was about to be  created from the old Republican­Federalist competition that had been known as the  FIRST PARTY SYSTEM. 24. Missouri Compromise  A deal proposed by senator Henry Clay   1820  To resolve the slave/free in­balance in Congress that would result from Missouri’s admission of a slave state; Maine admission as a free state to offset Missouri 25. Monroe Doctrine  1823  Had 3 Principles o The U.S would oppose any further efforts @ colonization by European  Powers o The U.S would abstain from involvement in wars against Europe o Warned European powers not to  interfere w/ newly independent Latin  states 26. The Spoils System  The principles of rotation in the political parties  The filling of federal government jobs with persons loyal to the party of the  president  Originated w/ Andrew Jackson’s First Term 27. Compromise of 1833  Enacted on March 2, 1833, was proposed by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun as  a resolution to the Nullification Crisis.  A tariff  John C. Calhoun, the vice president, had written the South Carolina Exposition  objecting to the 1828 Tariff of Abominations,  o clarifying the Nullification Doctrine and fueling the Nullification Crisis  Contending that the tariff was unconstitutional.. o  The vice president resigned and the South Carolina legislature passed an  Ordinance of Nullification declaring the Protective Tariffs null and void  within the state borders of South Carolina. This 'treasonous act' resulted in  President Jackson passing the 1833 Force Bill authorizing the use of  military force against any state that resisted the tariff laws. 28. Worchester vs. Georgia  Constituted a nation holding distinct sovereign powers. Although the decision  became the foundation of the principle of tribal sovereignty in the twentieth  century, it did not protect the Cherokees from being removed from their ancestral  homeland in the Southeast.  In 1832 that the Cherokee Indians  Chief Justice John Marshall (the judge who presided over the case) ruled in favor  of Mr. Worcester in Worcester v. Georgia. Chief Justice Marshall believed that  the state government of Georgia did not have the power to enforce a law within  lands that were not within the jurisdiction of the state. 29. Specie Circular  is a United States presidential executive order issued by President Andrew  Jackson in 1836  o pursuant to the Coinage Act and carried out by his successor o  President Martin Van Buren. It required payment for government land to  be in gold and silver. 30. “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”  a campaign slogan for William Henry Harrison and John Tyler in the presidential  election of 1840. It helped to catapult the Whig Party to the presidency for the  first time in American history.  "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!" was the rallying cry for the Whigs in 1840. The  Whigs had nominated General William Henry Harrison for President. Harrison  was famous for winning the Battle of Tippecanoe. John Tyler was running against Harrison. POLITICAL 31. Horace Mann  In house of representatives  education reformer  the common school movement 32. William Lloyd Garrison  Editor of “The Liberator” o  Enemies are inside and outside the south  Blacks should be recognized in society 33. Fifty­four forty or fight!   Polk called for expansion that included Texas, California, and the entire Oregon  territory. The northern boundary of Oregon was the latitude line of 54 degrees, 40  minutes. "Fifty­four forty or fight!" was the popular slogan that led Polk to  victory against all odds.  In 1844 the Democrats nominated JAMES K. POLK o an unknown candidate from Tennessee  It appeared as though the Whig Party candidate, Henry Clay, would win in a  landslide.   Very few Americans had ever heard the name Polk, but Clay's illustrious career  was widely known. However, Polk was an excellent strategist. He tapped into the  public mood and realized that manifest destiny was the very issue that could lead  him to victory. Polk called for expansion that included Texas, California, and  the entire Oregon territory. The northern boundary of Oregon was the latitude line of 54 degrees, 40 minutes.  34. Bear Flag Rebellion  John C. Fremont arrived at Sutter’s Fort   or the purposes of making a scientific survey. The brash young officer, however,  began to persuade a motley mix of American settlers and adventurers to form  militias and prepare for a rebellion against Mexico.  After the rebels won a few minor skirmishes with Mexican forces, Fremont  officially took command of the “Bear Flaggers” and occupied the unguarded  presidio of San Francisco on July 1.  35. Compromise of 1850  By Henty Clay  California in Union – free  Slave trade abolished in D.C  Includes the runaway law 37. Bleeding Kansas  May 1856  Proslavery mob attacked the free soil stronghold of Lawrence  Burned public and private homes  38. Uncle Tom’s Cabin  Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe­1852  Ab autobiography of a fugitive slave­ Josiah Henson 39. Charles Summer  In the House of representatives  Prominent in 1840’s  Sumner argued for integrated public schools in Massachusetts.  He also became active in political protests against Texas’s annexation and the  Mexican War. 40. Harper’s Ferry  Harpers Ferry was the target of an assault by an armed band of abolitionists led by John Brown (1800­59).   The raid was intended to be the first stage in an elaborate plan to establish an  independent stronghold of freed slaves in the mountains of Maryland and  Virginia.   Brown was captured during the raid and later convicted of treason and hanged,  but the raid inflamed white Southern fears of slave rebellions and increased the  mounting tension between Northern and Southern states before the American  Civil War (1861­65).  On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown and his band overran the federal arsenal. Some of his men rounded up a handful of hostages, including a few slaves. Word  of the raid spread and by the following day Brown and his men were surrounded.  On October 18, a company of U.S. Marines, led by Colonel Robert E. Lee (1808­ 70) and Lieutenant J. E. B. Stuart (1833­64), overran Brown and his followers.  Brown was wounded and captured, while 10 of his men were killed, including  two of his sons. 41. Battle of Antietam  In Maryland  McClellan’s army of the Potomac stopped Lee  th  Single bloodiest day in U.S History (Sept. 17  1862)  4000 men killed, 18000 wounded 2000 eventually died 43. March to the Sea  General William T Sherman led soldiers on a 285­mile march from Atlanta to  savannah Georgia.  Purpose was to was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the  Confederate cause  Lost at Atlanta and then headed west into Tennessee 44. Kansas­Nebraska Act  Appeal of the Independent Democrats  Became a law in 1854 o Broke unity in Democratic Party 45. Freedman’s Bureau  Was to establish a working free labor system  To establish schools, to provide for the poor and old  Attributes in education and health 46. “Solid South”  The Solid South or Southern bloc was the electoral voting bloc of the states of the  Southern United States for issues that were regarded as particularly important to  the interests of white Democrats in the southern states.  47. Black Codes  South government started passing new laws that restricted the freedom of blacks  Violated the free labor principles  During the 1860’s  Prohibited voting 48. Nathan Bedford Forrest  was a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861­65)  Served as the first grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. He died in 1877 at the age  of 56.  Battle of Vicksburg 49. Carpetbaggers  Were northern­born white republicans who mad their homes in the south after the  war  Many held political offices  Sought to defeat the south  looking to exploit and profit from the region’s misfortunes–supported the  Republican Party, and would play a central role in shaping new southern  governments during Reconstruction 50. Compromise of 1877  disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election (Hayes and Samuel Tilden)   Pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the  Reconstruction Era. The Essays need to be in great detail , he mentioned to try to use the above topics  in your essay and that should help you greatly! Good Luck!


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