Renaissance Rhetoric: Christine de Pizan
Renaissance Rhetoric: Christine de Pizan SPCM201
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Gioia Fisk on Monday February 22, 2016. The Bundle belongs to SPCM201 at Colorado State University taught by Jennifer E Bone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Rhetoric in Western Thought (GT-AH3) in Communication at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Christine de Pizan Monday, February 22, 29:03 AM → Review Questions What constituted the shift from the classical period to the middle ○ ages? (after fall of Rome) § Legalization of Christianity ○ How was rhetoric viewed at the start of the Middle Ages? § With suspicion, public outlets removed completely ○ What did St. Augustine believe about rhetoric? § Rhetoric could be used to understand and then teach the truth of Christian scriptures ○ What classical thinkers did Augustine use as a model for understanding and teaching scripture? § Cicero (eloquence) and Plato (knowledge to provide God's Truth) ○ "He who is eloquent should speak in such a way that he…. § Teaches, delights, and moves Renaissance Rhetoric: Christine de Pizan → Known for her writing - songs, ballads, and poems → Public strife during the 1400s → 3 Rhetorical Arts of the 12-13th Centuries 1. Preaching: "persuasion of many, within a moderate length of time, to meritorious conduct" 2. Letter writing: Official letters as records of law, commercial contracts and personal letters- Christine de Pizan made a living this way 3. Poetry: arrangement of words to have a pleasing effect (written and oral) → Christine de Pizan: About Her ○ Born in Venice, Italy ○ Moves to Paris- father became part of the King's court § Access to libraries ○ Widowed at 25 § Copied legal documents for work § Began writing poems § Hired to write biography of Charles V § Writing poetry that responded to popular poems that were immoral towards women ○ "First women of letters" personal letters and legal ○ § Copied legal documents for work § Began writing poems § Hired to write biography of Charles V § Writing poetry that responded to popular poems that were immoral towards women ○ "First women of letters" personal letters and legal documents/contracts ○ Advocating education of women ○ The Book of the City of Ladies § "I am amazed by the opinion of some men who claim that they do not want their daughters, wives, or kinswomen to be educated…" (544) § Examples of educated women and supportive fathers § "Thus, not all men (and especially the wisest) share the opinion that it is bad for women to be educated. But it is very true that many foolish men have claimed this because it displeased them that women knew more than they did…" (545) ○ The Treasure of the City of Ladies- what it means to be a virtuous lady § 3 Ways Women Can/Should be virtuous § "Women are by nature more timid and also of a sweeter disposition and for this reason, if they are wise and if they wish to, they can be the best means of pacifying men" (547) § Natural ability to be peaceful, caring, gentle, etc. § Women ought to guard against the sin of slander (548) □ Don't gossip, don't speak against fellow women § Women ought to love and support each other like sisters (551) → Renaissance 14-17th Century ○ Catholic dominance challenged by governments, merchants and professional classes ○ Italian Humanism movement formed § Belief in human powers to know and influence the world § Rhetoric became central focus § Printing press (1450s) provided wide dissemination of printed material □ System for providing information ○ Protestant Reformation (1517) ○ Renewed interest in speech and rhetoric § Classical rhetoric studied § 2500 different books on rhetoric appeared in Europe ○ Women of high classes were educated and involved Arguments ○ § Rhetoric's proper place § Scholastic vs. Humanist Models □ Scholastic: lawyers, doctors, scientists, priests, etc. □ Humanist: poetry, liberal arts ○ Women of high classes were educated and involved ○ Arguments § Rhetoric's proper place § Scholastic vs. Humanist Models □ Scholastic: lawyers, doctors, scientists, priests, etc. □ Humanist: poetry, liberal arts
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