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HIST 308 Notes Feb. 15-Feb.19, 2016

by: Audra Oul

HIST 308 Notes Feb. 15-Feb.19, 2016 HIST 308

Marketplace > California State University Long Beach > History > HIST 308 > HIST 308 Notes Feb 15 Feb 19 2016
Audra Oul
Long Beach State

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Who Should be a Lawyer? Civil and Criminal Cases Criminal Justice System Milwaukee experiment
Law and Civilization
Martha Kadue
Law and Civilization
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This 6 page Bundle was uploaded by Audra Oul on Monday February 22, 2016. The Bundle belongs to HIST 308 at California State University Long Beach taught by Martha Kadue in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Law and Civilization in History at California State University Long Beach.

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Date Created: 02/22/16
Monday, February 15, 2016 Societal influences: society at large on how people should act Societal assumptions: ideas shape how, react to things “no mass bebes”  Documentary about migrant Mexican women who came to Los Angeles in the 1960s and 70s to  give birth at County Hospital but were pushed into being sterilized instead Who should be a lawyer? Sergio Garcia: undocumented alien who passed bar exam Status of violation of the law  He applied for a green card money years before  “undocumented alien” is a phrase Be self employed as a lawyer  Federal law cannot license undocumented aliens  Stephen Glass: As a journalist, fabricated more than 40 articles for New Republic, Rolling  Stone, and other magazines between 1996 and 1998. He applied to law school. After 18 years, he needed to apply. Lawyers needed to make representatives to be believed  All of them turned down Shon Stepwood: served 11 years in federal prison for 5 armed bank robberies committed  when he was a drug addict in his early 20s While in prison, spent time in law library, and wrote two petitions for certiuras that were  accepted by U.S. Supreme Court Graduated from law school in 2014 and clarified for Judge Janice Royors Brown on U.S.  Circuit of Appeals for D.C. circuit.  His actions not following the law Is there a chance for rehabilitation? Is your words worth something? Enough if bank robber Competent not the point but character is  Have empathy for people Role of lawyer in civil law –bring law never seen  Lawyers should serve as  1. Advisers  2. Advocators  They are officers of the courts Responsibility of lawyer Learn from the relationship from the lawyer and client  Attorney act as an adviser to some kind of event/transaction  Drafting a will­ what will happen to property when dies  Negotiate and draft contracts  Contract­purchase of real estate  It is important for attorney to advise their clients  Lawyers can tell about the law  Lawyers can tell about the outcome of decisions both in legal and non­legal ways Can tell potential issues about the laws that might come out  Cost for any agreement may be more than you get from it Lawyers can help clients plan  Karl N. Llewellyn asserts about societal values  Why important to larger society? Civil and advising  Help to have an orderly society think more smoothly  Justice Scalia passed away this weekend Wanted to have certainty on how things will work out Give client the best advice  Client does not want to take advice about perspective  *If client do not take advice  *Decide to drop the client  *can leave client if client want to do something illegal  Do something illegal must say no Colorado passed law to make marijuana illegal  Client is Colorado National Bank   Civil and criminal sanctions for providing a banking service to illegal businesses  Business endorses illegal businesses  Marijuana sales legal under state law and violate federal law  Can bank open account for pot shop? Do business in cash  Shop can only deal with cash Public safety issue  Try middle ground­we will not go after you for these crimes… Executive decisions if go after requirements  Open account for pot shop Possible change of law  No long guarantee if stay in effect  If the law changes, we will have to close these account  *Lawyers can tell law what it is  What laws might be, possible law for opening business  Not always easy to advocate for prospective decision  *Motive and state of mind of client tell if illegal or transaction  Cross examination of the client Do a background checks  Ask certain questions Resolve these type Suppose to represent client for best interest of society  *cannot help someone commit fraud *Lawyers advisers and officers of court Anna and Andy are candidates for promotion to a XYZ Corporation  Anna has 3 years of experience and get performance review except for one man who was  accused by Ann of sexual harassment and was disciplined by XYZ Corporation In accordance with its sexual harassment policy  Law prohibits many decisions based on sex of employee  Bob, a senior executive is the decision maker Bob chase Andy. His written report focused on the more complex project that Andy has  made When Bob hands the report to the judge there  Bob, a senior executive decision maker Selected Ann for promotion. Her written report focused high level of work did where being subjected to sexual harassment, and the way Ann had hides the situation, reporting  harassment to HR, continue to work, while the company made the complaint, and  accepting the company’s discipline set the manner as far as outcome When handling you her report, both says sex, and there be women in management.  Dicey to have another woman  Have own their bits Really doing for his reason Issue of morality  Can have morality  Decision –ultimate decision of client  Lawyer Jane is negotiating contract for client who is a commercial real estate hit  Lawyer Joe is negotiating on behalf of the buyer  1. Jane relies that Joe is unaware of a pending development on adjoining that will  greatly decrease the value of the property. She alerts client A (who is Jane) to not  share the info with Joe  Joe has property  Property value can change  Joe has not requested it to check for it to be checked for hazardous materials if seller (client A)  did not request it. It would not be release to seller (client A) to receive payment, extraordinary  tax, or hazardous.  *Lawyers withdraw cannot represent if position client say do not tell and you tell  Civil cases have a car accidents  Whatever are the facts are the facts  *represents facts favorable to client  Can put best spin Can bring a legal positon that is frivolous  Sue McDonald from coffee from 20 years ago  Cars did not have cup holders No zarf­cup holder  Served coffee­hotter than the usual  Sue McDonald for getting burns sometimes  Tort­wrongful act on right to civil liability  McDonald can deal with this  Second degree burn Wednesday, February 17, 2016 Criminal Justice System  Legislative make laws –pass laws to make an act crime if perceive detrimental to society  Police begin enforcement through arrests  Prosecutors file criminal charges and plea bargaining  Defense attorneys represent the accused   Judges impose sentences   Parole Board considers release before end of maximum sentence  Behavior detrimental to society should not be passed Parole Board more tune to pick one group over the other  Does Society want plea bargaining? Plea Bargaining­ plea guilty­we recommend “Y” sentence Society values for canceling for crime do not want please not guilty to go to jail Right to counsel in criminal cases  Attitude towards censoring  Early release benefits society If you are prosecutor: who are clients? Representing the people Best for society­good to get conviction­to seek justice  Stanley Case: See drugs as an issue in the society  Detrimental to him and to his family and try to get a job with construction  Stanley 23 year old male Heroin associated with junkie  Heroin had pretty bad reputation  Demographics of heroin substantially different  Stanly committed a felony, cannot get a job, but can lose productive in society if convicted Many people happen to them that cannot get a job from low income to racial minorities  Possibility: Stanley how 40 years old tell him about felony would not tell about unemployed for  the rest of his life  Criminal defense lawyer­prosecutor information to seek justice  Lawyer frivolously defends the client  Is it prosecutor doing the community favor for criminal to defend a client? Can afford a criminal case­how much fine can give the case? Defend on extent if give a judge Have a lot of people representing Prosecutor and public defenders  Not OJ Simpson defense team to develop a case  Certain level of legal representation  Some very good public defenders  Trevor Case: 23 year old arrested by police for burglary for breaking into a home Victimizing crime­Trevor hurting other people Stanley was hurting himself Look at impact at what he did Stanley went off to get high  He kept the gun  Judge sentence someone never amount to anything Look at their path was  Society have different conceptions of crimes  War on crimes  Mandatory minimum  California by proposition  Michael Stanley Dukakis opposes the death penalty  Allowed weekend passes  Rush support decisions  Fear of crime a big deal  ­­Dukakis was a governor of Massachusetts  William R. Horton convicted of murder was had weekend pass When he escaped, he raped a woman ­­­he insisted that never killed or rape Milwaukee experiment­ states spends a lot of money for incarcerations To pay for the food and all of it. It was a cost issue    Client convicted of rape and murder wants to appeal because he questioned after arrest  and confessed, without access to a lawyer. Would you file an appeal? Many people reluctant to allow for that appeal  ­­Victim must reasonably believe there was an intent to injure her. Most of the time is rapist is  armed or physically harm Dan White shot and killed San Francisco supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George M. White attorney claimed that White was depressed and the depression manifested itself in  behaviors unusual for White that aggravated the depression, including a change in diet  from being a healthy food but to subsisting on junk food Dan White supervisor reason position and want to be reinstated  Depression more in depth to emotions Depression are things only going on in brain  Evidence of depression *manslaughter not for first degree murder  Is this a frivolous defense? ­­­Frivolous: not of serious value? Client tells criminal defense attorney that he killed a missing 5 year old girl and hid her  body where it is unlikely to be found. The client tells the lawyer where the body is. The  girl’s parents are frantic. What is the attorney’s big action? To her client? To the court? It is a privileged Need to be confidential  Defense attorney worst nightmare Lawyers have to make judgments   


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