Ancient Greek Art and Architecture Week 3 + 4
Ancient Greek Art and Architecture Week 3 + 4 ART 320
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Madalynne Lewis on Monday February 22, 2016. The Bundle belongs to ART 320 at Oregon State University taught by Rebekah Perry in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see History of Ancient Greek Art and Architecture in Art at Oregon State University.
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Date Created: 02/22/16
Ancient Greek Art 320 Notes- Week 3+ 4 The Archaic Period: Architecture 600-480 BC The Temple: Examples- The Pantheon, Rome 126AD -The White House -Caesar's Palace, Las Vegas Origins of the Temple Function- Religious buildings used for worshiping gods, built on sacred sites, held statues of the deity specific to worship for the building. 3 Types Greek Architectural Orders -Doric -Ionic -Corinthian Poseidonia (Pasteum, Italy)- Temple of Hero 1 Temple of Athena, 500 BC Temples often decorated with relief sculpture- Relief- sculpture that projects off of its background ● Pediment of Temple of Artemis, Corcyca, (Corfu) Greece 580 BC Medusa flanked by her sons Pegasus and Chrysaor and two panthers, and embattled mythological figures, highly stylized and schematic -the archaic smile -intertwined snakes around her waist symbolic of female sexuality and fertility -pose of medusa is reminiscent of a swastika Symbolism Center Group- Apotropaic/guardian imagery, protects temple from evil spirits Narrative references to the Trojan War and Gigantomachy = Triumph of order and civilization over barbarism How is Ionic different from Doric: -Columns have a base -Columns are thinner -Volute Capitals -Continuous Frieze (no triglyphs or metopes Corinthian- foliate motif capital (natural- organic) Doric Temple- Greek Temple, Segesta, Italy Entasis-swelling of the columns in the middle Two rooms in greek temples: Pronaos and Cella -treasury -statue room
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