WHII Test 2
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Date Created: 02/22/16
WHII TEST 2 02/19/2015 ▯ 1. World War I, 1914-1918; World War II, 1939-1945; cold war, 1945- 1989 ▯ ▯ 2. soviet union 1922-1991; When it dissolved it broke up to many states, o Russia and Ukraine, among others Always had same type of government- authoritarian ▯ 3.democracy vs. authoritarianism democracy o universal suffrage o parliament that passes legislation o multi-party-rule more than one political party can run/ rule Authoritarian o Universal suffrage o Parliament o Single-party rule One political party ▯ ▯ 4. communism political tradition that emerged from the communist manifesto advocates for the rights of factory workers scientific laws of history will lead to lives of workers ▯ socialism seeks to protect workers rights does not call for or desire a revolution reform of the reconomy, intervention of the economy in order to improve. ▯ Leninism still seeks to improve workers lives V.I Lenin Desired a Proletarian revolution like communism Human beings can make decisions that effect historical change (human will) Human beings will bring about the Proletarian revolution- ▯ 5. Marx and Engels, The communist Manifesto (1848) argued that the way in which workers lives would be improved was through a violant revolution that was inevitable because of scientific laws of history lead to a classless stateless society human agency isn’t important, historical change comes about regardless what we do, doesn’t drive change ▯ ▯ 6. proletariat; proletarian revolution ▯ ▯ 7. V.I. Lenin (1870-1924) lived in Russia leader of Great Russian Revolution in 1917 ▯ ▯ 8. revolutionary vanguard Lenin Human beings will bring about the Proletarian revolution Small groups of political leaders that would organize the outbreak of a revolution ▯ ▯ 9. Lenin, What is to be Done? (1902) spells out the principal of revolutionary vanguard ▯ ▯ 10. Bolshevik Party (Bolsheviks=Leninists) 1903 most working class embraced Leninism “bigger or greater” 11. Menshevik Party embraced social legislation, passage of laws on ways to improve working class minority party ▯ ▯ II ▯ 12. Russian Monarchy; tsar and tsarina (from Latin Caesar) Subjects believed tsars’ power came from God ▯ ▯ 13. Nicholas II and Alexandra (ruled from 1894-1917) gave up thrown which led to dissolution of monarchy due to the realization they had lost the confidence of the Russian people left St. Petersburg and became head commander in Russian Military o he was awful and made decisions that led to high death rates Alexandra led gov’t when husband went away and she was never trained and was awful at it o Put trust in ideas of Rasputin ▯ ▯ 14. The Great Russian Revolution (1917; also called Bolshevik Revolution) took place while WWI was happening, Russia March 12, 1917 Russian monarchy ended (First big event) ▯ ▯ ▯ 15. St. Petersburg (capital until 1918); Moscow (capital after 1918) ▯ ▯ 16. Rasputin (hemophilia) monk, special powers to cure sick people Alexandra believed he had power to heal hemophilia –bleeding disorder Ran gov’t to help himself get rich, corruption ▯ 17. soviet Russian word meaning council By summer of 1917 tons of soviets, union of councils spread throughout Small local grass-root organization that attempted to address the problems of the country Increasingly becoming well-armed Very loyal to the Bolshevik party After the Russian monarchy dissolved, a temporary gov’t stepped in. This gov’t refused to take Russia out of WWI and the people didn’t like that ▯ 18. St. Petersburg Soviet most powerful of the many soviets in Russia led by Leon November 7, 1917 o Took over all buildings in Russian capital and communication networks Other soviets were doing same outside of St.Petersburg Second big event, take over of gov’t by soviets November 7. 1917 ▯ 19. Leon Trotsky St. Petersburg soviet leader Friend of Lenin ▯ III Lenin Began pulling Russian troops out of WWI to win over people ▯ 20. Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 1918) ended all Russian involvement in WWI ▯ 1918-1920 civil war ▯ ▯ 21. New Economic Policy (N.E.P) announced by Lenin in March 1921 leader who believed there should be no private property or free enterprise this promoted these things as a way of building popularity in building enough to declare the Soviet Union December 1922 o still one problem inside Bolsevik party division in party due to competition due to 1922 Lenin being sick (strokes that left him disabled) ▯ 22. Joseph Stalin(1879-1953) in charge of B party, Soviet Union after Lenin died cruel things with power ▯ ▯ 23. First Five Year Plan (1929-1932) lasted 4 years rapidly industrialized the soviet union 5 million peasants died ▯ 24. command economy no free market, state run economy state owns all property, makes all economic decisions ▯ 25. Great Purge (1934-1938) opponents of stalin and Bolsevik party arrested and killed 300,000 people killed or sent to gulag ▯ 26. gulag concentration camps basically ▯ 27. Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich (Nazi Germany) ▯ ▯ The Rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party ▯ I. What lessons did Hitler learn from his Vienna days? ▯ II. What did Hitler learn from the Beer Hall Putsch? ▯ III. How did two economic crises help Hitler? ▯ IV. How did Article 48 legally help Hitler rise to power? ▯ ▯ 1. interwar period = time between the two world wars o (World War I, 1914-1918; World War II, 1939-1945) ▯ ▯ 2. Weimar Republic (Weimar = capital of Germany after WWI) ▯ ▯ 3. Treaty of Versailles: adding insults to injury in minds of Germans left Germans upset with the leaders of the government Article 231 (“war-guilt” clause) o Germany had to accept all blame/guilt of WWI Reparations o Money to be paid for causing destruction of war o So high it would negatively effect germany and Europe John Maynard Keynes, Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) o Warned about economic reparations would cause economic problems reduced military o size of Germany military significantly reduced o limited to 100,000 officers and men o ▯ ▯ ▯ 5. Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) took his own life veteran of WWI who missed the trenches and resented the treaty. Injured in 1918 Born in Austro-Hungary ▯ 6. German Workers' Party Hitler joined this in 1919 o Quickly became one of leaders Small political party ▯ 7. National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) reorganized itself in 1920 ▯ 8. Linz; Vienna Hitler left hometown of Linz so he could go to artschool in Vienna to become an architect. Rejected 2 times ▯ I ▯ 9. Dr. Sigmund Freud: father of psychoanalysis (psyche) began to study human emotions and rationality o humans are highly motivated by emotion Adolf Hitler came in contact with these ideas which became a tool of power for Adolf ▯ ▯ 10. Mein Kampf; Four and One-Half Years of Struggle ▯ against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice (1925) Hitler’s book that showed evidence of the power of human emotions as a political tool. German nationalisim “My struggle, my battle of my fight” second title was that original title ,but publisher edited it, concerned the Nazi Party struggle ▯ ▯ 11. "the leader must be primarily a psychologist" leader needs to tap into emotions and mobilize those emotions for the leader’s political goals ▯ ▯ 12. Karl Lueger (mayor of Vienna from 1897-1910) one reason he was repeatedly relected was due to anti-semetic apeals ▯ 13.anti-semitism (anti-Jewish hostility and hatred) ▯ II ▯ 14. Beer Hall Putsch in Munich (1923; putsch = coup d’etat) o violant overthrow of the government not successful, just an attempt Hitler and some other members stormed the Beer Hall where some local city officials were meeting and declare that the revolution come to the Weimar republic… o They were arrested and thrown in jail LOL Hitler put on trial for treason and if found guilty punishment is executed Lasted for 5 weeks, Hitler openedly admitted that he tried to overthrow the government but refused to say that was a treasonist act, he argued it was an act of patriotism because they signed the hated TOV Not sentenced to death, just five years of prisonment with early release if he had 6 months of good behavior. He promised he wouldn’t try to take over the government with violence but build the power based off knowledge of human psychology. ▯ ▯ III ▯ ▯ 15. hyper-inflation (1923) extreme intense inflation, value of money Is rapidly going down. Created a bunch of anxiety, savings account became worthless, pay checks became worthless. ▯ ▯ 16. Great Depression (began October 1929) In NYC stock exchange crash continued to cause great economic problems in USA and rest of world which unleashed the geat depression. Those who were more effected by stock market crash were those who were more industrialized because industry rounded to an holt. o Unemployment skyrocketed ▯ Nzai votes rose with unemployment rate ▯ In 1932 Nazi became the strongest party in Germany ▯ 17. Article 48 (presidential emergency powers) said that if president decided an emergency existed then he could dissolve the parliament and pass laws of land all by himself. o Could suspend freedom of the press/ freedom of association o Could arrest / jail enemies of state One limit that the president could only invoke it for one month and allow everything to come back ▯ 18. President vs. Chancellor Chancellor is similar to the prime minister of England o Is head of parliament Appoint members of the cabinet (ministers of state) ▯ 19. Cabinet (Ministers of State; Minister of the Interior) Minister of Interior – make police force ▯ ▯ ▯ The Nazi “Community of the People” ▯ I. How did Article 48 legally help Hitler rise to power? ▯ II. Discuss Nazi cultural policy. ▯ III. Discuss the Nazi policy of “bribery through the stomach.” ▯ IV. Discuss the Nazis’ Euthanasia Program. ▯ ▯ 1. Paul von Hindenburg (1847- August 2, 1934) president of Weimar republic led army to some important battle successes ▯ ▯ 2. January 30, 1933 (day Hitler became Chancellor of Weimar Republic) ▯ ▯ I ▯ 3. Reichstag Fire (February 27, 1933) fire broke out in the parliament building in republic , we don’t know who started fire Used fire to convince Hindenburg to use article 48 that they were enemies of the state and throwing communist in jail ▯ 4. Reichstag Fire Decree (Decree of the President for the ▯ Protection of the People and State; February 28, 1933) Used article 48 and started throwing socialist and communist in jail. So many in jail they had to build concentration camps for them. Hitler gave it a new name, “Decree of the President for the Protection of the People and State” Feb 28, 1933 ▯ 5. Enabling Act (Law for the Termination of the Suffering of the People) March 23, 1933 parliament allowed to meet again said from then on out, all lawmaking power passed from adolf hitler and not the parliament helped establish authoritarian rule ▯ ▯ 6. Law against the New Formation of Parties July 14, 1933; “The National Socialist German Workers Party constitutes the only political party in Germany.” ends democracy ▯ 7. Führer (August 1, 1934, day before Hindenburg died) o Hitler decreed that the power of the president would be merged with the power of the Chancellor ▯ ▯ 8. Third Reich (Nazi Germany) o ▯ 9. Volksgemeinschaft (“community of the people”) ▯ ▯ ▯ 10. “Aryan” being a waste of people Aryans are superior race and jews were inferior Jews are polluters of Aryans race and needed to go One ideal characteristic (blonde, blue-eyed and tall), and also wanted everyone to be loyal and obedient to Nazi party ▯ 11. 4 policies II Nazi cultural policy o At the end of March of 1933, Hitler announced the creation of a new ministry that would become part of his cabinet Reich Ministry of Propaganda and Popular Enlightement became heart of policy o Josef Goebbels – minister of Propaganda His job to make sure all cultural expresssions fit with Nazi party, everything had to reflect Nazi party o Gleichschaltung (“coordination”; “bringing into line;” “making same”) he organized mass book burnings o (may of 1933) first big book burning books written by jews, out of keeping, socialst Albert Einstein, Karl Marx, Jack London 15. "degenerate art" o modern abstract art - its sick and Jewish even though the painters and sculptures were not jewish (Paul Klee, Wasily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso) o wanted to be art to be a physical copy of nature naturalistic art 17. “New German art” o (Adolf Ziegler, Adolf Wissel, Arno Breker) aimed to be naturalist, precise copy of physical reality o used art to teach german society Nazi values July 1938- Expedition of Degenerate Art o To teach german people to tell them what values they should have, showed abstract art and people went cuz they thought they would never be able to see it again o Jazz and Swing music was considered Degenerate Art Edelweiss Pirates and Swing Youth o Young people wanted to be able to listen to own music and own interest , would get together and listen/dance to jazz and swing music o Went around countryside and beat up people of Hitler Youth 19. Hitler Youth o (directed by Baldur von Schirach) o making sure young men were becoming good nazis bribery through the stomach policy o trying to buy loyalty of people through consumer goods o most famous item was the famous volskwagen o Volkswagen Peoples car 21. “Strength through Joy” o (directed by Robert Ley) use consumer goods to award germans for being loyal also created holiday/ vacation packages o 22. Prora resort 1936-1939 built in northern Germany on Baltic sea elaborate complex in order to give as many germans as possible to give germans the opportunity for vacation 20,000 rooms became site for military training for WWII Euthanasia Program policy IV summer of 1939 o Means to deliberately kill someone in order to put it out of its misery , end suffering o Gross mislabel o Killed thousands of people, were not suffering physical pain autism, downs syndrome, schizophrenia, epilepsy, polio o more like eugenics study of genetics for improvement of species practiced in many countries including the U.S. Sterilization was a common practice o By in large not Jewish, mostly german Christians o Started with kids up to 16 In summer of 1939 Killed by deadly injections Deliberate starvation, Nazi would give them a drug called …. 25. paraldehyde o drug that would paralyze and left to starve to death o doctors participated August of 1939 he extended it to include adults that had mental/ physical impairments o Wanted a more efficient way so they started using Gas Chambers o 26. Action T4 Location: (Tiergarten Street #4; directed by Karl Brandt) nazi official name for first gas chamber program used carbon dioxide stopped because of protests o 27. Zyklon B gas that was develop as an insecticide persecution of the Jews (resulted in Nazi Holocaust) ▯ 28. Nazi Holocaust ▯ ▯ Origins of the Cold War ▯ ▯ Cold War (***promise question) 1945-1989 Origins predate start of cold war o 1939 ▯ Year in which WWII began Shortly after signing of Nazi/Soviet Pact ***Promise Question August 23 , 1939d ▯ ▯ Between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union Hitler did not sign it himself German guy named Ribbentrop signed in his place, Soviet named Molotov signed for Russia Sometimes called Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact for representatives that signed it Created alliance between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union Germany was nationalist while Soviet Union was internationalist Surprised world when they signed ▯ ▯ Nazi Soviet Pact did 2 things 1. Not fight against each other in the case of a war breaking out in Europe 2. Nazi Germany and Soviet Union would invade Poland and gobble up Poland of themselves ▯ ▯ September 1, 1939, Germany came in from West and Russia from East and gobble up of Poland ▯ People angry so protested ▯ ▯ September 3, 1939—Great Britain and France declared war on Nazi Germany and Soviet Union Start of WWII ▯ ▯ April 30, 1945 (1945 last year of WWII) ▯ ▯ September 30, 1945 Adolf Hitler committed suicide WWII in Europe would soon my over ▯ ▯ May 8, 1945 V.E. Day (Victory in Europe Day) WWII ended However, fighting continued in Asia ▯ ▯ Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 U.S. declared war on Japan, thus declaring war on Nazi Germany ▯ ▯ September 2, 1945 V.J. Day (Victory in Japan Day) Japan unconditionally surrendered after atomic bombs dropped on Japan Last day of WWII around world ▯ ▯ Hegemony Domination Prior to WWII, Europe had global domination Europe started losing global hegemony after WWI New world powers arising o United States o Soviet Union ▯ ▯ After WWII Europe no longer had global domination World order came to be divided by two conflicted super powers/rivals who competed against each other in order to compete for control and power of world ▯ ▯ United States ▯ Soviet Union ▯ 1945-1989—Cold War rivalry Neither side ever won o Europe will be divided into two hostile spheres of influence due to competition between U.S. and Soviet Union Rivalry extended to other parts of world ▯ ▯ What general issues divided Soviet Union and U.S. in the Cold War super-powestrivalry for global hegemony (Study Question 1) 1 set of general issues Concerned political and economic views of Soviet Union and U.S. Had very contradictory political and economic views Practically opposite ▯ U.S. promoted democratic, multi-party rule and free markets/enterprise ▯ Wanted it to be free of government control ▯ Soviet Union promoted single-party authoritarian rule and advocated command economies ▯ Economies that do not have freedom form government intervention ▯ Economy that is under control of government ▯ Struggle to see whose political and economic was better ▯ 2 nd set of general issues ▯ Nuclear weapons ▯ Both super powers amassed increasing numbers of nuclear arms ▯ Nuclear arms race ▯ Large number of nukes weren’t actually stationed on U.S. or Soviet territory—placed actually in Europe ▯ Never came to shoot of nukes ▯ Just threaten ▯ Cold War ▯ Never led to a hot war (active military fighting) between U.S. and Soviet Union ▯ Were number of hot wars broke out triggered by outbreak of U.S. Soviet rivalry ▯ Korean War, Vietnam War, Soviet-Afghan War ▯ While they weren’t being fought by US or Soviet, they both were involved in some way ▯ 1946 ▯ Speech delivered in US in Fulton, Missouri by Winston Churchill ▯ Prime Minister of Britain 1940-1945 ▯ Iron Curtain had fallen across Europe ▯ Eastern and Western rival European half ▯ “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent” ▯ rival sides in world ▯ Assigned blame for falling of iron curtain ▯ Said it was Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin ▯ Head of Soviet from 1924-1945 ▯ Blamed him for division of Europe ▯ Historians look at events took place during WWII to see origins of Cold War ▯ 5 important meetings that took place during WWII that contributed toward the division of Europe into rival spheres ▯ 5 meetings (Promise Questions about 5 meetings***) Held in order to try and decide what the peace settlement of WWII would look like Terms of peace settlement was being decided while war was still going on (instead of after like WWI) People that decided this were the victor powers of WWII ▯ The Big 3 United States Great Britain Soviet Union Had been allies due to Nazi-Soviet pact 1941, Soviet Union stopped being an ally and moved into alliance with Great Britain and US Did this because June 22, 1941 ▯ Nazi broke Nazi-Soviet pact ▯ They invaded Soviet Union in operation called Operation Barbarossa ▯ Biggest invasion in history of world ▯ Stretched 1800 miles lone ▯ Almost length of Europe ▯ 4 million German soldiers ▯ Because of this, Soviet Union looking for allies to fight against Germany after June 22, 1941 ▯ 1 Meeting ▯ Off coast of Newfoundland (Eastern Canada) ▯ August 1941 ▯ Only leaders from United States and Great Britain went ▯ Churchill for Great Britain ▯ Franklin Delano Roosevelt (US President 1933-April 1945) ▯ Both created document called Atlantic Charter ▯ Once war was over, everyone should be guaranteed opportunity for free enterprise ▯ “no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely expressed wishes of the peoples concerned” ▯ All countries should have right to choose their own borders ▯ Country should not be able to come in and impose borders on them ▯ Idea Stalin didn’t like ▯ Didn’t go because he did not like no territorial changes rule nd ▯ 2 Meeting ▯ Teheran (today capital of independent country of Iran) ▯ Then under British control ▯ (Study Question Number 2) Meetings in Teheran ▯ December 1943 ▯ Leaders of all Big 3 leaders ▯ Discussed what they would do with Germany after the war ▯ Decided they would demilitarize Germany ▯ They did not talk about division of Germany ▯ Talk about fate of Poland ▯ Borders of Poland would be picked up and moved westward—Atlantic Charter thrown out window ▯ Eastern part of Poland given to Soviet Union and Poland then Poland given a chunk of land that belonged to Germany ▯ 3rd Meeting ▯ Took place in Moscow ▯ October 1944 ▯ Percentages Agreement (“naughty document” ▯ Churchill, Stalin and Averell Harriman for US ▯ Roosevelt’s health was deteriorating ▯ Once WWII was over ▯ Independent country of Romania would 90% go to Soviet Union ▯ Western Powers get 90% control of Greece ▯ 10% of Greece to Soviet Union ▯ Yugoslavia each have 50% control of that ▯ Division of independent country ▯ Hungary each have 50% of country ▯ Bulgaria have 75% control of Soviet Union ▯ US and Britain would be giving up land to Soviet Union ▯ Hard to defeat Nazi Germany ▯ They needed Soviet Union to join them and fight with them to defeat Nazi Germany ▯ Made some concessions in order for SU to fight against Nazi-Germany ▯ (Study Question 3) 4 th Meeting ▯ Yalta—city on Black Sea ▯ February 1945 ▯ This is Soviet turf ▯ All 3 leaders of Big 3 were present ▯ Confirmed previous decisions they had made in Teheran and Moscow ▯ Also Poland ▯ Czech would fall inside Soviet sphere of influence ▯ Germany would be divided into 4 occupation zones ▯ Each of them would get a piece of divided Germany ▯ Also decided to give an occupation zone to France ▯ France did not fight in WWII, occupied quickly by Nazi Germany ▯ Except for French Resistance ▯ In honor of that, given a chunk of land ▯ All of those occupied powers in Germany would cooperate with each other in order to rebuild Germany’s economy ▯ 5 th Meeting ▯ Potsdam—suburb of Berlin ▯ July 1945 ▯ Roosevelt has passed away ▯ Harry S. Truman now President of US 1945-1953 ▯ They’re going to go through with decision made in Teheran (about Poland) and division of Germany (Yalta) ▯ Confirm cooperation with one another ▯ European powers did not allow to take any goods from Germany ▯ Soviet Union took a lot of things from their part of Germany (including people and laboratories) ▯ This angered US, Britain, and France ▯ Occupation zones (US, Britain, Soviet Union, France) ▯ US, Britain and France said they were united against zone of Soviet Union ▯ 1949 ▯ Federal Republic of Germany ▯ West Germany (US, France, Britain) ▯ German Democratic Republic ▯ East Germany (Soviet Union) ▯ ▯ Berlin divided into 4 occupation zones ▯ Berlin Wall (built 1961) East German government constructed it Tore down November 9, 1989 End of Cold War ▯ WWI WWII Cold War date ▯ Lenon what is to be done 1902 ▯ ▯ The Korean War and the Vietnam War ▯ I. What was the policy of containment and who began this idea? ▯ II. Who were Syngman Rhee and Kim Il Sung? ▯ III. Who was Ho Chi Minh and what did he do? ▯ IV. What was decided at the Geneva Conference in 1954? ▯ ▯ 1.) cold war vs. hot war never were engaged in fighting with eachother (cold war) war where there is active military engagement (hot war) o Korean War, Vietnam War, Soviet-Afghan War Hot wars ▯ 2.) client state state that received military and or financial backing from one of the super powers ▯ 3.) non-aligned states (Egypt, Yugoslavia, and India) o managed to escape coming client states and being absorbed into the rival spheres ▯ 4.) Korean War, Vietnam War, and Soviet-Afghan War hot wars Korea and Vietnam: o Both of these countries came to be divided into northern and southern halves o In northern half of both of them they’re client states of soviet unior o In southern half, it comes to follow American influence o One difference Vietnam is no longer divided in northern half. It was reunited into country in 1975 with single party rule Korea was not reunited ▯ I ▯ 5.) policy of containment; domino theory said that the soviet union was an aggressive power looking to take over word. It was about the need for the USA to contain the power of the Soviet Union argued that when the USSR spread its power they would take out one country at a time, if one country went their neighbor would go (dominoe theory) George F. Kennan ▯ 6.) George F. Kennan, "Long Telegram" (1946) o policy of containment o US diplomat o Made observations while working in Moscow, US needed to contain aggression First published this idea in Long telegram ▯ 7.) Truman Doctrine Harriet Truman president of US after rosevelt died Embraced Kennan’s ideas 1947 doctrine appeared first official announcement that the US adopted the policy of containment stated the US was prepared to offer military aid to countries that were threatened by soviet expansion ▯ 8.) NSC 68 another official government announcement about the policy of engagement national security council, one of the main bodies in US gov’t that was responsible for formulating foreign policy stated soviet union was a fearsly aggressive country aiming on taking over the world the US had to use military means to stop aggression announced in april 1950 o one year after formal creation of eat/west Germany 1949- soviet union exploded its first atomic weapon Korean war also started in 1950-1953 ▯ Korean War Political instability In 1910 japan took over korea o Took over land and forced the Koreans to work on their old land to feed Japan o Many korean revolts, nationalist movement Seen as liberating movements Grew strong enough to send delegation to Paris Korean revolutionary movement group arose during WWI Insprired by the great Russian revolution of 1917 Particulary inspired by Lenin and his ideas of a revolutionary against vanguard Japan lost korea after WWII Korea’s independence didn’t last long. Both super powers wanted korea so they divided it ▯ 9.) Lenin; revolutionary vanguard; Bolshevik ▯ 10.) 38th Parallel divided korea , the line that divides it. ▯ II ▯ 11.) Syngman Rhee (pro-US; lived 1875-1965) leader of south korea after WWII, hated revolutionary movement and north korea ▯ 12.) Kim Il Sung (pro-Soviet; lived 1912-1994) leader of north korea admirer of Lenin , fought for soviet union during WWII asked stalins permission to invade south korea, stalin said yes, he didn’t think they would protest, US put policy of containment into action in 1950, start of Korean war china became involved end of Korean war they were once separated again ▯ 13.) China taken over by Chinese Communist Party in 1949 ▯ 14.) Republic of Korea (South Korea official name; multiparty rule since 1988, free enterprise) ▯ 15.) Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea; single-party rule under Korean Workers' Party) ▯ 16.) Kim Jong-un (“Supreme Leader”; Kim Il Sung’s grandson) o current leader of North Korea ▯ 17.) Indochina (area between India and China) in 1802 the gov’t of Vietnam was taken over by Nguyen dynasty ▯ 18.) Nguyen Dynasty native to Vietnam took over gov’t the french were also interested in control of Vietnam, grew in 19 century during new imperialism by 1887 france fully took over Vietnam, made them puppets of french gov’t took away land and made it to plantation farms to make money some worked in mines, some worked in rubber plantation, at end of 19 century they were competing with Leopold II for rubber harvesting life was hard under french rule ▯ III ▯ 19.) Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969) worked to get french out of Vietnam “ringer of light” nationalist who was seeking to get french out traveled to france during WWI hoping to convince the french, tried to meet with Woodrow Wilson, failed started to study ideas of Lenin, attracted to his idea of Vanguard went to nationalist to Leninist went to soviet union for training/ revolutionary leadership in 1941 french were gone from Vietnam but Japan was there o france was defeated by Nazi Germany in 1940 and took all their overseas holdings and gave them away to friends ▯ 20.) guerrilla warfare vs. traditional warfare traditional o a lot of military gear, heavy equipment, hard to move ▯ 21.) Viet Minh in 1941 Ho Chi Minh organized this men were guerilla fighters o fighters that use non-traditional warfare ambushes, raid, hit and run operations fight in small units, makes them mobile lightly armed, mobile ▯ 22.) First IndoChina War (1946-1954) Japan surrended 1945, Vietnam was freed from Japanese, looked like they had independence, but french wanted their old colony back French sent troops in 1945 in Vietnam to win back Vietnam ▯ ▯ 23.) Dien Bien Phu (March to May, 1954) battle guerilla forces that one, Vietnam won french decides they don’t really want it anymore ▯ 24.) Geneva Conference (April to July, 1954; 17 th parallel) decided that vietnam would be divided into north and south divided at 17 thparallel elections were suppose to be held in 1956, Diem didn’t want elections to be held, hated north vietnam ▯ 25.) Ngo Dinh Diem nationalist pro US south Vietnam ▯ 26.) Second IndoChina War (also called Vietnam War; 1957- 1975) war broke out against north and south Vietnam US-south USSR- north US stopped supporting south Vietnam 1975 ▯ 27.) Socialist Republic of Vietnam leadership under (Communist Party of Vietnam) o north Vietnam united all of vietnam ▯ ▯
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