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Business of Music 1st Week Notes

by: Channa Smith

Business of Music 1st Week Notes 28-1410

Marketplace > Columbia College Chicago > Entrepreneurship > 28-1410 > Business of Music 1st Week Notes
Channa Smith

GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These notes are explaining what music is and how the music business operates.
Business Of Music
Kent Anderson
Business of Music, Music, acoustic, analog, dialog, electronic, magnetic, Studio, Sound
75 ?




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This 4 page Bundle was uploaded by Channa Smith on Tuesday February 23, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 28-1410 at Columbia College Chicago taught by Kent Anderson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Business Of Music in Entrepreneurship at Columbia College Chicago.

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Date Created: 02/23/16
Music Is Sound Sound – Vibrations that travel through the air or another medium and can be heard when they reach a person or animal’s ear Amplitude – the density of air molecules at a given point in time. Closely related to loudness Frequency – the speed at which an air pressure wave oscillates. Hi frequency sounds generally have a high pitch and vice versa Time – Music – vocal or instrumental sounds (or both) What is Music?  Pitch  Rhythm  Tempo  Contour  Timbre  Loudness  Reverberation Recording – the action or process of recording sound or a performance for subsequent production Sound pressure wave – an air pressure variation cycle Audio – can be data The 4 Eras of Recording  Acoustic – no overdubs, no editing, no erasing, no mass duplication = cut direct to cylinder Electronic  Magnetic – Tape Multi – track (infinite) unlimited overdubs Digital Analog vs. Digital  Wax recorders and magnetic tape machines are ANALOG recorders. They merely draw a physical representation of sound waves and audio signals on a medium  Analog signals directly represent air pressure waves and are generally not square  Digital signals represent a code. Digital audio is a binary code transmitted as a square wave.  Digital signals are not analog How Does Digital Recording Work?  All digital recording is based on the concept of sampling. Samples quantify analog signals into digital words  The main parameters used to quantify an analog audio signal are Sample Rate and Bit Death Compressed vs. Uncompressed  Digital Audio Formats Uncompressed file formats  WAV AIFF SDII  A code is a device or program capable of encoding and / or decoding a digital data stream or signal. The word codec may be a combination of any of the following: compressor-decompressor  Compressed file formats aka codecs: MP3, AAC, WMA, etc. The Recording Studio The Studio  Musicians  Copyist  Arrangers  Business manager  Traffic manager  Chief engineer 2  House engineers  Mixers editors  Mastering techs  Music supervisor  Repair tech  Interns  Sales department  Reception The Studio  Transducers – microphones  Console – multitrack – software  Recorder / computer (interface)  Signal processors – outboard gear / software  Monitors / headphones  Talent  Analog vs. Digital Signal Processors – intentional alteration of auditory signal  EQ  Compression  Reverb  Delay  Etc. etc. etc. Basic Stages of Record Production  Pre-production (budgeting & planning)  Basic tracking  overdubbing  Mixing  Mastering Choosing the Right Studio  Location 3  Budget  The Room (i.e. live – isolation booths or control)  The console (SSL, Neve console or DAW)  The mics and outboard gear (plug0ins)  The Producer  The engineer 4


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