Ansc 211 Extra FInal Exam Notes
Ansc 211 Extra FInal Exam Notes 211
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This 0 page Bundle was uploaded by randomchic12 on Thursday February 25, 2016. The Bundle belongs to 211 at Louisiana Tech University taught by Dr. Laura Gentry in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views.
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Date Created: 02/25/16
Ansc 211 Final Exam Health Management Disease infectious pathogen in the environment other animals parasitic bacterial and viral noninfectious environmental conditions management genetic nutritiona1 often not cured by medication Disease Control sanitation keep ies away keep facilities clean change out feed and water buckets daily WASH feed and water buckets AT LEAST weekly disinfect stalls regularly especially after a horse moves out of a stall or after an illness isolation neW arrivals amp sick horses c1eaning bits grooming equipment tack etc Signs of Respiratory Illness 1ethargy nasal discharge pus in eye cough fever Diseases Common Respiratory Diseases Rhinopneumonitis equine herpesvirus types 1 and 4 nasal discharge abortion in the 8th to 11th month or weak foal in uenza high fever cough nasal discharge rhodococcus foal pneumonia strangles streptococcus bacterium young horses most susceptible high temperature abscesses vaccination when epidemic Other Common Diseases tetanus lock jaw caused by Clostridium tetani nervetissue poison botulism Clostridium botulinum Shaker foal syndrome adults exhibit paralysis staggers etc encephalomvelitis sleeping sickness fever trouble seeing stagger WEE EEE VEE Equine Infectious Anemia EIA swamp fever viral disease fever anemia weight loss edma amp death Coggins test detects antibodies but not disease West Nile Virus symptoms develop between 314 days after being bitten by affected mosquito ataxia depression weakness of limbs partial paralysis and death Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis EPM water and feed contaminated by protozoa muscle atrophy ataxia similar to other problems treatment Parasites parasites small organisms that live on or in a host organism and derive their food from it can be beneficial or detrimental must control harmful parasites parasite infestations reduced growth reduced performance reduced digestive efficiency lower visual appeal damage to organs fatal sometimes symptoms Weakness poor body condition emancipation potbelly tucked up anks rough hair coat slow growth types of parasites external internal ascarids roundworms among the largest of parasites problem in young horses older horses develop immunity damage the organs liver heart lungs can block capillaries and blood vessels coughing and nasal secretions seen in infected foals eggs very resistant to environmental conditions and can live for years keep environment free from egg contamination and deworm strongyles 54 species of large and small strongyles infest horses small strongyles less pathogenic then large species large strongyles cause arterial damage and development of small blood clots in arteries control is based on life cycle grazing with cattle and sheep helpful bc no cross contamination of species routine deworming pinworms not very damaging to horse causes an itching sensation around the anus area so horse rubs tail threadworms foals are very susceptible causes foal heat scours in young foals disappears when foal acquires immunity 6 months old stomach worms attach to stomach wall or remain free responsible for summer sores stomach bots 3 species of bot ies affect horses cause damage to stomach little yellow eggs all over body how to tell if horse has bots tapeworms infestation frequency is low in most areas horse doesn t usually show clinical symptoms Parasite Control fecal removal and disposal regular deworming pasture rotation and management keep y populations to a minimum Dewormers ivermectin very popular kills invading larvae benzimidazoles fenbendazole etc very good except for bots and stomach worms organophosphates good for bots and stomach worms resistance always a threat external parasites ticllts lice mites chiggers gnats mosquitos ies
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