Sociology 10CD Week 4 and 5 Notes
Sociology 10CD Week 4 and 5 Notes soc 10CD
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Alyssa Husko on Friday February 26, 2016. The Bundle belongs to soc 10CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Timothy O'Boyle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology 10CD in Sociology at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 02/26/16
Week 4 & 5 Sociology 10 CD Culture- the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material objects that characterize a group and are passed on from one generation to the next. There is a contrast between society and culture. o Society is people in the same are interacting with one another. o Culture consists of abstract entities (something you can’t touch) such as ideas that influence people and tangible man made objects that reflect those ideas. 2 types of Culture o Material- every conceivable type of physical object produced by humans that reflects the nature of the society they were made in Ex: art, buildings, weapons, hairstyles, clothing, etc. o Non-material- The intangible aspect of culture Cognitive- thought process Normative- acceptance of behavior Symbolic o Cognitive component- thought and ideas of which there are 2 parts: Knowledge- the collection of relatively objective ideas and facts about our physical and social world. Beliefs- ideas that are more subjective, unreliable, or unverifiable. They change the world. o Normative component- morals and behaviors made up of 2 parts: Values- socially shared ideas about what is good desirable or important. Cultural integration- the joining of various values into a coherent whole Norms- social rules that specify how you should behave Covering your mouth when you cough o Folkways- weak norms that specify expectations about proper behavior. If you violate them, you’re not severely punished- wearing a bathing suit to class o Taboo: A norm so strong that it bring extreme sanctions and even revulsion if someone violates it. (Incest) o Sanctions- punishments for violation of norms o Institutionalized deviance- Norm violation that happens so often it has become socially acceptable. (Male earrings, tattoos) Gestures- ways in which people use their bodies to communicate with one and other. Language- symbolizations of our thoughts. Symbols allow us to create, communicate, share, and transmit non material components of culture to the next generation. Sapir- Whorf Hypothesis- Language pre-disposes us to see the world in a certain way. Popular Culture- consists of relatively unsophisticated artistic creations that appeal to a mass audience. Sub-Cultures- Cultures within a larger culture. The members of a sub culture still retain or share many characteristics of the dominate or larger culture. o Ethnic groups, social class, religion, occupation, age, etc. Culture shock- the disorientation that people experience when they come into contact with a different culture and can no longer depend on their taken for granted assumptions about life, Multiculturalism- a state in which all sub cultures are equal to one another in the same culture. Ethnocentrism- the belief that one’s own culture is better than the rest. Cultural relativism- the belief that culture must be understood on its own terms looking at other cultures from their perspectives. There are numerous sources of cultural change o Technology o Cultural lag- when culture doesn’t catch up to the changes. Values and beliefs fail to catch up to technology. o Innovation- the introduction of something that has never existed before o Cultural diffusion- the spread of thins, ideas, beliefs, or some other culture from one society to another Social environment- the entire human environment that includes direct contact with everyone. Feral children- children assumed to be raised by animals in the wilderness, isolated from humans. Self- the human capacity of being able to see ourselves from the outside. They are the views that we internalize from how others see us. Significant other- an individual who has a very important influence on someone else’s life. (direct influence) Generalized other- provide norms, values, attitudes and expressions of people in general. A child’s ability to take the role as a generalized other is a step in the development of a self. (police officers, doctors, firefighters) Socialization- the process by which people learn the characteristics of their groups, the knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, norms and actions thought to be appropriate for them. o Our parents o School o Peers o Mass media Personality- a fairly stable configuration of feelings, attitudes, ideas and behaviors that characterize an individual. Intelligence- the capacity for mental or intellectual achievement such as logical thinking and problem solving.
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