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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Jessica Burns on Monday February 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to ENR2300 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Toman in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 153 views. For similar materials see Society and Natural Resources in Environmental Science at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Komorita amp Parks 1996 In social dilemmas what is the relationship between self and collective interests 0 If everyone attempts to maximize self interests EVERYONE ends up worse off collectively as a group because resources run out Define interdependence as described in Komorita amp Parks How does this interdependence influence environmental decisionmaking Interdependence is the interactions between humans and how they exchange rewards and punishments How does corresoondence of outcomes differ in competitive cooperative and mixed motive dames mixed motive an individual is faced with the conflict to compete or cooperate Individual rationality leads to collective irrationality Prisoner s dilemma competitive what one person gains the other must lose cooperative what one person gains the other must gain what one person loses the other must lose Think of a baseball team if one person scores 4 home runs the whole teams benefits If they lose 64 the whole team loses although one player played extremely well What are the incentives for behavior in each of these different kinds of matrices In a competitive matrix you increase your own gains 0 In a cooperative matrix you collectively gain as a society and are more sustainable In a mixed motive matrix it s a toss up whether you lose gain or you re somewhere in the middle Which of these matrices provides the best description of current environmental challenges 0 the competitive matrix in a capital economy the individual is looking to increase personal interests and to rise above the rest this leads to depletion of resources which is collectively negative for the society as a whole It can lead to higher prices of resources and eventually leads to the extinction of resources It s not a sustainable or rational way to go about things Define social traps and social fences Provide an example of each a social trap is doing something individually for instant reward and gratification that will have delayed consequences An example would be a public field where farmers could have their herds graze on it Individually it s rational to keep adding cows to the herd to produce personal gains If everyone thinks rationally they will add more cows too This will eventually lead to an overgrazed pasture that can t support a single cow and everyone loses a social fence is facing a challenge in the beginning and negative outcomes but the delayed effect is a positive one for the whole community For example for a community library to be opened some people have to donate money for the building to be built and stocked with technology and books but in the long run the whole community will benefit from this resource
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