winter 2015 notes
winter 2015 notes HIST 443
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This 15 page Bundle was uploaded by Meghan Long on Monday February 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to HIST 443 at University of Oregon taught by David M. Luebke in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 139 views. For similar materials see Top Nazi Germany in History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
HIST 308 01202015 Carnal Women puritan New England James I considered himself a divinely appointed king People that left England for America in search of pilgrimage o Brought wives although not many 0 Many died from horrible living conditions on ships VirginiaMassachusetts Contrast 0 Laws 0 Families 0 Work 0 Culture 0 Compare 0 Discourse carnal women 0 Jane Sharp quotwere it not for this they would have no desire nor delight nor would they conceive Religious Migration to New England 0 English reformation and religious warfare James gt Separatists gt Pilgrims 1620 Puritans 1626 By 16305 ten thousand puritans moved to new England 0 Charles I vs Parliament Great Migration Family Migration 0 Large families 0 Women that came over were already married or were soon to be married 0 Had seven live children twice that number of pregnancies 0 5080 percent of children survived into adulthood o Patriarchy o Impossible in Virginia Men didn t live long enough to govern sons into adu hood Sons didn t make it to adulthood 0 Women of deceased men received 30 of husband s wealth if they are a well behaved goodwife Monitored by reputation and laws on behavior 0 Gender conformity by law 0 Standards of womanhood o What to expect of each gender behavior 0 quotgovern the tonguequot ducking o slander brabbling women goodwives at work 0 wives and children main work force 0 most labor done by unpaid girls orphans or children from other houses o housewifery taught to orphan girls gathering rewood tending to re food cooking growing raising and slaughtering livestock preserving drinks clothing cleaning creating ironing o deputy husbands control over male laborers marketing borrow on husbands credit from neighbors a reputation important to maintain household economically gender frontiers Pequot war 1637 o Disappeared for 300 years through death and slavery sent to Cadbbean o Wampanoags Massasoit enemy of the Pequots Metcom Wetamoo o slavery common across all indian tribes colonists traded Indians to members of their own tribes o slavery of Christians illegal Wampanoags converted to Christianity to avoided enslavement 0 King Philip s War 167576 0 English women taken captive o Natives trying to take back their own land 0 Allied with daughter of Massasoit quotSecond Indian warquot 16805 0 fear of being pushed out of England Sarah Ahhaton O O O O O 1668 living in Punkapoag charged for adultery irting by husband William with Joseph through Waban William guilty of adultery and domestic violence Sarah prohibited from having contact with Joseph doesn t listen Sowams Metacom Sleeps with Joseph returns to husband confesses crime to English government Daniel Gookin translated into Puritan language Sentenced to three years in prison and life with husband Mary Rowlandson 0 Taken hostage and held for ransom return of own hostages Held for three months then released treated episode as test of faith god saved me Proved to other goodwives that if you do behave yourself you can be redeemed Another woman taken doesn t want to return to English life story doesn t get told because it doesn t promote good behavior Carnal Bodies Anne Bradstreet Husbands that do not sexually satisfy their wives are excommunicated Women are carnal orgasms and sexual desires are important part of their being hell will break loose if not satis ed 0 Sex extremely important aspect of marriage 0 Fornication what would you do 0 0 Building blocks of relationship took place in parents home Premarital sex only an issue if woman did not get married afterwards Midwives O Experts in females anatomy o Testify in court Damned women 0 Soul is feminine Women are vulnerable Public confessions 0 Women internalized confession that they are more prone to sin 0 Church membership 0 O O Gendered however everyone goes to church In order to become a church member you must wrestle with your sinfulness until you are saved For men had important political means Only these men could vote Women still had no political voice but had more moral authorty Heresy gender chaos Members seduced by other religions Anne Hutchinson 0 John Cotton Argued that women are better behaved than men Knew of eve s sins and were on constant watch to control themselves 0 Antinomianism quotno law but god s lawquot 0 worksGrace only saved if god says you re are do good deeds proved you re saved Hutchinson if you re saved you ll know it 0 Outcome Banished Why banished when heresy was a capital crime a Quell down words of cotton prevent creation of martyr I Use banishment no community to sustain herself as way to show that god is on their side 0 Mary Dyer Men and female equal Converted to Quakerism travels back to boston after banishment to spread word of Quakerism 1660 hanged for heresy General issues 16405 805 0 267344 women conviction vs total convictions 0 New England nonconforming women o Eunice cole NH 1680 Tried three times for slander o Nonconforming women more likely to be acquitted of witchcraft Skepticism protocol 0 Ensure legit reasoning Powerless or powerful o Accused colonial refuse of society 0 Widowed no adult children poor 0 OR 0 Women who had land had adult sons Salem crisis 1692 0 106144 0 less skepticism more panic gender and status 0 men also convicted and killed of witchcraft o goodwives accusers role reversal 0 young girls 1120 judges of communities point out men that committed actual crimes George Burrows n Accused of violent domestic abuse and murdering wife WEEK 4 COQUETI39E BOOK REVIEW How does it relate to women and gender history What does coquette reveal about women and gender in early America Draw content from lecture Changes that have occurred 0 Lives and expectations about women in colonial America How is author reacting to society 0 Laws 0 Marriage 0 How they look in society 0 How is she commenting on what is going on in society Connect to other readings What does it mean that a women is writing this novel What critique or commentary was foster making about what was happening in society What was fosters intention in writing this novel 0 How was this interpreted by others Focus on multiple themes three 0 How do they t in broad interpretation THEMES 0 Marriage 0 Virtue 0 Blame 0 Independence 0 Double standard 0 Social conformity 0 Sexual Morality passion 0 Reputation 0 Education intelligence Pg 97 quotall my happinessquot 0 What marriage represents to ms Richmond contracts eliza s beliefs Woman s virtue and how that effects her place in society Can someone argue against your argument Con icting ideas about the new nations Published in 1790 N 39 WEEK 2 Upon take over Hitler left all state operations in tact a Added Nazi police other aspects of their police state alongside preexisting operations Polycratic a system in which there are multiple sectors making decisions and have power a Hitler had ve executive staffs i Head of party ii Chancellor of president iii Chancellor of fuhrer iv Chancellor of army v Chancellor of state Formation of the police state a Hermann goring minister of Prussia i Wanted to maintain control over own police made him an advocate of decentralized police state ii Created the secret state police Gestapo 1 Outgrowth of existing political police of Prussia a Monitored the activities of anti democratic party members including Nazis 2 Strictly under goring s control b Rudolf Diels rst head of Gestapo i Charged rst roundup of communists c Wilhelm Frick i Allied himself with Hitler very early on ii Interior minister power over new state 1 Controlled nationally owned property 2 Wanted to build up police force strictly under his control at expense of goring d Heinrich Himmler i Head of SS ii Bodyguard for hitler iii Based in Bavaria iv Built rst prototype of a concentration camp e Ernst Rohm i Head of SA ii Wanted to control Himmler wanted to Nazify german military 5 WEEK 3 Propaganda and the quotPeople s Communityquot 6 coordinating the media a Joseph Goebbels and the Ministry for Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda b Goals and structures of the RMVP i Four tacts used by Himmler to obtain control over german press ii By end of the 1932nsdap owned 56 of printing presses iii By end of 39 23 of dailies owned directly or indirectly by Nazis iv 13 of papers not owned by the Nazis were owned by the catholic church 1 autonomy against totally control of nazis c Propaganda and polycracy 7 Working toward the FUhrer 8 Ritual and conformity in the Third Reich a Propaganda and the feedback system b New ritual and gestures of compliance c The war that Hitler won 9 Hitler Salute a How not engaging in behaviors works i Can be as noisy of a sign as using the sign ii Jews cant give the sault single themselves out 1 Political isolation car 2 3 10 Why did Germany need a propaganda ministry a Answer has to do with success of Nazi party prior to the takeover 11 Nazi party was not dependent on donations all of funding came from members a Self nancing extremely strict i Members that did not pay were kicked out of party ii Speeches required payment to get in 1 Used turnstiles to record attendance if certain topics did not get a high number of attendees would deemphasize topic in following election iii Uniforms for SS SA brought in funds for party iv Marketed cigarettes licensing agreements v Nazi party pioneered many of the democratic tools used today b Shutting down democratic system also meant cutting themselves off from many of sources of reliable information i Reason why it developed massive network of informants ii SD responsible for listening to voices of the people c Party built on enthusiasm and con dence charisma i Shut down indifference to party or any negative opinions WEEK 4 THE PROMISES AND REALITIES OF NATIONAL SOCIALISM l The Economic Recovery a hitler brought period of unemployment and economic downturn to an end b german people worked for bread and butter cNazis took methods from the old regime to improve economy d Nazis used the power of the state central bank import licensing goods could only be imported under control of government e bilateral trade agreements to ensure supply of staples ex Wheat f 6Autarky self sufficient economy g No reliance on foreign countries h 7 set of regulations came into play in 1945 8 the domestic economy i Hjalmar Schacht president of the Reichsbank ii Reichsbank releases a de cit of economic spending 1 Housing construction plant construction autobahn road construction trade secret rearmourment begins in 1935 labor creation programs 2 Autobahn built to move military vehicles more ef ciently Labor creation programs 1 Most planned before 1933 2 Immediate program put into place from former Weimar pedod 3 Rhinehart program money paid out to members of structured construction companies 4 100 employment reached by beginning of the war iv military presence not presented as an social obligation but rather a necessary part of being a german citizen a the great justi cation Nazis hostile to organized labor unions System of trustees of labor 1 Government of cials who controlled labor disputes Every plant must have a council of trust to deal with trade amongst other companies Economic recovery not good for women took them out of labor force 1 Loans given to newlyweds on condition that women out of labor force and start having babies Labor as important as participation in military and scholarly works 19305 working class able to partake is leisure activities that previously only open to wealthy people quotstrength through joyquot KDF 1 organization held total of 1500 events around Germany 2 made it possible for people to do other things that were consumerist a buying cars etc a did it work Q i no why 1 closer and closer to full employment laborers started demanding more faced a labor shortage under pressure for better wages 2 as a charismatic regime looked for indifference fatigue as signs of crisis a perception of better wages was seen as an indication of crisis Melita Maschmann Became a nazi because she wanted to change Germany rather than the world National Socialism and Youth a The Hitler youth Structure and Organization i BDM for girls ii
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