Philosophy Notes PHIL 101-B
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This 3 page Bundle was uploaded by Gillian Garber-Yonts on Monday February 9, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PHIL 101-B at University of Oregon taught by Mark Johnson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see Philosophy 101 in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Oregon.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes this semester.
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Date Created: 02/09/15
Philosophy Notes Gillian Garber Yonts Owen Flanagan Finding meaning in the natural world We nd meaning only within culturally available spaces of meaning if you are to nd meaning you have to look at the spaces of meaning available in your culture Art Science Technology Ethics Politics Spirituality 0 This varies depending on the time you are in think 21st century vs Medieval age 1 Are there any deep structural features to what humans who search for eudaimonia living well ourishing are looking or searching for 2 Are there any deep structural features that measure success at achieving eudaimonia 0 Answer Yes there are a range of qualities of human lives There are substantive general things to say about what ourishing is 3 CC Flanagan s platonic space 0 Plato got it right the human beings aspire to the true the good and the beautiful 0 Plato wisdom will reveal these concepts Two fundamental Motivations in Human Nature 39 Sel shness enhancing our individual tness to survive and ourish Fellow Feeling Helping others survive and ourish 39 We humans naturally care a It about personal satisfaction Hedonic well being is rmly on our radar and sel sh communally disruptive motives are abundant It would make sense to be completely sel sh with self serving strategic exceptions if we were designed solely to achieve individual tness But we were not designed that way We were designed to be t as social animals The Darwinian Picture We have both sel sh egocentric and pro social tendencies darwin is a human not a Hobbesian To the extent that we are egoists we are egoists with fellow feeling We care about the weal and woe of at least some others 39 If you are going to be happy you have to have certain virtues 39 Virtue Some capacity you have that allow you yo achieve the success eX diving football basketball Now think life EX there are some things that constitute good for humans and we can identify them Virtues are the dispositions you must acquire that allow you to act Positive Psychology greatest virtues 1 Justice 2 humaneness 3 temperance capacity to control oneself 4 wisdom 5 transcendence 6 courage Flanagan denies that 5 is a virtue The 2 stages Fitness and Flourishing First nature is strictly darwinian and comprises the cognitive constitution to be t First nature involves the powerful impulse to survive Second nature kicks in once we achieve tness or better Second nature involves something in the vicinity of the aspiration to live meaningfully to flourish to achieve eudaimonia MajorPoint once you get past tness then you get into meaning It gives us the possibility of real meaning There are multiple ways you can live a meaningful life This fact can not be reduced The Aristotelian Principle Says other things equal human beings enjoy the excursive of their realized capacities Your life is fuller in meaning when you excursive your realized capacities that are in you as a human being ie Education Love Work and Play Gives life meaning What do you need to fully appreciate your capacities l a life of normal length 2 being able to have good health adequate nourishment and shelter 3 being to move about freely and securely 4 being able to use sense imagination
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