CJ notes March 28, 2016
CJ notes March 28, 2016 CJ 100
Popular in Intro to Criminal Justice
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Courtney Small on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for CJ notes March 28, 2016
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/12/16
March 28, 2016 Corrections • Refers to all programs, services, facilities and organizations responsible for the management of the accused and convicted • Prisons, jails, probation, parole, halfway houses, education and work release programs, community service History of corrections in the U.S • Penitentiary (prison): an institution intended to punish criminals by isolating them from society so they can reflect on their crimes and reform. Pennsylvania System • Criminals could best be reformed if they were placed in penitentiaries • Separate confinement: Inmates held in isolation from other inmates. All activities including craft work, took place in cells (isolation) NY System • Congregate system: prisoners were held in isolation at night but worked with other prisoners in shop during the day • Prisoners worked under rule of silence and were strict • Contract labor system: labor on a contractual basis to private employers. Private employers provided the equipment and inmates made products to sell • Obedience was key Cincinnati, 1870 • Advocated a new design for the penitentiary system • Reform should be rewarded by release • Indeterminate sentencing guidelines instead of fixed sentences Correction in U.S. • Each level of gov. has some responsibility for corrections (local, state and federal) • State and local gov pay about 90% of the cost of all corrections activities in nation Models of incarceration 1. Custodial: emphasizes security, discipline and order (assumes purpose of incapacitation, deterrence or retribution) 2. Rehabilitation: Treatment programs (drug counts) 3. Reintegration: Ties to family and community ** Majority of prisons are custodial** Federal Bureau of Prisons • Created by congress in 1930 • Facilities and inmates are classified by security • range: level 1 (least secure, camp type settings) • *level 5: Most secure, "super max", Penitentiary at Florence, Col. • ADX Florence: "Alcatraz of the Rockies" State Correctional Systems • 40 states have created prisons that exceed max. security • About 20,000 inmates are currently held in "super max" • California Federal Bay Private Prison • Response to prison and jail overcrowding and rising costs • Argue that private enterprise can build and run prisons ass effectively as gov., but at a lower cost to tax payers • Private facilities hold approx. 6% of all state prisoners and 15% of all federal prisoners Jails • Used for detention and short term incarceration o Less than a year • Local facilities used to detain people awaiting trial • Also serve as a holding facility for "social misfits" (junkies. Disturbers of public order, prostitutes) Contemporary Jail • Approx. 3400 jails in U.S. • Because of constant inmate turnover, correctional service is usually lacking in jails • Mixture of offenders of differing and criminal histories is also major problem
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'