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CJ notes March 28, 2016

by: Courtney Small

CJ notes March 28, 2016 CJ 100

Courtney Small

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About this Document

Notes that was covered in lecture from March 28, 2016
Intro to Criminal Justice
Douglas Klutz
Introduction, Criminal Justice
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This 2 page Bundle was uploaded by Courtney Small on Tuesday April 12, 2016. The Bundle belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.

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Date Created: 04/12/16
March  28,  2016     Corrections     •   Refers  to  all  programs,  services,  facilities  and  organizations  responsible  for  the   management  of  the  accused  and  convicted     •   Prisons,  jails,  probation,  parole,  halfway  houses,  education  and  work  release  programs,   community  service         History  of  corrections  in  the  U.S     •   Penitentiary  (prison):  an  institution  intended  to  punish  criminals  by  isolating  them  from   society  so  they  can  reflect  on  their  crimes  and  reform.         Pennsylvania  System     •   Criminals  could  best  be  reformed  if  they  were  placed  in  penitentiaries     •   Separate  confinement:  Inmates  held  in  isolation  from  other  inmates.  All  activities   including  craft  work,  took  place  in  cells  (isolation)       NY  System     •   Congregate  system:  prisoners  were  held  in  isolation  at  night  but  worked  with  other   prisoners  in  shop  during  the  day     •   Prisoners  worked  under  rule  of  silence  and  were  strict     •   Contract  labor  system:  labor  on  a  contractual  basis  to  private  employers.  Private   employers  provided  the  equipment  and  inmates  made  products  to  sell   •   Obedience  was  key       Cincinnati,  1870     •   Advocated  a  new  design  for  the  penitentiary  system     •   Reform  should  be  rewarded  by  release     •   Indeterminate  sentencing  guidelines  instead  of  fixed  sentences         Correction  in  U.S.   •   Each  level  of  gov.  has  some  responsibility  for  corrections  (local,  state  and  federal)   •   State  and  local  gov  pay  about  90%  of  the  cost  of  all  corrections  activities  in  nation         Models  of  incarceration     1.   Custodial:  emphasizes  security,  discipline  and  order  (assumes  purpose  of  incapacitation,   deterrence  or  retribution)   2.   Rehabilitation:  Treatment  programs  (drug  counts)   3.   Reintegration:  Ties  to  family  and  community         **  Majority  of  prisons  are  custodial**               Federal  Bureau  of  Prisons     •   Created  by  congress  in  1930   •   Facilities  and  inmates  are  classified  by  security     •   range:  level  1  (least  secure,  camp  type  settings)   •   *level  5:  Most  secure,  "super  max",  Penitentiary  at  Florence,  Col.     •   ADX  Florence:  "Alcatraz  of  the  Rockies"       State  Correctional  Systems     •   40  states  have  created  prisons  that  exceed  max.  security     •   About  20,000  inmates  are  currently  held  in  "super  max"     •   California  Federal  Bay       Private  Prison     •   Response  to  prison  and  jail  overcrowding  and  rising  costs     •   Argue  that  private  enterprise  can  build  and  run  prisons  ass  effectively  as  gov.,  but  at  a   lower  cost  to  tax  payers   •   Private  facilities  hold  approx.  6%  of  all  state  prisoners  and  15%  of  all  federal  prisoners         Jails     •   Used  for  detention  and  short  term  incarceration     o   Less  than  a  year   •   Local  facilities  used  to  detain  people  awaiting  trial     •   Also  serve  as  a  holding  facility  for  "social  misfits"  (junkies.  Disturbers  of  public  order,   prostitutes)       Contemporary  Jail     •   Approx.  3400  jails  in  U.S.     •   Because  of  constant  inmate  turnover,  correctional  service  is  usually  lacking  in  jails     •   Mixture  of  offenders  of  differing  and  criminal  histories  is  also  major  problem      


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