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by: Audra Oul

POSC 311NOTES APRIL 11-APRIL 15, 2016 POSC 311

Audra Oul


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Freedom of Expression New York Times v. Sullivan Buckley v. Valeo Texas v. Johnson
Constitutional Law Power
James Fox
American Constitutional Law
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This 8 page Bundle was uploaded by Audra Oul on Wednesday April 13, 2016. The Bundle belongs to POSC 311 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by James Fox in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Constitutional Law Power in Political Science at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.

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Date Created: 04/13/16
Monday, April 11, 2016 Ebbs and flow of the social media  Where did we get these filters? Filters about not to say certain things  Should we be honest? Twilight: can hear people’s thoughts  Should we be allowed to express ourselves? The manager has the right to express and the right to fire Protects from the government  Express ourselves: speech, actions, gestures, written language, not speaking, how we dress Wear hat and Nike shirt is athletes  Shirts says 100 or South Dakota  USD is the University of South Dakota  Facial cues  Voting I am Democratic of Republicans  Bill or Invoice states it is 38 dollars and tips  Tips: how well the server treated you Just because can does not mean that you should? Constructive: should pull away from the table once in a while How we know is we get corrected Mississippi­can say think gay and say get out  Partial shaving just look gay so get out That is a law in the Mississippi  Gender is what you are born with  Raspberry voice think is transgender so get out  Based on religious beliefs  Breathing is important  Moral convictions against the Mulatto race  Have to wear a star on chest so can identify them Maybe all gay couples should have purple star to identify these people How to express  Figure out the limits are  The Supreme Court rules on them  Girls are not that tall. Daughter is 6 feet and 4 inches tall  Things called Civil Rights Act: ­­outlawed discrimination based on race and ethnicity  ­­­Civil Rights Act of 1964: forbids racial discrimination  ­­Ended segregation  Marriage has become a fundamental right Violation of protection to not allow gays to be married  Full faith and Credit clause ­­­the judicial decisions in one state should honored in every other state  Prevent people from moving freely  Civil Rights Act designed to prevent discrimination on race, ethnicity, and fundamental right Marriage is a fundamental right De Facto ­­­ “in fact” to be in reality  Religious conviction against gay marriage  Sex before marriage because of procreation stuff  ­­procreation is to have offspring  Every black person says gay and have to go  Freedom of expression: if there is a fire  Fire in theatre can be hold accountable? Change from lawyer to doctor Women is hanging half out of the car Leaves the women to die that was in the car accident The doctor does not work for the public Code of Ethics  Come across somebody who was hurt. Have obligation to serve that person? Moral obligation? Do have to save her? Legal answer is no If stop helping her and excludes people from hurting her, that is a legal matter  Do not feed someone. They will die.  Being gay is an expression of oneself  Why is this religious freedom triumphs to someone being gay? Constitutional issue: religious freedom and individual expressing themselves How do we resolve it? Obligation: contractual obligation Do something to protect children  Try to save them would sacrifice own life  Can do CPR. Cannot physically doing any more or until paramedics come  Create emergency and try to remedy  He snapped the girl’s neck and prison for life without possibility for parole was the verdict  He had legal duty to do something  Witness rape do not have legal duty to do something  Relationship: that is spouse, someone in charge in caring for  Not a legal relationship  Boyfriend or girlfriend there is no legal duty  Doctor in the plane do not have legal duty to help even if called to help when in plane Another was rear ended by a plane Die when rear ended by a plane  Significant other is spouse Would you get offended if not looking well in dress? How can take half of waffle and look like that? Have a guy come up and say you are attractive? Who would go out with that guy? Why say one and not the other? Whole thing is predicated on what is seen to suggest what is on the menu? It depends on the time and place and manner Time, place, and manner for everything Trumps says get them out   *POLITICAL SPEECH IS THE MOST PROTECTIVE SPEECH EVER HAD  Defaming: publishing false statements against another person would results in harm Publishing could be written  Libel: written false statements Princess Diana is not dead.  ­­British royalty  How can they publish those things? True or making things up  Freedom of press does not mean can publish anything want and not true? New York Times v. Sullivan  When publish about public figure or a matter of importance? Extra layer have to prove malice—evil intent  ­­L.B. Sullivan sued the New York Times for libel because offended from their ad. He published an article Larry Flynt lost his virginity Jerry Falwell was upset and sued and won ­­­Jerry Falwell had a libel suit about the Hustler picture  He was a political figure   Larry Flynt appealed  Everybody around him knows that is not true  First Amendment meant to protect freedom of expression  It supposed to cover public  Wanted to overturn Roe vs. Wade Only things for sex is procreation; for a child  Freedom of speech be able to express our ideas  Going to follow what we say  Say in political speech almost could get away with anything  Appropriate to make fun of him Larry Flynt paved the way good faith that is true but it is not true  He can get the lawsuit It was ridiculing him  Truth is a the absolute defense  If what is saying is true, there is an absolute defense  Truth by private records  Stated cannot get up at night  Cause of action? How do go to hospital privately? What is the cause of action? Invasion of privacy  ­­HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)  ­­Handles problems with pre­existing conditions Someone not authorized to look at is an offense Someone read private information  Call 911 is public  Do not talk about patients out of the unit Lingering, he was dying of AIDS A person said going to pray for God to take him His sister was there, Oscar’s sister  The mother was livid  ­­Livid is to be really upset   Late 80s   If accident of staff, it is violation of HIPAA  Cannot just help it Heart attack  ­­Something out of the control Should not have medical records  Privacy screen on everything  Banks has that as well No privacy on defamation  But there could be cause of action Buckley v. Valeo  We are supporting ideas  Contribution could do that  Do have right to contribute? Can speak on behalf of corporation? Can give 1 million to Hilary Clinton because Donald Trump do not accept  ­­To be able to spend on campaign because it is protected speech  Gave 100 million to campaign  Started with Kasich and Mitt Romney  ­­John Kasich running for governor in Ohio  Why would give 100 million dollar to candidates It was like energy, gets transferred, have jobs even if Mitt Romney did not win Why support that? Why 100 million dollars? Is that same kind of speech want to protect? Hate speech are not protected  What is considered hate speech? To see if incite ­ ­ to encourage ­ ­ as violence  To say white power but is it hate speech to incite violence? Dealing with race, gender, and religion  Degradation and sinner  Department of Equity Had an e­mail when racist comments were made  Do not know how to disclose it if talking about race  Raised in predominately black neighborhood, “ya mama” fighting words  Negro please Same stimulus different reactions  It is about thought process Change how think about it and not buttons push  It could be hate speech even if someone is asleep It is about the intent  Takes so much because have to show the intent Not just have this idea Hate speech is fighting words Deals with ethnicity and religion  Prosecuted for it when cross the line Done so negligence Gross negligence have to have violence that happens  Otherwise have to be intention  Race and religion, and sexual orientation has been creeped in  Telling to do things bound to incite violence  Not protected   Hate speech, fighting words  Obscenity: cussing, shocking ­­immoral, offensive words Exploit it or not ­­make full use of it was exploit Obscene because just 18? If agree to it, is it obscene? It is content or the age? What is mentally challenged? Child pornography is obscene  People get in trouble for child dangers  Miller vs. California ­­obscene being sent in mail   ­­Is that okay? 3 prongs  1. Sexual depictions act 2. Appeal to the puritan (Horney) interest violates community standards  ­­Puritan encouraged sex in the bed when discouraged marriage outside of marriage 3. Lacks serious artistic, scientific, or literary value  Miller Test to figure out what is obscene? I do not know what it is but I know what is when I see it  Radio is regulated  It is public radio waves  Could not say something that violates FCC ­ ­ Federal Communications Commission ­ ­ rules  Supreme Court could get rid of television  ABC over the airwaves. Very few people see it. Loosen for cable TV No more restriction on ABC and NBC  Figure it out for can turn it off or not  Now listen to it hear shit or damn  Invent of ABC family changed to Freeform  Some many restrictions Do not want to see it turn it off  First episodes had a disclaimer. This show is provocative I cannot believe you would do this Commercial about giving blood from African Americans  Guns are important in the community to stop the hijackers  Passengers in the planes. All the passengers have guns Networks filmed 3 pilots. None of the pilots want to publish it  Dealt with racism Seen in the You Tube All in the family  ­­episodes of Archie and Edith  ­­Edith Bunker is wife of Archie Bunker who is World War II veteran  Ratings  Required from industry to give parents a warning  Campaign financing  Laws prohibits anal courses and only between homosexuals and overturned that  Lawrence v. Texas Do with privacy in own home ­­John Lawrence apartment  ­­­John Lawrence and Tyron Garner engaged in sexual conduct  ­­Texas v. Johnson Texas outlawed desecration of a flag ­ ­ Gregory Lee Johnson set an American flag on fire  ­­Cohen v. California ­­ Paul Cohen opposes Vietnam War  ­­Wore a jacket saying “Fuck the Draft. Stop the War” He said fuck the draft. It was a political speech Fighting words, obscenity, hate speech, and incite unlawful behavior are not protected  Bad tendency test  ­­To put limitation to freedom of speech in order to not incite violence  Based on case by case basis  Can protest but had free speech zone Watch an episode next week  Archie Bunker 


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