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This 7 page Bundle was uploaded by Cierra Beyers on Tuesday February 10, 2015. The Bundle belongs to PSY-P 101 at Indiana University taught by Jeff Huber in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 229 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 02/10/15
Chapter 3 February 3rd Consciousness aware of environment and ourselves Better definition attention Timelapse free way video 0 Walk sign Conscious high track mind takes deliberate actions we know we are doing I EX driving on the freeway Unconscious low track mind performs automatic actions often without being aware of them I EX processing sensory details along freeway Why do we have twotrack mind Evolutionary purposes 0 Chasing mastodon dodging potholes escaping enemy arrow Without twotrack mind 0 Eaten by mastodon 0 Crash on freeway Consequences of twotrack mind Blind sight seeing things without consciously experiencing them Experiments tell us about unconscious processing 0 Case Study I Woman had no eye damage but she did have brain damage I She was unable to use her eyes to report what was in front of her Describing mail and slot high road consciousness visual perception track I She was able to use her eyes to put the mail into the slot Visual action track Why do we have twotrack mind We don t have to think about everything all at once 0 We can catch a ball without having to calculate the projector Parallel Processing processing info concurrently at the same time using two separate systems Parallel Processing explains Stroop Effect low road automatic processing interfering with high road conscious processing EX name the color not the word 0 Takes longer 0 Difference in time is due to the visual perception track is fighting with the visual action track Low Road High Road Automatic Conscious Unconscious Sequential Precedes consciousness After low road Fast Slow Visual Action Track Visual perception track Used for tracking navigating Used for problem solving Can override lowroad thinking Low Road Functioning Daily functions 0 Walking driving etc Biases precede and or in uence attitudes decisions and choices Hidden Prejudice Video 0 Harvard Implicit Associate Test Male and career have always been grouped together Women and family have always been grouped together Biases aren t fully entrenched we can shape them 000 We can Use high road thinking so it overrides low road thinking Remind yourself of good examples 0 Guy in video reminded himself of MLK Collin Powell and M Jordan Selective Attention choosing to attend to some things and not others Cocktail Party Effect mental spotlight on one things 0 There is a focus on one conversation Popout Effect unconscious filtering 0 Not paying attention but you hear your name Good filter out extraneous stuff Bad hyper focus and miss things Ugly texting while driving car crash Arousal Anxiety Attention Perceptual narrowing arousal and anxiety increase too much focus becomes too narrow and you miss cues EX Quarterback cant see wideopen receiver EX Driver doesn t see other car EX Knew the answer but too nervous to see the right answer on a test Different Levels of Arousal for Different tasks There is an arousal and performance correlation IZOF Hanin individual zone of optimal functioning 0 Some students do well on tests with high arousal some do not 0 Lawrence diver high anger meant better performance for him 0 Amy low anger meant better performance 0 Nidiffer s Model of Attention 0 Internal external and broad narrow o Quarterback broad and external 0 Point guard narrow and external 0 Violinist narrow and internal Time Huber past present future Type of Selective Attention Selective inattention failure to notice environment when attention is directed elsewhere 0 Inattentional Blindness missing the obvious when attention is focused on something else I Video xray test 83 of Harvard and med students did not see the picture of the gorilla in the xray 0 Change Blindness I 23 of people didn t notice he was giving directions to different guys I Video Color changing card trick Four differences throughout tric 0 Choice Blindness February 5 2015 Chapter 3 cont Class experiments One person was trying to listen to two people at once 0 Dividing our attention comes with a cost and we lose parts of each Disrupting pilot video Paralysis through Analysis affected an 11 year pilot He couldn t describe what he was doing easily because it was effecting his unconscious mind Brain repairs and reorganized itself and consolidates memories during sleep REM Sleep Rapid eye movement Heart rate increases Breathing becomes rapid Sleep Paralysis brainstem blocks motor cortex s messages and muscles don t move o This is when the body physically recovers What Determines Quantity amp Rhythm of Sleep Age Biology Culture 0 North Americans sleep less than others and less than they used to I Due to light and computer Circadian Rhythm Hard to shift jet lag Rhythm affected by light stimulates pineal gland releases melatonin relaxing hormone Effects of sleep loss Lose brain power Suppressed immune system easier for you to get sick Gain weight easier Reduce productivity Feel old Be irritable Purpose of Sleep Restores and repairs brain Builds and strengthens memories Facilitates creative problem solving Activates growth hormones Aids in physical recovery and rehabilitation Maintains and regains emotional balance Alice Park Time Magazine the power of sleepquot Sleep personal bank account Why do we dream 5 theories 1 Wish fulfillment Information processing Physiological functioning Activation synthesis Cognitive development 915393quot Dogs dream Brain is always quotonquot Recovery Physiologist who worked with Navy Seals did a lecture on how important recovery was Otherwise you couldn t do what your body was capable of No sleep no REM cycle You should stay on a regular sleep schedule Making sleep up on the weekends doesn t have the same benefits Kimberly Young study and book about Internet addiction 7 Signs of Dependence 1 Tolerance use more to receive desired effect Withdrawal discomfort when not high Using more than needed Persistent failed attempts to regulate use Preoccupied with substance obtaining it and recovering Important activities reduced because of use 991999 Continued use despite aversive consequences Drugs and Withdrawal Withdrawal leads to o Worsened addiction I Increase to overcome tolerance and avoid withdrawal symptoms 0 Physiological psychological and emotional discomfort and distress o Terrible cycle with impact on life Drugs Impact on Life Reduce family time friend time and coworker time Loss of motivation and direction Reduce time with important activities Mental physical and emotional impact Increase time with substance Alcohol Reduces functioning o Slows neural processing reduces sympathetic nervous system activity slower thought and physical reaction Reduced memory formation cause by REM sleep Reduced synapse formation Impaired selfcontrol judgment selfmonitoring Increased accidents OOOO Exogenous Agonist Mimic Opiates Cocain blocks reuptake and increases 0 Dopamine feels rewarding o Serotonin lifts mood o Norepinephrine provides energy Effects on consciousness o Euphoria I At least for 45 minutes then the crash withdrawal and overdose comes Bob Newton Football player He was addicted to drugs and lose everything He almost died Now he is a motivational speaker and counselor Triggers release of dopamine leading to 8 hours of euphoria and energy Then You feel irritability insomnia seizures hypertension violence and depression Biopsychosocial Approach to Drug Use Bio genetically disposed Psych stress depression lacking sense of purpose Social peer in uence conformity Flow activities peak experiences engage you mentally physically and emotionally
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